Topic outline

  • Fluid Separation and Treatment

    This course provides an overview of all significant aspects and considerations of fluid separation and treatment for drilling engineers, drilling representatives, drilling fluid engineers and contractor personnel, drilling supervisors, mud engineers, cementing engineers (offshore and onshore personnel), tool pushers, managers and technical support involved with drilling operations and responsible for the development, planning and application of the drilling fluids program
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain an in-depth knowledge on fluid separation and treatment Discuss gas oil separation and treatment plant as well as typical oil production facility flow diagram
      Describe three-phase separation with heating and desalting, design of an efficient desalting system including stabilization with a fractionation column and desalination Identify separator, mist eliminator, gas and liquid capacity and procedure for horizontal separators
      Recognize the factors prior to oil treatment method selection, vertical and horizontal skimmer schematic and skimmer sizing equations Troubleshoot oil-gas-separation and methodology flowchart as well as identify separator components, inlet feed pipe and device, gas gravity separation section and processing systems/design separation/metering
      Identify the common causes of upsets and illustrate fluid and solids monitoring and analysis, system performance mapping and troubleshooting techniques Apply moderate methods and online measurements as well as examine inlet separation technologies for increased reliability
      Carryout crude oil dehydration and desalting and Gastech's dual wave electrostatic desalting process Identify pump system schematic, pump discharge conditions, typical water quality standards and bacteria found in surface water
      Recognize some factors affecting ratio of indicator organisms to pathogens and viral sources of waterborne disease Employ virus detection, chlorination of water, methods of treatment and water treatment processes
      Apply filter operation and illustrate the conceptional layout of a sedimentation tank and a roughing filter sedimentation tank Describe microbe reductions, cryptosporidium removals and reductions, disinfection and the water cycle
      Carryout water treatment, water disinfection, chlorination, ozonation, chlorination process, measurement and sampling at the inlet structure and disposal of sludge or biosolids
      • Course Description

        This E-Learning course is designed to provide participants with a detailed and up-to-date overview of fluid separation and treatment. It covers the gas oil separation and treatment plant; the typical oil production facility flow diagram; the three-phase separation with heating and desalting; the design of an efficient desalting system including stabilization with a fractionation column and desalination; the separator, mist eliminator, gas and liquid capacity and procedure for horizontal separators; the factors prior to oil treatment method selection, vertical and horizontal skimmer schematic and skimmer sizing equations; and the oil-gas-separation troubleshooting and methodology flowchart
        Further, the course will also discuss the separator components, inlet feed pipe and device, gas gravity separation section and processing systems/design separation/metering; the common causes of upsets; the fluid and solids monitoring and analysis, system performance mapping and troubleshooting techniques; the moderate methods and online measurements; the examination of inlet separation technologies for increased reliability; the crude oil dehydration and desalting; the Gastech's dual wave electrostatic desalting process; the pump system schematic, pump discharge conditions, typical water quality standards; and the bacteria found in surface water

        During this course, participants will learn some factors affecting ratio of indicator organisms to pathogens; the viral sources of waterborne disease; the virus detection, chlorination of water, methods of treatment and water treatment processes; the filter operation and the conceptional layout of a sedimentation tank and a roughing filter sedimentation tank; the microbe reductions, cryptosporidium removals and reductions, disinfection and the water cycle; and the water treatment, water disinfection, chlorination, ozonation, chlorination process, measurement and sampling at the inlet structure and disposal of sludge or biosolids.

