Topic outline

  • Production Technology

    This course covers systematic techniques on production technology for new production technologists, reservoir engineers, geoscientists, petrophysicists, well engineers, drilling engineers, well services personnel, production engineers, facility engineers, surface engineers and managers who want to maximize production and recovery
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain an in-depth knowledge on production technology Carryout workover operations and well maintenance as well as identify the well barriers, types of barriers and barrier classification
      Recognize surface barrier, structural barrier, geological barrier, down hole barrier and hydrostatic barriers Describe well integrity, high risk well, well completion types and well design considerations
      Illustrate generic well completion design process and the identify the factors affecting the well completion selection & design including the factors affecting well completion and workover design Classify completion and identify its various types including the typical artificial lift application range
      Apply completion productivity, nodal analysis and quantifying well flow performance Identify the risks of formation damage and maximize well productivity as well as apply drilling fluid selection, perforating and stimulation
      Apply key considerations in selecting stimulation method, completion equipment and design practices Employ tubing selection, completion design and well completion and identify the factors causing packer forces or tubing movement
      Apply slip and seal assembly, production logging and completion evaluation Identify the causes of fluid losses, mechanical well problems, well and completion problems and diagnosis reservoir flow problems
      Illustrate perforation and completion design, wellbore conditions while perforating and overbalanced perforating Recognize the factors affecting charge performance and shaped charge components
      Employ perforating techniques, initiation systems, charge normalization, optimum completion design and completion design procedure Classify formation and determine perforating under-balance to overcome total skin damage
      Carryout proper applications of wire line conveyed perforating and recognize firing systems, gun release and venting devices Apply dual completions, standard rod pump completions, perforation cleaning, under-balance perforating and perforation washing
      Recognize the pressure losses in oil production including the main types of artificial lift Determine beam pumping, electrical submersible pumps, artificial lift selection, squeeze cementing and formation damage
      Identify the common formation damage problems, factors, mechanisms and causes Describe partial penetration, flow efficiency, common formation damage mechanisms and organic deposition
      Employ mitigation methods, sandstone acidizing, stimulation techniques and matrix acidizing Recognize the acid-mutual solvent volume requirements and most mistakes found in the application of the acid-mutual solvent method
      Illustrate stimulation acidizing, hydraulic fracturing, carbonate acidizing, design of a matrix treatment and acid fracturing Review the response of carbonates to acid fracturing and identify the key factors in carbonate acidizing
      Discuss wormhole pattern from radial flow, workover planning and problem recognition Identify service unit functions, workover rigs functions and the tools used for well analysis
      Describe water production mechanisms as well as apply well analysis, well maintenance and workover operations Apply problem-well analysis and diagnosis and determine the conditions of the reservoir
      Carryout decline curve analysis, workover planning, cost estimate preparation and zone isolation techniques
      • Course Description

        This E-Learning course is designed to provide participants with a detailed and up-to-date overview of production technology. It covers the workover operations and well maintenance; the well barriers, types of barriers and barrier classification; the surface barrier, structural barrier, geological barrier, down hole barrier and hydrostatic barriers; the well integrity, high risk well, well completion types and well design considerations; the generic well completion design process; the factors affecting the well completion selection & design including the; factors affecting well completion and workover design; and the completion classification and its various types including the typical artificial lift application range
        Further, the course will also discuss the completion productivity, nodal analysis and quantifying well flow performance; the risks of formation damage; the drilling fluid selection, perforating and stimulation; the key considerations in selecting stimulation method, completion equipment and design practices; the tubing selection, completion design and well completion; the factors causing packer forces or tubing movement; the slip and seal assembly, production logging and completion evaluation; and the causes of fluid losses, mechanical well problems, well and completion problems and diagnosis reservoir flow problems
        Moreover, the course will also cover the perforation and completion design, wellbore conditions while perforating and overbalanced perforating; the factors affecting charge performance and shaped charge components; the perforating techniques, initiation systems, charge normalization, optimum completion design and completion design procedure; perforating under-balance to overcome total skin damage; the proper applications of wire line conveyed perforating; the firing systems, gun release and venting devices; the dual completions, standard rod pump completions, perforation cleaning, under-balance perforating and perforation washing; the pressure losses in oil production including the main types of artificial lift; the beam pumping, electrical submersible pumps, artificial lift selection, squeeze cementing and formation damage; and the common formation damage problems, factors, mechanisms and causes. 
        During this course, participants will learn the partial penetration, flow efficiency, common formation damage mechanisms and organic deposition; the mitigation methods, sandstone acidizing, stimulation techniques and matrix acidizing; the acid-mutual solvent volume requirements and most mistakes found in the application of the acid-mutual solvent method; the stimulation acidizing, hydraulic fracturing, carbonate acidizing, design of a matrix treatment and acid fracturing; the response of carbonates to acid fracturing; the key factors in carbonate acidizing; the wormhole pattern from radial flow, workover planning and problem recognition; the service unit functions, workover rigs functions and the tools used for well analysis; the water production mechanisms, well analysis, well maintenance and workover operations; the problem-well analysis and diagnosis; the conditions of the reservoir; and the decline curve analysis, workover planning, cost estimate preparation and zone isolation techniques
        • Module 1 - Introduction

