Topic outline

  • Artificial Lift Methods

    This course provides an overview of all significant aspects and considerations of artificial lift methods for engineers with limited experience in the subject. Experienced engineers will also benefit from this course as it will serve as a refresher for their knowledge
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain a good working knowledge on artificial lift methods Basic knowledge of artificial lift, techniques, systems, procedures and processes
      Ability to identify requirements for anticipated artificial assistance to production, maximizing recovery in a cost-effective manner Ability to select and design of the proper production method (natural flow, gas lift, electrical submersible pumps, progressive cavity pumps, rod pumps, hydraulic pumps, among others)
      Recognize artificial lift system, phase behavior, inflow performance, water drive, recoverable reserves and ideal flow assumptions Carryout inflow performance prediction and well & reservoir inflow performance
      Identify the factors that affect oil production and apply oil production processes, well bore fluid calculations and artificial lift methods and equipment Illustrate oil production processes, primary recovery, thermal EOR methods and well optimization process
      Discuss electrical submersible pumps (ESP), hydraulic pumps, systematic approach and artificial lift method Describe operating gas lift valve, orifice valves, operating principle of the venturi, checks, latches and mandrels
      Employ check assembly, installation, removal, running procedures and pulling operation Illustrate design considerations, parameters selection, choose the best correlation and gas lift design methods
      Identify the effect of variables on gas lift process, compressor systems and the factor to consider when designing a compressor Apply production optimization, recognize the factor affecting pump selection, cable configuration, conductor - size selection and insulation selection
      Recognize typical hydraulic pumping systems, artificial lift, production characteristic and fluid properties
      • Course Description

        This E-Learning course is designed to provide participants with a detailed and up-to-date overview of artificial lift methods. It covers the artificial lift system, phase behavior, inflow performance, water drive, recoverable reserves and ideal flow assumptions; the inflow performance prediction and well & reservoir inflow performance; the factors that affect oil production and apply oil production processes, well bore fluid calculations and artificial lift methods and equipment; the oil production processes, primary recovery, thermal EOR methods and well optimization process; and the electrical submersible pumps (ESP), hydraulic pumps, systematic approach and artificial lift method
        During this course, participants will learn the operating gas lift valve, orifice valves, operating principle of the venturi, checks, latches and mandrels; the design considerations, parameters selection, choose the best correlation and gas lift design methods; the effect of variables on gas lift process, compressor systems; the factor to consider when designing a compressor; the production optimization; the factor affecting pump selection, cable configuration, conductor - size selection and insulation selection; and typical hydraulic pumping systems, artificial lift, production characteristic and fluid properties
        • Module 1 - Pressure Losses

          Contents:
            • Phase Behavior
            • Heavy Oils
            • Black Oils
            • Volatile Oils
            • Inflow Performance
            • Solution Gas Drive Main Producing Characteristics
            • Solution-Gas Drive in Oil Reservoirs Typical Production Characteristics
            • Gas-Cap Drive in Oil Reservoirs
            • Gas Cap Drive Main Producing Characteristics
            • Gas-Cap Drive in Oil Reservoirs Typical Production Characteristics
            • Video: Gas Cap
            • Water Drive in Oil Reservoirs Edgewater Drive
            • Water Drive in Oil Reservoirs Bottomwater Drive
            • Strong Water Drive Main Producing Characteristics
            • Water Drive in Oil Reservoirs Typical Production Characteristics
            • Water Drive in Oil Reservoirs Effect of Production Rate on Pressure
            • Inflow Performance
            • Inflow Performance Radial Flow
            • Ideal Flow Assumptions
            • Darcy Inflow
            • Productivity Index
            • Example
            • Solution
            • Darcy's Law
            • Darcy's Law for Radial Flow into a Wellbore
            • Unsuccessful Stimulation Job
            • Successful Stimulation Job
            • Darcy's Law for Radial Flow into a Wellbore
            • Inflow Performance Prediction
            • Darcy IPR Curve
            • Well & Reservoir Inflow Performance (Successful design depends upon prediction of flow rate)
            • Vogel IPR Curve
            • Straight line vs Vogel - Graphically
            • Vogel IPR
            • Well & Reservoir Inflow Performance
            • Inflow Performance Relationship - IPR
            • Combined IPR
            • Fetkovich Multiple Rate Tests
            • Multipoint Data
            • Fetkovitch IPR Curve
            • Ideal Flow Assumptions
            • Non-Ideal Flow
            • Non-Ideal Laminar Flow
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - Outflow Performance

