Topic outline

  • Carbonate Reservoir Characterization

    This course provides an overview of all significant aspects and considerations of carbonate reservoirs for exploration and development geologists, exploration and development managers and geophysicists. Engineers with some geologic background will also benefit from this course
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain an in-depth knowledge on carbonate reservoir characterization Employ carbonate reservoir characterization with pore type inversion using differential, effective medium (DEM) model at “X” field and East Java
      Review regional geology and literature and apply Voight-Reuss Hill method Describe differential effective medium (DEM), method of estimation Vs, velocity model and crossplot of Vp-Vs correlation
      Recognize carbonate reservoirs and fractured reservoirs including carbonate sidewall core, carbonate porosity types, intergranular porosity, vuggy and moldic porosity Explain dolomitization and identify evidence for fluid flow along fractures in sandstone
      Identify systematic orthogonal fractures, fracture spacing/bedding, fractures in reservoir simulations and sealed fractures Review estimated ultimate recovery (EUR) map, maximum horizontal stress and acid stimulation of carbonate reservoir
      Employ matrix acidizing, acid fracturing and reservoir efficiency Determine the permeability distribution of cross-section structure and the relationship between cumulative production rate and time
      Review result of simulation by natural flow, result of simulation after stimulation by acidizing and result of simulation after stimulation by acid fracturing
      • Course Description

        This E-Learning course is designed to provide participants with a detailed and up-to-date overview of carbonate reservoir characterization. It covers the pore type inversion using differential, effective medium (DEM) model at “X” field and East Java; the regional geology, literature and Voight-Reuss Hill method; the differential effective medium (DEM), method of estimation Vs, velocity model and crossplot of Vp-Vs correlation; the carbonate reservoirs, fractured reservoirs, carbonate sidewall core, carbonate porosity types, intergranular porosity, vuggy and moldic porosity; and the dolomitization and evidence for fluid flow along fractures in sandstone
        During this course, participants will learn the systematic orthogonal fractures, fracture spacing/bedding, fractures in reservoir simulations and sealed fractures; the estimated ultimate recovery (EUR) map, maximum horizontal stress and acid stimulation of carbonate reservoir; the matrix acidizing, acid fracturing and reservoir efficiency; the permeability distribution of cross-section structure and the relationship between cumulative production rate and time; and the result of simulation by natural flow, result of simulation after stimulation by acidizing and result of simulation after stimulation by acid fracturing
        • Module 1 - Carbonate Reservoir Characterization with Pore Type Inversion Using Differential Effective Medium (DEM) Model at “X” Field, East Java

          Contents:
            • Introduction
            • Regional Geology and Literature Review
            • Voight-Reuss Hill Method
            • Wood Relation
            • Differential Effective Medium (DEM)
            • Method of Estimation Vs 
            • Crossplot of Vp-Vs Correlation 
            • Pore Type
            • Video: Reservoir Characterization
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - Carbonate Reservoirs and Fractured Reservoirs

            Contents:
              • Carbonate Reservoirs
              • Carbonate Porosity Types
              • Intergranular Porosity
              • Vuggy & Moldic Porosity
              • Cretaceous Reefs
              • Golden Lane Facies
              • Dissolution by Meteoric Water
              • Karst and Unconformities
              • Persian Gulf Petroleum System
              • Arab D Reservoir - Ghawar
              • Daily Oil Production 2008
              • Dolomitization
              • Ordovician Dolomite Cavity, OH
              • Trenton-Black River System- Alachian Basin
              • Fractured Reservoirs
              • Evidence for Fluid Flow Along Fractures in Sandstone
              • Systematic Orthogonal Fractures
              • Fracture Spacing/Bedding
              • Fractures in Reservoir Simulations
              • Sealed Fractures
              • Example of Fractured Carbonate Reservoir
              • Isopach of Union Oolite, Rhodell Field Area 
              • Cross-section A - A
              • Open Fractures - DEPI #5834 (Fault Zone)
              • Maximum Horizontal Stress
              • Union Oolite Thrustmodel with Fracture Swarm
              • Fault Well Production (Outside Oolite Trend) DEPI #5834 (047-055-00238)
              • Video: Fractured Reservoir
            • Module 3 - Acid Stimulation of Carbonate Reservoir in Northeastern Thailand Using Developed Computer Program

