Topic outline

  • Hydraulic Fracturing

    This course covers systematic techniques on hydraulic fracturing for petroleum engineers, production engineers, reservoir engineers, drilling engineers and others who have a basic understanding of hydraulic fracturing and need to enhance their knowledge about fracturing concepts and applications
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain an in-depth knowledge on hydraulic fracturing Discuss the effect of fracturing on production as well as proppant, conventional and unconventional reservoir and unconventional hydrocarbon resources
      Describe unconventional gas production and employ hydraulic fracturing technique Identify coalbed methane, tight & shale gas, fracture propagation and microseismic monitoring of fracs in a horizontal well
      Carryout fracture analysis and hydraulic fracturing as well as identify the four principal parameters Recognize dimensionless fracture conductivity and proppant selection methodology
      Apply fracture aperture calculations as well as differentiate hydraulic versus mean aperture Identify the effect of RM and RXO, fracture porosity & permeability and the potential environmental impacts
      Recognize the pros and cons of environmental and illustrate passive seismic analysis for reservoir monitoring and advanced hydraulic fracturing Apply hydraulic stimulation of reservoirs, perforation shots, hydraulic stimulation and passive seismic for reservoir monitoring
      Discuss focal mechanisms, vertical transverse isotropy and p-wave travel time inversion Illustrate hydraulic fracturing and oilfield life cycle as well as explain the fracture mechanism, rock stresses and bottomhole treating pressure (BHTP)
      Describe dimensionless fracture conductivity, fracture geometry, anatomy of fracture and hydraulic fracturing design Apply mini frac analysis, rate test and perforation criteria as well as identify conventional hydrajet/surgifrac tool and conventional and hydra jetting perforations
      Perform fluid efficiency test, finding closure pressure and decisions based on mini frac analysis Recognize conventional and conductor frac, design key parameters, conductor frac calculations concepts and conductor frac design criteria
      Employ frac treatment and identify fracturing fluids and materials, base fluids, breakers mechanism and proppant size selection criteria Expedite conductivity enhancer, foam fracturing, dual hydraulic fracturing, proppant storages and blender components
      Recognize liquid additives system, manifold components, wellhead isolation tool, hydraulic fracturing methodology and proppant placement concepts
      • Course Description

        This E-Learning course is designed to provide participants with a detailed and up-to-date overview of hydraulic fracturing. It covers the effect of fracturing on production as well as proppant, conventional and unconventional reservoir and unconventional hydrocarbon resources; the unconventional gas production and hydraulic fracturing technique; the coalbed methane, tight & shale  gas, fracture propagation and microseismic monitoring of fracs in a horizontal well; the fracture analysis and hydraulic fracturing; the four principal parameters, dimensionless fracture conductivity and proppant selection methodology; and the fracture aperture calculations

        Further, the course will also discuss the effect of RM and RXO, fracture porosity & permeability and the potential environmental impacts; the pros and cons of environmental; the passive seismic analysis for reservoir monitoring and advanced hydraulic fracturing; the hydraulic stimulation of reservoirs, perforation shots, hydraulic stimulation and passive seismic for reservoir monitoring; the focal mechanisms, vertical transverse isotropy and p-wave travel time inversion; the hydraulic fracturing and oilfield life cycle; and the fracture mechanism, rock stresses and bottomhole treating pressure (BHTP).

        During this course, participants will learn the dimensionless fracture conductivity, fracture geometry, anatomy of fracture and hydraulic fracturing design; the mini frac analysis, rate test and perforation criteria; the conventional hydrajet/surgifrac tool and conventional and hydra jetting perforations; the fluid efficiency test, finding closure pressure and decisions based on mini frac analysis; the conventional and conductor frac, design key parameters, conductor frac calculations concepts and conductor frac design criteria; the frac treatment, fracturing fluids and materials, base fluids, breakers mechanism and proppant size selection criteria; the conductivity enhancer, foam fracturing, dual hydraulic fracturing, proppant storages and blender components; and the liquid additives system, manifold components, wellhead isolation tool, hydraulic fracturing methodology and proppant placement concepts
        • Module 1 - Preface

          Contents:
            • Hydraulic Fracturing Preface
            • Introduction
            • Definitions
            • What is Hydraulic Fracturing?
            • “Unconventional” Gas Production
            • Conventional Reservoir
            • Unconventional Reservoir
            • Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources
            • “Unconventional” Gas Production
            • Coal Bed Methane
            • Extracting CBM
            • Tight & Shale Gas
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - Shale Gas