            Contents:
              • Well & Reservoir Inflow Performance
              • Oil Production Processes
              • Outflow Performance and Multiphase Flow
              • Outflow Performance
              • Flow Regimes
              • Outflow Performance Multiphase Flow Patterns and Maps
              • Outflow Performance
              • Inflow Performance Curve
              • Tubing Curve
              • System Graph
              • System Graph – Nodal Analysis
              • Well Bore Fluid Calculations
              • Exercise 1a
              • Exercise 1b
              • Exercise 2
              • Correlations
              • Video: Correlations
              • Outflow Performance Multiphase Flow Correlations
              • Outflow Performance Vertical Lift Performance Curves
              • Reservoir Match
              • Outflow Performance Typical Outflow Performance Curves
              • How Wells Flow
              • Effect of Tubing Size on Outflow
              • Effect of Skin on IPR
              • Effect of Pressure Depletion on IPR
              • The Oil Rate – Initial Conditions
              • Pressure Depletion Effect on Oil Rate
              • The Oil Rate – Initial Conditions
              • Declining Oil Rate – Options?
              • Improving Well Performance - Inflow
              • Improving Well Performance - Outflow
              • Impact of Reducing FTHP
              • Impact of Increasing Tubing Size
              • Class Problem # 1
              • Solution
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Artificial Lift: Overview of Methods and Equipment

              Contents:
                • Oil Production Processes
                • Primary Recovery
                • Thermal EOR Methods
                • Non-thermal EOR Methods
                • Well & Reservoir Inflow Performance
                • Factors Effecting VLP
                • Well Performance
                • Video: Inflow and Outflow Performance
                • IPR Change After Some Reservoir Depletion
                • What Happens When TPC and IPR Curves No Longer Meet?
                • Artificial Lift
                • Factors that Cause Reduction of Flow
                • Lift — When Needed?
                • Artificial Lift - Why?
                • Stimulation and Artificial Lift
                • The Principle of Artificial Lift
                • Artificial Lift Decreases BHP & Increase Rate
                • Artificial Lift Options
                • Typical Scope of Production Engineer
                • Well Optimization Process
                • Identifying the Well Potential
                • Dead Well
                • Artificially Lifted Well – Downhole Pump
                • Artificially Lifted Well – Gas Lift
                • Conversion to ESP 
                • Challenge Questions
                • Popular Lift Types
                • Lift Mechanisms
                • Systematic Approach
                • Module Quiz
            • Module 4 - Gas Lift

              Contents:
                • Gas Lift Concept
                • Types of Gas Lift
                • Gas Lift System
                • Relative Advantages and Disadvantages of Gas Lift Systems
                • Types of Gas Lift Application
                • Continuous Gas Lift
                • Why Does Oil Rate Decrease?
                • Gas Lift as an Artificial Method
                • Intermittent Flow Gas Lift 
                • Intermittent Lift
                • Gas Lift System
                • Gas Lift
                •  Gas Lift System Considerations
                • Gas Lift Mandrels
                • Troubleshooting
                • Video: Gas Lift Mandrels
                • Gas Lift Method
                • Dual Gas Lift Challenges
                • Continuous Flow Unloading Sequence
                • Unloading Sequence
                • Recommended Practices Prior to Unloading
                • GL Well Unloading Sequence
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 5 - Unloading Procedure

