Topic outline

  • Water Management & Quality

    This course covers systematic techniques on water management and quality for analytical chemists, engineers, technicians, scientist, analysts and other technical staff involved in water quality analysis and testing.

    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain an in-depth knowledge on water management and quality Carryout produced water treatment, processes and primary, secondary and tertiary treatments
      Employ innovation and oilfield produced water management practices Discuss the origin and fate of oilfield produced water as well as the constituents of produced water
      Apply produced water management practice and explain hydrogeology and groundwater, aquifer properties/parameters, pores, porosity and permeability Discuss the relation between k and grain-size distribution and describe the k in geologic formation
      Determine water transmitting parameter, transmissivity, storage parameter, cone of depression and groundwater exploration Implement geologic methods, selection of site for a well and remote sensing and applications
      Identify the advantages of remote sensing technique and apply surface geophysical methods and electric resistivity method Describe profiling or lateral traversing, seismic refraction method, geologic logging and drilling time log
      Explain geophysical logging/ borehole geophysics, resistivity logs, spontaneous potential logging, radiation logging, natural-gamma logging, gamma-gamma logging, neutron logging, temperature logging and caliper logging Recognize the types of wells and methods of construction as well as the fundamentals of produced water treatment in the oil and gas industry
      Illustrate hydrocarbon production, conventional PW treatment, unconventional PW disposal and unconventional PW treatment Apply upstream sludge management, produced water treatment, gravity separation and centrifugal separation
      Illustrate flotation processes, flotation and filtration process and recycling produced water Employ advanced produced water treatment and discuss membrane distillation, reverse osmosis, resource recovery and oilfield water recycling
      Carryout O&G exploration and production operations as well as identify the wastewater composition, quantity and water management options Apply analytical methods applied to oil and gas waste streams and demonstrate social responsibility in water management
      Illustrate sampling and sample handling, sampling methods, sample preservation and sample accountability Employ produced water treatment to enhance oil recovery
      Recognize petroleum refining and petrochemicals typical wastewater treatment system and technologies Perform water quality assessment and discuss drinking water analyzing standards
      Identify the required and recommended values for drinking water and apply water classification according to usage
      • Course Description

        This E-Learning course is designed to provide participants with a detailed and up-to-date overview of water management and quality. It covers the produced water treatment, processes and primary, secondary and tertiary treatments; the innovation and oilfield produced water management practices; the origin and constituents of oilfield produced water; the produced water management practice; the hydrogeology and groundwater, aquifer properties/parameters, pores, porosity and permeability; the relation between k and grain-size distribution; the k in geologic formation; and the water transmitting parameter, transmissivity, storage parameter, cone of depression and groundwater exploration
        Further, the course will also discuss the geologic methods, selection of site for a well and remote sensing and applications; the advantages of remote sensing technique, surface geophysical methods and electric resistivity method; the profiling or lateral traversing, seismic refraction method, geologic logging and drilling time log; and the geophysical logging/borehole geophysics, resistivity logs, spontaneous potential logging, radiation logging, natural-gamma logging, gamma-gamma logging, neutron logging, temperature logging and caliper logging
        During this course, participants will learn the types of wells and methods of construction; the fundamentals of produced water treatment in the oil and gas industry; the hydrocarbon production, conventional PW treatment, unconventional PW disposal and unconventional PW treatment; the upstream sludge management, produced water treatment, gravity separation and centrifugal separation; the flotation processes, flotation and filtration process and recycling produced water; the advanced produced water treatment; the membrane distillation, reverse osmosis, resource recovery and oilfield water recycling; the &G exploration and production operations; the wastewater composition, quantity and water management options; the analytical methods applied to oil and gas waste streams; the social responsibility in water management; the sampling and sample handling, sampling methods, sample preservation and sample accountability; the produced water treatment to enhance oil recovery; the petroleum refining and petrochemicals typical wastewater treatment system and technologies; the water quality assessment and drinking water analyzing standards; the required and recommended values for drinking water; and the water classification according to usage
        • Module 1 -Produced Water Treatment Overview