              Contents:
                • Introduction
                • Data and Methods
                • Results and Discussions
                • Economic Evaluation
                • Video: Energy Firms using Acid could lead to Fracking
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Multilateral Stimulation Technology - A New Approach to Stimulating/Revitalizing Production in Carbonate Reservoir

                Contents:
                  • Fishbone MST - jetting
                  • Dreamliner MST - Drilling 
                  • Addressing Challenges 
                  • Product Portfolio 
                  • Track Record 
                  • Case Histories 
                  • First Carbonate Installation – USA 
                  • CB Jones #2, Austin Chalk Formation 
                  • 16 Months’ Production 
                  • Fishbones MST installation #2 in USA 
                  • First Dreamliner MST installation 
                  • SimFish
                  • Expanding Global Presence
                • Module 5 - Reservoir Solutions

                  Contents:
                    • Reservoir Knowledge Center
                    • Collaborative Well Testing
                    • Planning
                    • Testing
                    • Real-Time Reservoir Solutions (RTRS)
                    • Res 20/20
                    • Well Test Analysis Overview
                    • Video: What is Well Test Analysis
                    • Underbalanced Applications–Real-Time Reservoir Evaluation (RTRE)
                    • Examples of Downhole Solutions
                    • Openhole Test Installation
                    • SmarTest System Installation
                    • Offshore Well Test Installation
                    • Deepwater/Floating Vessel Well Test Installation
                    • Land/Jack-up Well Test Installation
                    • FasTest System Installation 
                    • Shoot and Pull Test Installation
                    • STPP-GH Single-Trip Perf/Pack System
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Module 6 - Sandstone vs. Carbonate Petroleum Reservoirs: A Global Perspective on Porosity-depth and Porosity-permeability Relationships

                    Contents:
                      • Introduction
                      • Data
                      • Porosity-Depth
                      • Porosity-Permeability
                      • Interpretation
                      • Porosity Controls
                      • Video: Porosity Basics- Control Porosity with Processing Parameters 
                      • Module Quiz
                    • Module 7 - Source Reservoir & Cap Rocks (Part 1)

                      Contents:
                        • Introduction
                        • Source Rock 
                        • Definitions of Source Rock Types
                        • Characterizing Source Rocks 
                        • Determining Source Rock Potential
                        • Types of Source Rocks
                        • Maturation and Expulsion
                        • Mapping Source Rocks in Sedimentary Basins
                        • Video: Sedimentary Rocks Formation
                        • World Class Source Rock
                        • Reservoir Rock 
                        • The Properties of Reservoir Rocks
                        • Types of Reservoir Rocks
                        • Sandstone Reservoir Rocks
                        • Carbonate Reservoir Rocks
                        • Siliciclastic Reservoir
                        • Shallow and Deep Marine Reservoir
                        • Lacustrine Reservoir
                        • Eolian Reservoir
                        • Fluvial Reservoir
                        • Deltaic Reservoir
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Module 8 - Source Reservoir & Cap Rocks (Part 2)

                        Contents:
                          • Carbonate Reservoir
                          • Reef Reservoir
                          • Clastic Limestone
                          • Dolomite
                          • Afanitic Limestone
                          • Another Type of Reservoir
                          • Reservoir Rock Properties, Interpretations and Their Significance on a Petroleum System
                          • Other Factors Affecting the Volume of the Reservoir Rocks
                          • Methods for Determining Rock Properties
                          • Reservoir Rock Properties Calculation Formula
                          • Reservoir Porosity
                          • Reservoir Permeability
                          • Cap Rocks 
                          • Types of Cap Rock in Petroleum System
                          • Type 1
                          •  Type 2
                          • Type 3
                          • Characteristics of the Caprock
                          • Seal Capacity & Permeability
                          • Faulting & Fracturing
                          • Seal Thickness and Continuity
                          • The Preferred Seal Type 1 - Halite Caprocks
                          • The Preferred Seal Type 2 - Multiple Confining Layers
                          • Cautionary Note - The Importance of High Quality Seismic Surveys
                          • Video: What is CAPROCK
                          • Module Quiz
                        • Post-Test

                          Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.