                Contents:
                  • Tubing and Casing Pressure Records
                  • Gas-Lift Valves
                  • Gas Lift Equipment
                  • Gas Lift Valve Mechanics
                  • Production Pressure Operated Valves
                  • Valve Opening & Closing Pressures
                  • Video: Production Pressure Operated Valves
                  • Pressure and Force Relationship
                  • Gas Lift Valves Close in Sequence
                  • GL Equipment Overview: Unloading Valves
                  • Operating Gas Lift Valve
                  • Orifice Valves
                  • Operating Principle of the Venturi
                  • Checks, Latches & Mandrels
                  • Check Assembly
                  • Latch
                  • Side Pocket Mandrel
                  • Mandrel Component
                  • Installation and Removal
                  • Kickover Tool
                  • Running Procedures
                  • Pulling Operation
                  • Design Considerations
                  • Parameters Selection
                  • Horse Power Requirement
                  • Choose the Best Correlation
                  • Gas Lift Design Methods
                  • Collect Well Data for Design
                  • Artificial Lift Gas Lift Valve Spacing Example
                  • Integrating Gas Lift/Gas Compression Systems
                  • Two Pen Chart Pressure Recordings
                  • Effect of Variables on Gas Lift Process
                  • Effect of PI
                  •  Compressor Systems
                  • Closed Rotative Gas Lift System
                  • Factor to Consider When Designing a Compressor
                  • Gas Pressure Loss 
                  •  Compressor Systems
                  • Single Well Optimisation
                  • Production Optimization
                  • Gas Lift Well’s Optimization
                  • Gas Lift Optimization
                  • Gas Optimum Per Field
                  • Gas Lift Well Troubleshooting
                  • Heading - Instabilities - Slugging
                  • Tubing Heading
                  • Casing/Annulus Heading
                  • Reasons for Surging
                  • Surging Solving
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 6 - Rod Pumps

                  Contents:
                    • Beam Pump
                    • Sucker Rod Pumping
                    • Factor Affecting Pump Selection
                    • Conventional Beam Pump
                    • Prime Mover
                    • Internal Combustion Engine 
                    • Electrical Motor
                    • Video: Beam Pump and Prime Movers
                    • Motor Requirements
                    • Gear Box
                    • Saddle Bearing
                    • Rod String
                    • Polished Rod
                    • Stroke Length
                    • Stuffing Box and Polished Rod
                    • Lubricator
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Module 7 - ESP

                    Contents:
                      • Introduction
                      • Historical Perspective
                      • The Basic ESP System
                      • Head
                      • Head Curve
                      • Centrifugal Pumps
                      • Mixed Flow Stage
                      • Radial Flow Stage
                      • Floater Pump
                      • Compression Pump
                      • When to Use Compression Pump
                      • System Components
                      • ESP - Motor
                      • ESP - Motor Selection
                      • Main Components
                      • Stator
                      • Stator - Housing
                      • Stator — Housing Size
                      • Stator - Stator Core: Lamination
                      • Stator - Winding
                      • Rotor
                      • ESP Protector
                      • Protector Functions
                      • Intakes and Gas Separators
                      • Standard Intake
                      • Gas Separators
                      • Why Gas is Separated?
                      • Key Parameters Determining Amount of Gas 
                      • Alternatives to Handle Gas Problem
                      • Static (Reverse Flow) Gas Separator
                      • Dynamic Gas Separators
                      • Gas Separators Efficiency
                      • Video: ESP Protector
                      • Some Factors Impacting the Natural and Mechanical Separation
                      • Wellbore Orientation
                      • Gas Handling Device Principle
                      • Types of Gas Handling Device
                      • AGH Application
                      • Gas Separator - Handling Device Performance Comparison
                      • Typical ESP Application
                      • ESP - Power Cable
                      • ESP Cable
                      • Electrical Submergible Cable
                      • Cable Configuration
                      • ESP - Power Cable Components
                      • Conductor - Selection
                      • Conductor - Types
                      • Conductor - Size Selection
                      • Insulation Selection
                      • Insulation Types
                      • Barrier Selection
                      • Barrier Types
                      • Jacket Selection
                      • Jacket Types
                      • Armor Selection
                      • Armor Types
                      • Armor Profile Types
                      • ESP Surface Equipment - Components
                      • ESP - Surface Equipment
                      • Module Quiz
                    • Module 8 - Transformers