          Contents:
            • Theme Description 
            • Processes
            • Primary Treatments
            • Secondary Treatments 
            • Tertiary Treatments
            • Projects and Innovation 
            • Oilfield Produced Water Management Practices
            • Outline
            • What is Produced Water? Origin and Source 
            • Importance of Oilfield Produced Water 
            • Constituents of Produced  Water 
            • Produced Water Management Practice 
            • Where Did Earth's Water Come From?
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - Hydrogeology and Groundwater

            Contents:
              • Groundwater Movement
              • Recap
              • Aquifer Properties/Parameters
              • Pores, Porosity and Permeability
              • Relation Between K and Grain-Size Distribution
              • Water Transmitting Parameter 
              • Storage Parameter
              • Cone of Depression
              • Exploration of Groundwater
              • Video: Hydrogeology 101: Groundwater exploration strategy
              • Geologic Methods
              • Relationship Between Geology and Groundwater
              • Selection of Site for a Well
              • Remote Sensing 
              • Surface Geophysical Methods
              • Electric Resistivity Method 
              • Profiling or Lateral Traversing
              • Interpretation
              • Seismic Refraction Method
              • Subsurface Exploration
              • Geologic Logging
              • Drilling Time Log
              • Geophysical Logging/Borehole Geophysics
              • Resistivity Log
              • Spontaneous Potential (SP) Logging
              • Radiation Logging
              • Natural-Gamma Logging
              • Gamma-Gamma Logging
              • Neutron Logging
              • Temperature Logging
              • Caliper Logging
              • Groundwater Withdrawal
              • Types of Wells and Methods of Construction 
              • Well Construction Methods
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Fundamentals of Produced Water Treatment in the Oil and Gas Industry Part 1

              Contents:
                • Produced Water?
                • Hydrocarbon Production
                • Conventional vs. Unconventional
                • PW from Conventional Wells
                • PW Unconventional Wells
                • Unconventional PW Disposal
                • Unconventional PW Treatment
                • Flowback Water Contaminants
                • Fluids Used in Well Operations
                • Life Cycle of Produced Water with Regulatory Issues
                • Water in Upstream
                • Water as a Product
                • Regulatory Issues: Federal
                • Collaboration and Research: Water Knowledge Sharing
                • PW Management: Market & Treatment
                • Importance of PW Treatment
                • Industrial Water & Wastewater CapEx
                • Upstream Sludge Management
                • US O&G Water Services by Sector
                • O&G Water Services by Sector & Region
                • Upstream CapEx by Region & Technology
                • Upstream CapEx by Resource & Spending by Chemical
                • PW Volumes by Disposal Options & Off-Shore PW
                • Shale Play Water Market
                • Shale Play Water Cycle
                • Shale Play PW: Disposal Options
                • Fracking PW: Water Treatment
                • Shale Play PW: Cost & Water Trends
                • Contaminants: Water Treatment Challenges for PW
                • Produced Water Treatment
                • Produced Water - Important Characters and Current Preliminary Treatment Technologies - Oil/Solids/Water Separation
                • Introduction
                • Important Parameters - Oil
                • Applications - Conventional vs. Unconventional
                • Basic Theory
                • Importance of Particle Size
                • Coagulation & Flocculation
                • Gravity Separation
                • Centrifugal Separation
                • Flotation Processes
                • Walnut Shell Filter
                • Introduction
                • Video: Produced Water Treatment
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Fundamentals of Produced Water Treatment in the Oil and Gas Industry Part 2