          Contents:
            • Definitions
            • What is Completion?
            • Video: Process of Completing a Well
            • What is Workover Operations?
            • Well Maintenance
            • Major Workovers
            • Well Barriers
            • Well Barriers Theory
            • Barriers Theory
            • Types of Barriers
            • Mechanical Barriers Types
            • Mechanical Barriers
            • Hydrostatic Barriers
            • Barrier Classification
            • Surface Barrier
            • Geological Barrier
            • Down Hole Barrier
            • Hydrostatic Barriers
            • Example Barrier Classifications
            • Example Completion Barrier Envelopes
            • Completion Barriers
            • Well Integrity
            • Definition of Well Integrity
            • The Foundation of Well Integrity
            • Why is Well Integrity Important
            • High Risk Well
            • Well Integrity Assurance Task Force
            • Task Force Purpose and Scope
            • Well Completion Types
            • What is Completion?
            • Introduction
            • Well Design Considerations
            • Generic Well Completion Design Process
            • Factors Affecting Well Completion & Workover Design
            • Factors affecting the Well Completion Selection & Design
            • Completion Classifications
            • Types of Completion
            • Openhole Completions
            • Open Hole Completion Types
            • Advantages of Openhole Completions
            • Uncemented Liner Completions
            • Screen/Pre-perforated Liner Completion
            • Perforated Liner Completion
            • Cemented Liner Completion
            • Cased Hole Completion Type
            • Perforated Completions
            • Mode of Production Flowing Artificial Lift
            • Completions for Pumping Wells
            • Application Range
            • Typical Artificial Lift Application Range
            • Number of Zones Completion
            • Single String Flowing Well Completion
            • Single Completion
            • Multizone Completions
            • Multiple Zones Completion Schematics
            • Subsea Completion
            • Multi-Zone TFL Subsea Completion Schematic
            • Gas Producer Completions
            • Water Injection Completions
            • Horizontal Water Injection Completions
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - Completion Selection and Design Criteria

            Contents:
              • Functional Requirements
              • Drilling Considerations
              • Table 4: Effect of Casing and Tubing Size on Maximize Theoretical Capacity
              • Completion Productivity
              • Pure Losses in Well System
              • Inflow Performance Curve
              • Outflow Performance Curve
              • Uses of Nodal Analysis
              • Solution Node at Wellhead
              • Nodal Analysis
              • System Graph - Nodal Analysis
              • Reservoir Pressure Drop
              • Quantifying Well Flow Performance
              • Example of Nodal Program
              • Reservoir Inflow
              • Tubing Outflow
              • Tubing Outflow – Fluid Weight
              • Tubing Outflow – Friction Losses
              • Tubing Outflow – Well Head Pressure
              • The Oil Production Rate
              • The Oil Rate – Initial Conditions
              • The Oil Rate – Pressure Depletion
              • Declining Oil Rate – Options?
              • Improving Well Performance - Inflow
              • Improving Well Performance - Outflow
              • Nodal Analysis Basic Concepts
              • Completion Pressure Drop
              • In-Class Exercise
              • Solution
              • Tubing Size Effect
              • Water Cut Effect
              • Gas Liquid Ratio Effect
              • Flow Rate Effect
              • Formation Damage
              • Risks Of Formation Damage
              • Drilling Damage
              • Perforation Damage
              • Video: Formation Damaged
              • Fluids Damage
              • Sand Fill
              • Maximizing Well Productivity
              • Drilling Fluid Selection
              • Perforating
              • Through-tubing Perforating
              • Tubing Conveyed Perforations
              • Selection of Completion Fluids
              • Stimulation
              • Key Considerations in Selecting Stimulation Method
              • Summary
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Completion Equipment and Design