                      Contents:
                        • Transformers – Single Phase
                        • Motor Controller
                        • Switchboard
                        • Switchboard — Components
                        • Variable Speed Drive (VSD)
                        • Junction Box / Vent Box
                        • Surface Cable
                        • Wellhead Penetrator
                        • Wellhead Penetrator / Pack Off
                        • Coiled Tubing Deployed Pumping Systems (CTDPS)
                        • ESP Completion 
                        • ESP Optimization
                        • Pump Recommended Operating Range
                        • Pump Performance Curve
                        • Handling Corrosive Environment
                        • Production of Fluid with Tendency to Form Scale
                        • ESP Power Cable Incorporating Capillary Tube
                        • Producing Viscous Fluid
                        • ESP System
                        • Ratings
                        • Video: ESP System
                        • Basic Pump Sizing
                        • Pump Sizing by Hand
                        • Model in Pipesim as Comparison
                        • Relative Advantages and Disadvantages of ESP Systems
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Module 9 - Progressing Cavity Pumps

                        Contents:
                          • Progressive Cavity Pumping
                          • Rotation
                          • PCP Description
                          • Progressive Cavity Pumping
                          • Introduction to PC Pumps - History
                          • Introduction to PC Pumps - Top Drive System
                          • Introduction to PC Pumps - Bottom Drive System
                          • PC Pumps Application
                          • Introduction to PC Pumps - Market Summary
                          • PCP Market Share
                          • Progressive Cavity Pumps
                          • Videos: Progressive Cavity Pumps
                          • Applications
                          • PCP
                          • Progressing Cavity Pump Basics - Stage Ratings
                          • Progressing Cavity Pump Basics - Stages vs Depth
                          • Progressing Cavity Pump Basics - Competitors
                          • PCP Speed
                          • Module Quiz
                        • Module 10 - Hydraulic Pump

                          Contents:
                            • Hydraulic Pumping
                            • Hydraulic Market Share ($MM)
                            • Two Styles of Hydraulic Pumps
                            • Comparison of Capabilities
                            • Jet Pumping
                            • Jet Pumps
                            • Nozzle to Throat Sizes
                            • Relative Advantages and Disadvantages of Jet Pumping Systems
                            • Jet Pump Completion 
                            • Hydraulic Piston Pump
                            • Hydraulic Pumping
                            • Open Power Fluid System
                            • Closed Power Fluid System
                            • Hydraulic Piston Pump
                            • Piston Pumps
                            • System
                            • Basics of Hydraulic Pumping
                            • Typical Hydraulic Pumping Systems
                            • Video: Typical Hydraulic Pumping Systems
                            • Hydraulic Piston Pump
                            • Portable Testing Units 
                            • Unitized Power Fluid Conditioning
                            • Rules of Thumb for Hydraulic Pumping Systems
                            • Essential Well Data for Design
                            • Cyclone Solids Separator
                            • Multi-well Reda HPS Installation
                            • Surface Pressure and Flow Control
                            • Module Quiz
                          • Module 11 - Artificial Lift Selection

                            Contents:
                              • Lift – when needed?
                              • The Decision to Go to Gas Lift 
                              • Important Remarks
                              • Lift Systems
                              • AL Methods vs Wells
                              • Artificial Lift Market
                              • Capabilities by Product Type
                              • Artificial Lift Selection
                              • Artificial Lift Systems
                              • Artificial Lift Selection
                              • Selection of Artificial Lift
                              • 1. Production Characteristics
                              • 2. Fluid Properties
                              • 3. Hole Characteristics
                              • 4. Reservoir & Depletion Plan
                              • 5. Surface Facilities
                              • 6. Location
                              • 7. Power Sources Available
                              • 8. Operating Problems
                              • 9. Operating Problems
                              • 10. Operating Personnel
                              • 11. Services Available
                              • 12. Relative Economics
                              • Artificial Lift Selection Matrix
                              • Artificial Lift – Application Ranges
                              • Artificial Lift – System Efficiency
                              • Artificial Lift – Selection  
                              • Artificial Lift Methods
                              • Performance Optimisation
                              • Gas Lift is Preferred For
                              • Videos: Gas Lift is Preferred For
                              • Pumping is Preferred For
                              • Artificial Lift Design Considerations and Overall Comparisons
                              • Normal Operating Considerations
                              • Artificial Lift Considerations
                              • Comparison of Artificial Lift
                              • AL Development Strategies
                            • Post-Test

                              Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.