        • Module 1 - Gas Oil Separation & Treatment Plant

          Contents:
            • Typical Oil Production Facility Flow Diagram
            • Gas Oil Separation Plant
            • Three-Phase Separation with Heating and Desalting
            • Three-phase Separation with Three Delivery Pressure Levels, HP, High Pressure
            • Design of an Efficient Desalting System
            • Separation and Sweetening by Cold Stripping with Associated Gas
            • Stabilization with a Fractionation Column and Degasolination
            • Three-phase Separation with Stabilization, Sweetening and Mercaptans Removal
            • Oil and Gas Separation
            • Vertical Separator
            • Spherical Separator
            • Two Barrels Two-phase Separator
            • Separator’s Internals
            • Inlet Diverter
            • Separator’s Internals – Wave Beaker Plates
            • Wire Mesh Mist Eliminator
            • Typical Mist Extractor
            • Centrifugal Mist Eliminator
            • A Coalescing Pack Mist Extractor
            • Design & Selection of a Two-phase Horizontal Separator
            • Gas Capacity
            • Liquid Capacity
            • Seam-to-Seam Length and Slenderness Ratio
            • Procedure for Sizing Horizontal Separators
            • Selection of Horizontal Separator
            • Model of a Vertical Separator
            • Approximate Shell Length From Liquid Level Height
            • Vertical Separator
            • Determination of Oil Pad Height
            • Vortex Breaker
            • Three-phase Oil & Gas Separation
            • Three-phase Horizontal Separation
            • Bucket & Weir Design
            • Retention Time
            • Settling Equation
            • Procedures for Sizing Horizontal Three-phase Separator
            • Mist Extractor
            • Radial Gas Scrubber
            • Vertical Gas Scrubber
            • Factors to be Studied Prior Selection of Oil Treatment Method
            • Treating Equipment
            • Vertical Skimmer Schematic
            • Horizontal Skimmer Schematic
            • Skimmer Sizing Equations
            • Horizontal Rectangular Cross Section Tank
            • Vertical Cylindrical Tank
            • Plate Coalescers
            • Parallel Plate Interceptor (PPI)
            • Corrugated Plate Interceptor (CPI)
            • A Typical CPI Pack
            • Cross-Flow Devices
            • Free-Flow Turbulent Coalescers (SP Packs)
            • Deriving Recommendations (Closure)
            • Video: Introduction to Separation
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 -Troubleshooting of Oil-Gas-Separation

            Contents:
              • Sample Problem - Gas Liquid separator Sizing with Demsiter Pad
              • Solution
              • Step 1
              • Step 2
              • Gas-Liquid Separators Sizing Parameter
              • Gas Gravity Separation Section
              • Droplet Settling Theory
              • The Souders-Brown Approach
              • The Design Parameter, KS
              • API 12J
              • Campbell Book
              • KS Correlations
              • Mist Extractors
              • Troubleshooting Gas-Liquid Separators -Removal of Liquids from the Gas
              • Separator Components
              • Inlet Feed Pipe
              • Inlet Device
              • Gas Gravity Separation Section
              • Mist Extraction Section
              • Troubleshooting
              • Operational Troubleshooting of Separators
              • Processing Systems/Design Separation/Metering
              • Performance Targets
              • Common Causes of Upsets
              • Fluid and Solids Monitoring and Analysis
              • System Performance Mapping
              • Troubleshooting Techniques
              • Simple Methods
              • Moderate Methods
              • Advanced Methods
              • Conclusion
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Potential Operating Problem

              Contents:
                • Liquid Carryover and Gas Blowby
                • Sand
                • Paraffin
                • Foamy Crudes
                • Vortex Breakers
                • Examine Inlet Separation Technologies for Increased Reliability
                • Video:  Types of 3-Phase Separator
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Crude Oil Dehydration and Desalting

                Contents:
                  • Conventional AC Electrostatic Dehydrator/Desalter
                  • Electrostatic AC/DC Dual Wave Dehydrator/Desalter
                  • Design
                  • Video: How To Crude Oil Desalting Process
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 5 - Microbiology of Water