              Contents:
                • Tubing Selection
                • Completion Design
                • Tubing String Selection and Design Objectives
                • Tubing Material
                • Which Tubing Grade?
                • Tubing Grade Examples
                • Example of a Tubing-connection
                • Tubing Selection Criteria (Forces & Stresses -1)
                • Example of API tubing specification
                • Definitions
                • Tubing Selection Criteria (Forces & Stresses - 2)
                • Tubing Selection/Design Factors
                • Tubing - Detailed Specification
                • Tubing
                • Tubing Burst
                • Tubing Collapse
                • Tubing Tension
                • Video: Revealing Collapsed Tubing in a Gas Well
                • Bending Stresses
                • Couplings and Threads
                • Well COMPLETION
                • Packers
                • Packers Applications
                • Single Packer
                • Dual Packer
                • Packers-Mechanism
                • Packer Types
                • Retrievable Packers
                • Permanent Packers
                • Packer Permanents Vs. Retrievable
                • Permanent - Retrievable Packers
                • Inflatable Packers
                • Tubing / Packer Forces and Movement
                • Factors Causing Packer Forces or Tubing Movement
                • Mechanical Forces
                • Temperature or Thermal Effects
                • Piston Force Effects
                • Ballooning Effects
                • Buckling Effects
                • Slip and Seal Assembly
                • Anchors
                • Seating Nipples
                • Landing Nipples
                • Purposes of Seating Nipples
                • Landing Nipple and Flow Coupling
                • Selective Landing Nipples
                • No-go Landing Nipples
                • Sliding Sleeves
                • Well COMPLETION
                • Sliding Sleeve Side Door - SSD
                • Uses of Sliding Sleeves
                • Side Pocket Mandrels
                • Blast Joints
                • Flow Couplings
                • Subsurface Safety Valves
                • Flow-Controlled Safety Valves
                • Surface-controlled Subsurface Safety Valves (SCSSSVs)
                • SSSV Setting Depth
                • Bottom-hole Chokes and Regulators
                • Expansion Joint
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Production Logging

                Contents:
                  • Why Production Logging?
                  • What is Production Logging?
                  • Completion Evaluation
                  • Causes of Fluid Losses
                  • Cased Hole Logging Sensors Overview
                  • Cased Hole Logging
                  • Mechanical Well Problems
                  • Well and Completion Problems
                  • Diagnosis Reservoir Flow Problems
                  • Standard Production Logging Suite
                  • Temperature Log Response
                  • Summary
                • Module 5 - Perforation & Completion Design

                  Contents:
                    • Wellbore Conditions While Perforating
                    • Overbalanced Perforating
                    • Shaped Charge Perforator
                    • The Perforation Process
                    • Factors Affecting Charge Performance
                    • Shaped Charge Components
                    • Perforating Techniques
                    • Reusable Hollow Carrier Gun
                    • Expendable Shaped Charge Gun
                    • Parameters Affecting Performance
                    • Pivot Gun
                    • Hollow Carrier
                    • Wire-line Expendable Guns
                    • Expendable Guns
                    • Initiation Systems
                    • Factors Affecting Perforating Efficiency
                    • Drilling and Perforating Damage
                    • Gravel Pack Screens
                    • Wellhead Pressure Control Equipment
                    • Charge Normalization
                    • Optimum Completion Design
                    • Productivity Ratio
                    • Formation Definitions
                    • Completion Design Procedure
                    • Classify Formation
                    • Determining Perforating Under-balance to Overcome Total Skin Damage
                    • Acoustic Data to Determine Δp
                    • Video: Underbalance Perforating
                    • Tubing Conveyed Perforating
                    • Applications of Wire Line Conveyed Perforating
                    • Tubing Conveyed Perforating
                    • Firing Systems
                    • Gun Release
                    • Venting Devices
                    • Shot Detection
                    • Gun Positioning
                    • Dual Completions
                    • Standard Rod Pump Completions
                    • Perforation Cleaning
                    • Under-balance Perforating
                    • Perforation Washing
                    • Back-surging
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Module 6 - Artificial Lift

                    Contents:
                      • Objectives
                      • Pressure Losses in Oil Production
                      • Main Types of Artificial Lift
                      • Gaslift
                      • Gas Lifted Well
                      • Kick-off (Continuous)
                      • Gas Lift is Preferred For
                      • Pumping
                      • Artificially Lifted Well – Downhole Pump
                      • Pumping - Best Applied When
                      • Beam Pumping
                      • Conventional Beam Pump
                      • Pump Action
                      • Electrical Submersible Pumps
                      • ESP with Y-Tool
                      • Hydraulic Pumping
                      • Jet Pumping
                      • Selection of Artificial Lift
                      • Summary
                      • Video: Artificial Lift
                      • Module Quiz
                    • Module 7 - Squeeze Cementing

                      Contents:
                        • Introduction
                        • Purposes of Squeeze Cementing
                        • Squeeze Terminology
                        • Squeeze Techniques
                        • Braden Head Squeeze Method
                        • Squeeze-packer Method
                        • Squeeze Pressure Requirements
                        • Squeezing Fractured Zones
                        • Slurry Design
                        • Squeeze Packers
                        • Drillable Packers
                        • Retrievable Squeeze Packer
                        • Testing Squeeze Jobs
                        • Summary
                        • Video: Thru Tubing Cement Squeeze
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Module 8 - Formation Damage