            Contents:
              • Video: What is Shale Gas?
              • Tight oil
              • Fracture propagation
              • Fracture Analysis
              • Objectives
              • Hydraulic Fracturing
              • Four Principal Parameters
              • Proppant Selection Methodology
              • Fracture Aperture Calculations
              • Hydraulic versus Mean Aperture
              • Example - Production versus Hydraulic Aperture
              • Production vs.Hydraulic Aperture
              • Effect of Rm and Rxo
              • Fracture Porosity
              • How is a Frac Designed?
              • Formation Stresses Shape the Fracture
              • Potential Environmental Impacts
              • Environmental pros and cons
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Passive Seismic Analysis for Reservoir

              Contents:
                • Advanced Hydraulic fracturing
                • Hydraulic Stimulation of Reservoirs
                • Video: Hydraulic Fracturing Stimulation
                • Perforation Shots
                • Hydraulic Stimulation
                • Passive Seismic for reservoir monitoring
                • Vertical Transverse Isotropy (Polar Anisotropy)
                • Conclusion
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Hydraulic Fracturing Basics

                Contents:
                  • Oilfield Life Cycle
                  • What is a Hydraulic Fracture?
                  • Why FRAC!
                  • How it Works!
                  • Fracture Mechanics
                  • Video: Basic Fracture Mechanics
                  • What are the three Earth Stresses?
                  • Rock Stresses
                  • Bottomhole Treating Pressure (BHTP)
                  • Net Pressure
                  • Predicting BH Pressure
                  • Dimensionless Fracture Conductivity
                  • Fracture Geometry
                  • Hydraulic Fracturing Design
                  • Rock Mechanics
                  • Formation Pressure Response
                  • Mini Frac Analysis
                  • Step Up Rate Test
                  • Step Down Test
                  • Determine the Most Efficient Solution
                  • Perforation Criteria
                  • Conventional HydraJet/SurgiFrac Tool
                  • Conventional Perforations
                  • Hydra Jetting Perforations
                  • Fluid Efficiency Test
                  • Finding Closure Pressure
                  • Decisions based on Mini Frac Analysis
                  • Conventional Frac
                  • Conductor Frac
                  • Introduction
                  • Conductor Frac Technology
                  • Design Key Parameters
                  • Conductor Frac Calculations Concept
                  • Conductor Frac Design Criteria
                  • How to Design?
                  • Conductor vs. Conventional
                  • Feedback
                  • Conductor Frac
                  • Gas well Case History (L. Safa Formation)
                  • Oil well Case History (High Perm. Formation)
                  • Conclusion
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 5 - Lacustina Formation

                  Contents:
                    • Lacustina Formation Study
                    • Formation Evaluation
                    • Lacustina Bed; Depth Interval (3430.0m – 3500.0m)
                    • Rock Mechanics
                    • Proposed Perforations for Frac Treatment
                    • Frac Treatment
                    • Fracturing Fluids and Materials
                    • Fracturing Fluids
                    • Base Fluids
                    • Gelling Agents
                    • pH Control Agents
                    • Clay Control Agent
                    • Surfactants
                    • Crosslinkers
                    • Breakers
                    • Breakers Mechanism
                    • Bactericides
                    • Proppant
                    • Natural Sand
                    • PermStim Fracturing Fluid Technology
                    • Expedite Conductivity Enhancer
                    • Fine Migration Experiment
                    • SandWedge Experiment
                    • SandWedge ABC
                    • Conductivity Vs Stress
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Module 6 - Foam Frac

                    Contents:
                      • Foam Fracturing
                      • CW-Frac Technology
                      • CW-Frac
                      • Case History (SPE 128322)
                      • Case Histories
                      • Well C Results
                      • Dual Fracturing Technique
                      • What we can do if we have
                      • The Problem
                      • Dual Hydraulic Fracturing “Settle Frac”
                      • Settle-Frac SPE Papers
                    • Module 7 - Access Frac Stimulation Service

                      Contents:
                        • What is Access Frac?
                        • BioVert Diverting Agent
                        • AccessFrac Intrastage diversion system
                        • Cluster Efficiency Challenge: 1
                        • Solution: AccessFrac Intrastage Diversion System
                        • Case History
                        • Equipment
                        • Frac Tanks
                        • Proppant Storages
                        • Components of Mountain Mover
                        • Blender
                        • Blender Components
                        • Blender Fluid Flow
                        • Dry Additives
                        • Liquid Additive System
                        • Sand Screws
                        • Mixing Tub
                        • Flow Meters
                        • Radioactive Densometer
                        • Proppant Storages
                        • Components of Mountain Mover
                        • High Pressure Pumps
                        • Halliburton Pumps
                        • HT 400 Pump
                        • Manifold
                        • Manifold Components
                        • Wellhead Isolation Tool
                        • Video: Proppant Silo System
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Post-Test

                        Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.