                  Contents:
                    • Some Water Factoids
                    • The Essentialness of Water
                    • All Microbes Live in an Aqueous Environment
                    • Water Quality in TN (2004)*
                    • Terminology
                    • Typical Water Quality Standards
                    • Most Probable Number
                    • Knox County Tennessee
                    • Bacteria Found In Surface Water
                    • Pathogens of Most Concern on Fresh Produce
                    • Waterborne Infectious Disease (U.S. 1997-1998)
                    • Other Important Water Transmitted Organisms
                    • Protozoa Found in Surface Water
                    • Giardiasis and Cryptosporidiosis
                    • Some Costly Cases
                    • Life Cycle of Cryptospoidium
                    • Agricultural Water
                    • Water Quality Evaluation Log
                    • Public Health and Water Supply
                    • Fecal Coliform/Fecal Streptococci Ratios for Humans and Other Animals
                    • Characteristics of a Useful Indicator
                    • Bacterial - Indicator Organisms Common Groups
                    • Indicator Organisms
                    • Problems With the Coliform Indicator Test
                    • Some Factors Affecting Ratio of Indicator Organisms to Pathogens
                    • Direct Tests For Pathogens
                    • Viral Sources of Waterborne Disease
                    • Virus Detection
                    • Chlorination of Water
                    • Methods of Treatment
                    • Chlorine Terms
                    • Chlorine Dosage
                    • Free Residual Chlorine
                    • Bottom Line
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Module 6 - Electrolysis of Water

                    Contents:
                      • How Do We Store Electricity?
                      • Why is Hydrogen Such a Big Deal?
                      • What do We Need?
                      • Chemical What Happens
                      • What is a PEM
                      • Proton Exchange Membrane
                      • How do We Use the Hydrogen?
                      • What are We Going to Do?
                      • Design a Power Plant
                      • What Industry Wants to Make
                      • Take Aways
                    • Module 7 - Water Treatment Process

                      Contents:
                        • Water Sources and Water Treatment
                        • Summary of Mainline Water Treatment Processes
                        • Water Treatment Processes: Storage
                        • Water Storage and Microbial Reductions
                        • Typical Surface Water Treatment Plant
                        • Chemical Coagulation-Flocculation
                        • Coagulation-Flocculation, Continued
                        • Microbe Reductions by Chemical Coagulation-Flocculation
                        • Cryptosporidium Removals by Coagulation (Jar Test Studies)
                        • Granular Media Filtration
                        • Slow Sand Filters
                        • Microbial Reductions by Slow Sand Filtration
                        • Filter Operation
                        • Microbe Reductions by Rapid Granular Media Filters
                        • Microbe Reductions by Chemical Coagulation-Flocculation and Filtration of River Water by Three Rx Plants in The Netherlands
                        • Cryptosporidium Removals by Sand Filtration
                        • Cryptosporidium Removal by Coagulation and Direct Filtration
                        • Reported Removals of Cryptosporidium Oocysts by Physical-Chemical Water Treatment Processes (Bench, Pilot and Field Studies)
                        • Cryptosporidium Reductions by Coagulation and Filtration
                        • Membrane Filters
                        • Cryptosporidium Reductions by Membrane Filtration
                        • Adsorbers and Filter-Adsorbers
                        • Water Softening and Microbe Reductions
                        • Microbial Reductions by Softening Treatment
                        • Disinfection of Microbes in Water: Conventional Methods used in the Developed World
                        • Disinfection Kinetics
                        • Disinfection and Microbial Inactivation Kinetics
                        • Factors Influencing Disinfection of Microbes
                        • Effects of Water Quality on Disinfection
                        • Inactivation of Cryptosporidium Oocysts in Water by Chemical Disinfectants
                        • Disinfection: A Key Barrier Against Microbes in Water
                        • Drinking Water Treatment
                        • Importance of Water
                        • So What is it About Water that Makes it so Important to Us?
                        • Where Does the Water Come From?
                        • The Water Cycle
                        • Drinking Water in U.S.
                        • Surface Water Treatment Plant
                        • Water Treatment
                        • Water Disinfection
                        • Chlorination
                        • Ozonation
                        • Ultraviolet Radiation
                        • Complete Cycle of Water Treatment
                        • Design of a Chlorination Process
                        • Your Job
                        • Wastewater Treatment
                        • Video: Water and You- The Water Treatment Process
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Post-Test

                        Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.