                        Contents:
                          • Introduction Definitions
                          • Formation Damage Impact
                          • Reservoir Pressure Profile
                          • Formation Damage Causes
                          • Drilling Fluid Damage
                          • Common Formation Damage Problems, Factors, and Mechanisms
                          • Injection Damage
                          • Production Damage
                          • Formation Damage Characterization
                          • Cause of Formation Damage
                          • Formation Damage Location
                          • Scale
                          • Solids/Particles Effects in Porous
                          • Drilling Damage
                          • Perforations
                          • Completion Fluids Damage
                          • Water Block Damage
                          • Damage Due to Production
                          • Damage Quantified through Skin Factor & Productivity Index
                          • Skin
                          • Radial Production and Skin
                          • Geometric Skin
                          • Partial Penetration
                          • Completion Skin
                          • Gravel Pack
                          • Productivity Index
                          • Flow Efficiency
                          • Formation Damage
                          • Potential Sources of Formation
                          • Common Formation Damage Mechanisms
                          • Extraneous Materials
                          • Organic Deposition
                          • Mitigation Methods
                          • Treatment Fluids
                          • Video: Formation Damage
                          • Module Quiz
                        • Module 9 - Sandstone Acidizing

                          Contents:
                            • What Is Well Stimulation?
                            • Well Stimulation
                            • Objectives of Acid Stimulation
                            • Stimulation Techniques
                            • Matrix Acidizing
                            • Video: Matrix Acidizing
                            • Chemical Stimulation Without Acid
                            • Mineral Acids
                            • Oil Well Stimulation
                            • Gas Wells
                            • Water Injection Wells
                            • Acid-Mutual Solvent Volume Requirements
                            • Mistakes Found in the Application of the Acid-Mutual Solvent Method
                            • Stimulation Acidising
                            • Acids Used for Well Stimulation
                            • Additives for Acid Treatments
                            • Hydraulic Fracturing
                            • Module Quiz
                          • Module 10 - Carbonate Acidizing

                            Contents:
                              • Matrix Stimulation
                              • Design of a Matrix Treatment
                              • Acid Fracturing
                              • Response of Carbonates to Acid Fracturing
                              • Stoichiometry
                              • Kinetics of HCl Reaction
                              • Key Factors in Carbonate Acidizing
                              • Wormhole Penetration vs. Skin
                              • Acid Reactivity
                              • Mineral versus Organic Acids
                              • Injection Rates: Dissolution Patterns
                              • Impact of Pump Rate and Temperature
                              • Wormhole Pattern from Radial Flow
                              • Pore Level Model
                              • Placement
                              • Conclusions
                            • Module 11 - Workover Planning & Problem Recognition

                              Contents:
                                • What is a Workover?
                                • Workover Methods
                                • Reasons for Working Over a Well
                                • Service Unit Functions
                                • Workover Rigs Functions
                                • What is the Tools used for Well Analysis?
                                • Well Analysis Tools
                                • Characteristic of Problem Wells
                                • Water Control Problem Identification & Solutions Problem Types
                                • Water Production Mechanisms
                                • Well Analysis
                                • The Well Maintenance Requirements for a Completion
                                • Workover Types
                                • 1. Stimulation
                                • 2. Workover Involving Drilling
                                • Workover Operations
                                • Summary of Common Problems & Workover Operations
                                • Workover Profitability
                                • Problem-Well Analysis and Diagnosis
                                • What Happens to a Dead Well?
                                • Step by Step Well Diagnosis
                                • 1. Study the Mechanical History
                                • 2. Study the Geologic Data
                                • 3. Determine the Conditions of the Reservoir
                                • Reservoir Pressure History
                                • 4. Well Production History
                                • Decline Curve Analysis
                                • P/Q Curves
                                • 5. Well Service and Workover History
                                • 6. Compare Well History with Offset Wells
                                • Workover Planning
                                • Video: Workover Planning
                                • Some Workover Considerations
                                • Workshop
                                • A Well has been Sanded-Up and is Dead
                                • Justification of Workovers
                                • Economic Evaluation of Workovers
                                • Preparation of the Cost Estimate
                                • Some Important Considerations
                                • Economic Evaluation of Projects
                                • A Well has been Sanded-Up and is Dead
                                • Cashflow Determination
                                • Module Quiz
                              • Module 12 - Zone Isolation Techniques

                                Contents:
                                  • Isolation of Perforated Zones Through Liner or Production Casing
                                  • Operation with W.O. Rig. Rigless Operation
                                  • Zonal Isolation
                                  • Packers
                                  • What is the Packer?
                                  • Why Run a Packer?
                                  • Packers Applications
                                  • Video: Production Packer
                                  • Casing Patch
                                  • Construction
                                  • Tie Back – Well 
                                  • Short Tie Back 
                                  • Scab Liner
                                  • EZ Drill Bridge Plug
                                  • EZSV
                                  • Module Quiz
                                • Post-Test

                                  Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.