                Contents:
                  • Recycling Produced Water
                  • Required Water Quality?
                  • Water Quality for Reuse? 
                  • PW Recycle Treatment
                  • Mid-Stream – A Paradigm Shift
                  • Disposal Remains a Key Option
                  • Flowback Water
                  • Fluids used for Unconventional Wells
                  • Advanced Produced Water Treatment
                  • Treating Produced Water for Beneficial Reuse
                  • What is Goal of Advanced Treatment
                  • Treating Produced Water for Beneficial Reuse  Four Technologies Making Progress
                  • Forward Osmosis
                  • Membrane Distillation
                  • Capacitive Deionization (CDI)
                  • Humidification Dehumidification (HDH)
                  • Other Technologies
                  • Motivation for Advanced Treatment
                  • Reverse Osmosis
                  • Reverse Osmosis Treatment Process
                  • RO Boron Rejection: pH dependent
                  • Reverse Osmosis Treatment Process  (presence of Ba2+, Ca2+ etc.)
                  • Mechanical Vapor Recompression Evaporator
                  • Crystallizers
                  • Vacuum Crystallizers
                  • Deep Well Disposal
                  • Video: Disposal Well Basics
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 5 - Wastewater not a Burden but a Valuable Resource

                  Contents:
                    • Definitions
                    • Context
                    • Consumption and WW Production 
                    • Sustainable Development Goals 
                    • Law, Policy, Governance 
                    • Policy-Making and Implementation 
                    • International Law 
                    • Protecting the Danube and the Black Sea 
                    • EU Law - Waste/Land 
                    • Resource Recovery 
                    • Water Reuse 
                    • Conclusions
                    • Video: Process water reuse - Reduce cost and environmental impact
                  • Module 6 - Oilfield Water Recycling: Challenges, Research, and Collaborations

                    Contents:
                      • O&G Exploacration & Production Operations 
                      • Water Use in Exploration & Production Operations 
                      • Wastewater Generation in Exploration & Production Operations 
                      • Wastewater Composition 
                      • Wastewater Quantity 
                      • Water Management Options 
                      • Oil & Gas Exploration and Production:  Potential Beneficial Reuses 
                      • Limitations: Cost of Treatment 
                      • Collaborative Programs to Advance Reuse 
                      • Industry-Academia Partnership 
                      • Academia – Industry Collaborative Research 
                      • Example of Ongoing Research: Advancing a Web Based Decision Support Tools (DST)  for Water Reuse in Unconventional O&G Development  
                      • Example of Ongoing Research: Engineered Osmosis for Advanced Pretreatment of  O&G Wastewater 
                      • Example of Ongoing Research: Forward Osmosis – Reverse Osmosis System Analyzer 
                      • Example of Ongoing Research: Advanced Biological Pretreatment 
                      • Analytical Methods Applied to  Oil and Gas Waste Streams 
                      • Research Needs 
                      • Practical Examples of Oilfield Water Recycling
                      • Water Management – the Past
                      • Water Management – the Present
                      • Water Management – the Future
                      • Recent TX Rule Changes 
                      • The Big Question 
                      • Charting a Logical Path 
                      • Saltwater Recycling Example 
                      • View Into 40,000bbl Clean Containment 
                      • Saltwater Recycling Example Plug in at SWD 
                      • Freshwater Recycling Example 
                      • Recycling Center – Hub for Water 
                      • New Trends 
                      • Concluding Remarks 
                      • Demonstrating Social Responsibility in Water Management
                      • Water Management in the Social Context – the (Not So) Technical Issues 
                      • What Are the Issues? 
                      • How is Water Use Communicated? 
                      • The Future of Produced Water Reuse 
                      • Challenges and Opportunities for Reuse 
                      • Video: How is water used in the energy industry?
                    • Module 7 - Water Samples

                      Contents:
                        • Sampling and Sample Handling 
                        • Types of Samples
                        • Sampling Methods
                        • Sample Contamination
                        • Sample Preservation
                        • Sample Holding Time
                        • Transmittal of Samples to the Laboratory
                        • Sample Receipt
                        • Disposal of Completed Samples
                        • Reporting Data
                        • Sample Accountability
                        • Preparations for Boiler Water Samples
                        • Collection
                        • Preservation and Storage
                        • Video: Water Sampling 101 - Packing and Shipping for Thermal Preservation
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Module 8 - Produced Water Treatment to Enhance Oil Recovery

