Topic outline

  • Gas Production Engineering

    This course covers systematic techniques on gas production engineering for managers involved in the planning and development of new gas reservoir, production engineers, process engineers, petroleum engineers, geologists, geophysicists, field operation staffs, technicians in the gas processing industry, those who are directly involved in supervising gas production operations; and those who are involved in the negotiation of contracts for the sale of Natural Gas, LPG and NGL Products
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain an in-depth knowledge on gas production engineering Discuss natural gas composition, classification of hydrocarbons and basic properties of common paraffin hydrocarbons
      Identity the reservoir fluid types , hydrocarbons, raw natural gas, hydrocarbon gases and unconventional gas reservoir Differentiate conventional reservoir versus unconventional reservoir
      Recognize the various types of natural gas accumulation and describe the resource triangle Carryout well planning and well configuration as well as discuss pore pressure and fracture gradient
      Apply geology prediction, pore pressure prediction, casing depth selection and setting depth design procedures Employ production optimization, well performance and production system
      Identify reservoir fluid properties, phase behavior, segments and system analysis Identify tubing performance, factor affecting vertical lift, line size criteria and erosional velocity
      Recognize system analysis, production rate, tubing sizing and wellhead pressures Apply production optimization using nodal analysis and optimization procedure
      Identify the commonly accepted correlations , correlation recommendations, gas manifold system and digital automatic manifold systems Recognize the types of compressors, positive displacement, reciprocating compressors, single acting and acting compressor, rotary compressors and scroll type compressor
      Carryout oil and gas pipeline design, maintenance and repair as well as cathodic protection, sacrificial protection and underground metallic piping system for protection List the types of cathodic protection and explain galvanic anode system and impressed current systems
      Describe insulation tester and identify the criteria for cathodic protection Apply coating application procedures, integrity management strategy and managing system integrity of gas pipelines
      Illustrate the pipeline transportation systems for liquids and slurries Discuss API integrity related standards, rule of thumb and 7 steps strategy of troubleshooting
      Employ root cause analysis techniques, fishbone diagram, fault tree analysis, what if analysis technique and mind mapping Interpret furnaces, catalysis, catalytic reactors and startup after catalyst replacement/regeneration
      Apply hazard identification and risk assessment, control oil & gas hazard as well as discuss permit to work Perform emergency action plan and fire protection plan
      • Course Description

        This E-Learning course is designed to provide participants with a detailed and up-to-date overview of gas production engineering. It covers the natural gas composition, classification of hydrocarbons and basic properties of common paraffin hydrocarbons; the reservoir  fluid types  , hydrocarbons, raw natural gas, hydrocarbon gases and unconventional gas reservoir; the conventional reservoir versus unconventional reservoir; the various types of natural gas accumulation and resource triangle; the well planning and well configuration; and the pore pressure and fracture gradient; the geology prediction, pore pressure prediction, casing depth selection and setting depth design procedures
        Further, the course will also discuss the production optimization, well performance and production system. reservoir fluid properties, phase behavior, segments and system analysis; the tubing performance, factor affecting vertical lift, line size criteria and erosional velocity; the system analysis, production rate, tubing sizing and wellhead pressures; the production optimization using nodal analysis and optimization procedure; and the commonly accepted correlations
        During this course, participants will learn the gas manifold system and digital automatic manifold systems; the types of compressors, positive displacement, reciprocating compressors, single            acting and acting compressor, rotary compressors and scroll type compressor; the oil and gas pipeline design, maintenance and repair; the cathodic protection, sacrificial protection and underground metallic piping system for protection; the types of cathodic protection; the galvanic anode system and impressed current systems; the insulation tester and the criteria for cathodic protection; the coating application procedures, integrity management strategy and managing system integrity of gas pipelines; the pipeline transportation systems for liquids and slurries; the API integrity related standards,             rule of thumb and the 7 steps strategy of troubleshooting; the root cause analysis techniques, fishbone diagram, fault tree analysis, what if analysis technique and mind mapping; the furnaces, catalysis, catalytic reactors and startup after catalyst replacement/regeneration; the hazard identification and risk assessment, control oil & gas hazard; and the permit to work, emergency action plan and fire protection plan
        • Module 1 - Natural Gas Composition

          Contents:
            • Hydrocarbons
            • What is Petroleum?
            • Reservoir Barrel
            • Classification of Hydrocarbons 
            • Hydrocarbon Classification 
            • Basic Properties of Common Paraffin Hydrocarbons 
            • Properties of Some Alkanes 
            • "Reservoir Fluid Types "
            • The five reservoir fluids - How to differentiate between reservoir fluids?
            • "Structural Isomers of Butane, C4H10"
            • Raw Natural Gas Composition
            • Hydrocarbon Gases 
          • Module 2 - Natural Gas Composition