                        Contents:
                          • Serving All Sectors of the Petroleum Industry 
                          • Oil & Gas Production Produced Water Treatment Process Map 
                          • Oil & Gas Production Water Injection/Reinjection 
                          • Oil & Gas Production Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) 
                          • Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals  Process Water Treatment 
                          • Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals  Typical Wastewater Treatment System 
                          • The Petroleum Industry Leader in Technology and  Application Experience 
                          • Video:  Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) Produced Water Treatment Pilot Walkthrough
                        • Module 9 - Wastewater Treatment Plants : Wastewater Resource Recovery Facilities

                          Contents:
                            • Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive (91/271/EEC1) 
                            • Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC2000) 
                            • Conventional Wastewater Plant Today 
                            • WWT Impact on Climate Change
                            • Climate Change Impact on WWT
                            • Modification of Biological Removal Rates
                            • Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Source (USA)
                            • GHG Emissions
                            • A New Paradigm for WWTP is Now Necessary
                            • What Can we Get From Wastewater?
                            • Energy
                            • Nutrient Recovery 
                            • Phosphorous
                            • Nitrogen and Phosphorous 
                            • Separation of Urine and Solids
                            • Other Value-added Materials
                            • List of Materials That Can Be Potentially Extracted From Wastewater
                            • Water Reuse
                            • Membrane Bioreactor (MBR)
                            • Video: Wastewater Treatment Plant
                            • Module Quiz
                          • Module 10 - Water Quality Assessment

                            Contents:
                              • Drinking Water Analyzing Standards
                              • Required and Recommended Values for Drinking Water
                              • Water Classification According to Usage 
                              • Goals
                              • Consents 1 Based on EU 91/271
                              • Consents 2 - Metals mg/l
                              • Justifiable Allowances
                              • Outside Urban Wastewater Directive 
                              • Overview of International Clean Water Acts
                              • World Bank Effluents Guidelines & Standards
                              • BP’s Environmental & Social Action Plan
                              • Discharged Wastewater Quality Standards
                              • Video: Water Quality Assessment
                              • Module Quiz
                            • Module 11 - Zero Liquid Discharge

                              Contents:
                                • Need for ZLD 
                                • Benefits of ZLD 
                                • ZLD Options 
                                • Key Steps of ZLD Process 
                                • RO Method 
                                • MVC Method 
                                • MVR Evaporator 
                                • Process 
                                • Crystalization 
                                • Sludge Management 
                                • RO Reject Management 
                                • Mechanical Vapor Recompression  Evaporation Plants 
                                • Salt Recovery and Reuse 
                                • Re-Use of Sewage 
                                • Emerging Technologies of ZLD 
                                • Emerging Technologies of ZLD
                                • Forward Osmosis
                                • Applications of ZLD 
                                • Video: Zero Liquid Discharge for a Potato Powerhouse
                                • Module Quiz
                              • Module 12 - Case Studies

                                Contents:
                                  • Main Objective of the System 
                                  • Produced Water Treatment System 
                                  • Produced Water Skim Tanks 
                                  • Water Injection 
                                  • Waste Water Treatment System 
                                  • Challenges
                                  • eGEMS
                                  • GEMS - Background 
                                  • GEMS - Issues 
                                  • eGEMS - Concept 
                                  • eGEMS - Outlines 
                                  • eGEMS | Application Overview 
                                  • eGEMS - Functionality/ Features 
                                  • eGEMS – Expected Benefits 
                                  • Network Architecture 
                                  • Software Specifications 
                                  • EGEMS - Home Page
                                  • New Well Creation 
                                  • Well Data Entry 
                                  • Hydrograph
                                  • Well Logs
                                  • Statistical Analysis
                                  • Water Quality Analysis
                                  • Plan for Data Migration 
                                  • Schedule
                                  • Future Road Map 
                                  • Implementation Issues 
                                • Post-Test

                                  Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.