            Contents:
              • Kinetic Molecular Theory
              • Real Gases 
              • Characteristics of Gases 
              • Temperature
              • Pressure
              • STP
              • Video: Properties of Natural Gas
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Production from a Gas Reservoir

              Contents:
                • Outline
                • Unconventional Gas Reservoir
                • What is a Typical Unconventional Gas Reservoir?
                • Conventional Reservoir vs. Unconventional Reservoir
                • What are Unconventional Resources
                • Why Do We Need Unconventional Reservoirs?
                • Natural Gas Accumulation Types
                • Types of Natural Gas Resources
                • An Illustration of Various Types of Gas Deposits
                • Fracking for Natural Gas
                • Video: Fracking 101: why fracked gas is dirty and dangerous
                • The Resource Triangle
                • Summary
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Gas Production, Transportation, Processing and Storage

                Contents:
                  • What is Natural Gas? 
                  • Where Does Natural Gas Come From? 
                  • Gas Extraction 
                  • Processing
                  • Gas Transmission Pipelines 
                  • Compression
                  • Local Distribution Companies (LDCs) 
                  • Gas Deregulation 
                  • Video: How Deregulated Natural Gas Flaring Is Impacting Texas
                  • End Users 
                  • Gas Storage 
                  • Gas Demand 
                  • Gas Supply - Shift in Physical Gas Flows 
                  • Gas Pipeline Transportation 
                  • Distribution
                  • Pricing
                  • Gas Marketing 
                  • Units and Conversions 
                  • Glossary
                  • Natural Gas Storage Deficit 
                  • US Gas Demand by Quarter 1Q18-3Q19 
                  • Demand Forecasts-Industrial 
                  • Electricity Generation by Fuel Source 
                  • Summer Power Burns (May – September)
                  • Days with Power Gen > 30 Bcf/d (2010 to 2018 YTD during May through September)
                  • Exports and Imports Forecast 
                  • LNG Feed Gas Forecast 
                  • U.S. Natural Gas Storage Scenarios
                  • Natural Gas Storage Projections 
                  • Storage Deviation to 5-Year Average Historically Strong Correlation to Pricing 
                  • NYMEX NG Prices – Calendar Year (CY) Strips 
                  • Bull & Bear Summary 
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 5 - Well Planning

                  Contents:
                    • Typical Well Configuration 
                    • Pore Pressure and Fracture  Gradient 
                    • RKB & MSL 
                    • Well Depth Guidance 
                    • Wildcat to Development Well Correlation 
                    • Geology Prediction 
                    • Pore Pressure Prediction-Hydrostatic Pressure 
                    • Casing Depth Selection 
                    • Setting Depth Design Procedures 
                    • Setting Depth Selection for Intermediate and Deeper Strings 
                    • Video: Well Planning
                  • Module 6 - Production Optimization

                    Contents:
                      • Categories
                      • Production System
                      • "Reservoir Fluid"
                      • Phase Behavior 
                      • Video: Phase Behavior on a Pressure
                      • Segments
                      • System Analysis
                      • "In Flow Performance Relationship–IPR Curves"
                      • Tubing Performance (Outflow Performance)
                      • Factor Affecting Vertical Lift 
                      • Line Size Criteria 
                      • Erosional Velocity 
                      • "System Analysis (Combination of Inflow vs. Outflow)"
                      • Production Rate & Tubing Sizing 
                      • Production Rate & Wellhead Pressures 
                      • Production Optimization using Nodal Analysis 
                      • Applications
                      • Optimization Procedure
                      • Nodal Analysis
                      • Results
                      • "Commonly Accepted Correlations"
                      • Correlation Recommendations 
                      • "Computer Programs for System Analysis"
                      • Gas Manifold System
                      • "Digital Automatic Manifold Systems"
                      • Header
                      • Module Quiz
                    • Module 7 - Processing Natural Gas

                      Contents:
                        • Video: Oil & Gas Services: Natural Gas Processing
                        • Oil and Condensate Removal
                        • Water Removal
                        • Glycol Dehydration
                        • Solid-Desiccant Dehydration
                        • Separation of Natural Gas Liquids
                        • NGL Extraction
                        • The Absorption Method
                        • Pipes and Absorption Towers
                        • The Cryogenic Expansion Process
                        • Natural Gas Liquid Fractionation
                        • Sulfur and Carbon Dioxide Removal
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Module 8 - Types of Compressors

                        Contents:
                          • What is Compressor?
                          • How They Are Different From Pumps 
                          • Why We Need?
                          • Classification
                          • Positive Displacement 
                          • Reciprocating Compressors 
                          • Single Acting Compressor 
                          • Double Acting Compressor 
                          • Intercooler in Multi-stage 
                          • Diaphragm Type 
                          • Working
                          • Advantages
                          • Applications
                          • Rotary Compressors 
                          • Scroll Type Compressor 
                          • Working Principle 
                          • Advantages of Scroll Compressors 
                          • Disadvantages of Scroll Compressors 
                          • Liquid Ring Type 
                          • Video: Types of Air Compressors
                          • Module Quiz
                        • Module 9 - Gas Metering Systems

                          Contents:
                            • Purpose
                            • Features
                            • Components
                            • Auxiliary Equipment and Software for Integrated Metering Systems
                            • Module Quiz
                          • Module 10 - Oil and Gas Pipeline Design, Maintenance and Repair

                            Contents:
                              • Overview
                              • Eclectic Cell 
                              • Example of Corroded Pipe 
                              • Cathodic Protection 
                              • Basic Terms 
                              • Typical Magnisum Anode 
                              • Sacrificial Protection 
                              • Underground Metallic Piping  System for Protection 
                              • Means of Potential 
                              • Pipe to Soil Potential 
                              • Reference Electrode 
                              • Typical Meter Installation  Accidental Contact 
                              • Stray Current 
                              • Galvanic Potential of Metals 
                              • Fundamental Corrosion Theory 
                              • Types of Cathodic Protection 
                              • Galvanic Anode System 
                              • Impressed Current Systems 
                              • Determining the Need to Cathodically  Protect Gas Distribution System 
                              • Meter Installation Electrically Isolated 
                              • An Insulated Compression Coupling 
                              • Insulation Tester 
                              • Criteria for Cathodic Protection 
                              • Video: Cathodic Protection Demonstration
                              • Criteria 1 
                              • Coatings
                              • Patching
                              • Coating Application Procedures 
                              • Causes of Corrosion (Shorted meter set) 
                              • Causes of Corrosion (Dissimilar Surface Conditions)
                              • Causes of Corrosion (Galvanic Corrosion)
                              • Causes of Corrosion (Poor Construction Practice)
                              • Causes of Corrosion (Atmospheric Corrosion) 
                              • Pipeline Stress Corrosion  Cracking (SCC)
                              • SCC Propensity 
                              • High pH SCC Integrity  Management Strategy 
                              • If SCC Susceptible 
                              • Near-Neutral pH SCC 
                              • Module Quiz
                            • Module 11 - Hot-Tap & Linestop

                              Contents:
                                • Fittings & Accessories - Hot-Tap 
                                • Fittings & Accessories - Linestop 
                                • Hot-Tap Service 
                                • Linestop Services 
                                • Services Reliability & Experience 
                                • Hot-Tap & Linestop Equipment 
                                • Tecpesa Equipment & Spare Parts
                                • After Sales Service & Spare Parts 
                                • Video:  Hot Tap & Line Stop Demo
                              • Module 12 - Overview of Mechanical Integrity (MI)

                                Contents:
                                  • Definition 
                                  • Description 
                                  • Mechanical Integrity  Management Program  (MIMP)
                                  • Regulations, Standards & Codes 
                                  • OSHA Regulation 1910.119 
                                  • Managing System Integrity of  Gas Pipelines (ASME B31.8S) 
                                  • Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquids  and Slurries (ASME B31.4)
                                  • API Integrity Related Standards 
                                  • Wrapping Up 
                                  • Video: Requirement 8 of PSM - Mechanical Integrity
                                  • Module Quiz
                                • Module 13 - Troubleshooting Part 1

                                  Contents:
                                    • Training Goals 
                                    • What is Troubleshooting? 
                                    • Introduction
                                    • Why do we Need Successful TS? 
                                    • Advantages of Successful TS 
                                    • Safety and Troubleshooting 
                                    • Video: Smart Safety  - Application Troubleshooting with GuardLink
                                    • Types of Troubles 
                                    • Categories of Troubles 
                                    • Properties of Troubles 
                                    • Five Key Elements Common to the TS Process 
                                    • Characteristics of Skilled Problem Solvers 
                                    • Use of Computational Techniques 
                                    • Review
                                    • Initial Questions of Troubleshooting 
                                    • Laboratory Analysis 
                                    • Important Note 
                                    • General Rules of Thumb and  Typical Causes 
                                    • Meaning of Rule of Thumb 
                                    • Common Faults for First Time  Startup 
                                    • Frequency of Failures Based on Type of Equipment 
                                    • Important Note
                                    • Rules of Thumb for People 
                                    • 7 Steps Strategy of Troubleshooting 
                                    • Engage Yourself or Hook up 
                                    • Advantages of Systematic Approach 
                                    • TS Strategy 
                                    • How to Select an Action 
                                    • TS/Root Cause Analysis Techniques 
                                    • Fishbone Diagram 
                                    • Fault Tree Analysis 
                                    • Advantages of FTA 
                                    • Case Study
                                    • Fault Tree Analysis 
                                    • 5 Whys 
                                    • What if Analysis Technique 
                                    • Mind Mapping 
                                    • Process Trouble Shooting Sheet
                                    • Module Quiz
                                  • Module 14 - Troubleshooting Part 2

                                    Contents:
                                      • 1. Rules of Thumb for Centrifugal Pumps TS 
                                      • What are Centrifugal Pumps? 
                                      • Important Terms 
                                      • Minimum Flow 
                                      • Capacity
                                      • Centrifugal Pumps TS Rules  of Thumb 
                                      • Capacity Curve 
                                      • Distillation
                                      • Sections of Distillation Tower 
                                      • Rules of Thumb for Distillation Column 
                                      • Rules of Thumb for Control  System 
                                      • Instruments Sonsors Faults 
                                      • Control Valve Faults 
                                      • Rules of Thumb for Furnace  Operation 
                                      • Furnaces
                                      • Rules of Thumb for Catalytic Reactors 
                                      • Catalysis
                                      • Terms
                                      • Reactor Problems 
                                      • Rules of Thumb for Catalytic  Reactors 
                                      • Catalytic Reactors 
                                      • Startup After Catalyst Replacement/Regeneration 
                                      • Rules of Thumb for Reactors 
                                      • Case Study: High Differential Pressure of Diesel  Hydroteator Reactor
                                      • Reciprocating Compressor 
                                      • 10 Important Troubleshooting  Guidelines 
                                      • Module Quiz
                                    • Module 15 - Why HSE is So Important in Oil & Gas

                                      Contents:
                                        • Gas Processing Associated HSE Issues and Controls
                                        • Piper Alpha Platform, UK North Sea 
                                        • BP Macondo – Deepwater Horizon, US Gom 
                                        • Understanding Hazard and Risk 
                                        • Risk
                                        • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment 
                                        • Sample of Consequence Table 
                                        • Sample of Risk Assessment Table 
                                        • Controlling the Hazard - Principle 
                                        • Oil & Gas Hazards 
                                        • Controlling Oil & Gas Hazard
                                        • Human Factor in Hazards Control 
                                        • Bosiet
                                        • Incident Definition 
                                        • Swiss Cheese Models 
                                        • Occupational Injury 
                                        • HSE Statistics 
                                        • Permit to Work (PTW)
                                        • Personal Protective Equipments 
                                        • Safety Campaign 
                                        • Video: Oil and Gas Safety 101- ⚠️ Being Aware of Hazards While Working in the Oil Field
                                        • Module Quiz
                                      • Module 16 - Emergency Action Plan

                                        Contents:
                                          • OSHA Requirements 1910.38(a) Employee Emergency Plan Elements 
                                          • Why are We Concerned? 
                                          • What are the  Most Common Types of Emergencies? 
                                          • What is Your Emergency Response Procedure? 
                                          • Key Questions 
                                          • When Does it Begin? 
                                          • Evacuation
                                          • Procedures
                                          • Alarm System 
                                          • Training Requirements 
                                          • Fire Protection Plan 
                                          • Workplace Fire Hazards 
                                          • Housekeeping
                                          • Training Recommendations 
                                          • Summary
                                          • Video: Emergency Action Plans 
                                          • Module Quiz
                                        • Module 17 - Gas Sales Agreements

                                          Contents:
                                            • Types of Natural Gas 
                                            • Petroleum Contract Provisions 
                                            • AIPN 2012 Model JOA Natural Gas Provisions 
                                            • AIPN 2012 Model JOA 
                                            • Challenges to Implementing Gas Projects 
                                            • Crude Oil Value Chain 
                                            • LNG Value Chain 
                                            • Video: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) value chain
                                            • Challenges to Implementing Gas Projects 
                                          • Post-Test

                                            Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.