Topic outline

  • Fundamentals of Petroleum Geology

    This course provides an overview of all significant aspects and considerations of the Fundamentals of Petroleum Geology for geoscientists, geologists, geophysicists and reservoir engineers
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain a fundamental knowledge on petroleum geology Discuss petroleum products, refining petroleum and the energy sources of world demand
      Identify the oil and gas production reservoir types including the origin of petroleum, sour rock for petroleum, types of petroleum and petroleum system elements and processes Recognize reservoir sandstone, global oil and gas fields, projected world energy supplies and largest hydrocarbon basins
      Illustrate geologic mapping and sampling and stratigraphy as well as discuss the importance of combining outcrop and modern analogs Carryout seismic imaging, petroleum system and classification of rocks as well as identify the effect of clays on reservoir quality
      Identify the carbonate types, hydrocarbon generation, migration and accumulation Interpret total organic carbon based on early oil window maturity as well as plate tectonics, structural geology, sedimentary basin and stress fields
      Apply geophysical methods on petroleum exploration including gravity surveys, magnetic surveys and seismic surveys Recognize marine acquisition system, exploration – visualizing and testing the subsurface, stratigraphy and volumetric prospect analysis
      Discuss fundamentals of petroleum geology, the evolution of kerogen in petroleum formation and the principal forms of petroleum Identify the types of stresses, behavior of rocks under stress, fault terminology and components of fault displacement
      Recognize the various types of folds, types of petroleum traps, rock types and physical characteristics of a reservoir Apply exploration techniques, magnetic survey using a proton magnetometer, geochemical exploration methods and direct exploration methods
      Illustrate exploration and production sequence, funds flow in upstream operations, seismic surveys and prospect evaluation
      • Course Description

        This E-learning course is designed to provide participants with a fundamental overview of petroleum geology. It covers the petroleum products, refining petroleum and the energy sources of world demand; the oil and gas production reservoir types including the origin of petroleum, sour rock for petroleum, types of petroleum and petroleum system elements and processes; the reservoir sandstone, global oil and gas fields, projected world energy supplies and largest hydrocarbon basins; the geologic mapping and sampling and stratigraphy; and the importance of combining outcrop and modern analogs
        Further, the course will also discuss the seismic imaging, petroleum system and classification of rocks; the effect of clays on reservoir quality; the carbonate types, hydrocarbon generation, migration and accumulation; the interpretation of total organic carbon based on early oil window maturity; the plate tectonics, structural geology, sedimentary basin and stress fields; the geophysical methods on petroleum exploration including gravity surveys, magnetic surveys and seismic surveys; the marine acquisition system, exploration – visualizing and testing the subsurface; and the stratigraphy and volumetric prospect analysis
        During this course, participants will learn the fundamentals of petroleum geology; the evolution of kerogen in petroleum formation and the principal forms of petroleum; the types of stresses, behavior of rocks under stress, fault terminology and components of fault displacement; the various types of folds, types of petroleum traps, rock types and physical characteristics of a reservoir; the exploration techniques, magnetic survey using a proton magnetometer, geochemical exploration methods and direct exploration methods; and the exploration and production sequence, funds flow in upstream operations, seismic surveys and prospect evaluation
        • Module 1 - History of Petroleum

          Contents:
            • What is Petroleum?
            • The Goal - ‘Black Gold’
            • Petroleum Products
            • Worldwide Demand for Energy — Source (Currently)
            • Oil and Gas Production Reservoir Types
            • The Origin of Petroleum
            • Source Rock for Petroleum
            • Types of Petroleum
            • Petroleum System Elements
            • Reservoir Sandstone
            • Anticlinal Theory
            • Directional Drilling Avoids Surface Hazards
            • Global Oil and Gas Fields
            • Projected World Energy Supplies
            • Largest Hydrocarbon Basins by Ultimate Potential
            • Geologic Mapping and Sampling
            • Seismic Imaging of Anticline
            • Petroleum System
            • Cross Section Of A Petroleum System
            • Basic Geologic Principles
            • Cross-Cutting Relationships
            • Geologic Time Chart
            • Rocks
            • Classification of Rocks
            • The Rock Cycle
            • Igneous Rocks and Reservoirs
            • Metamorphic Rocks
            • Sedimentary Rocks
            • Rock Classification
            • Sedimentary Rock Types
            • Deposital Environments
            • Depositional Environments
            • Clastic Reservoirs
            • Clastic Sedimentary Rocks
            • Average Detrital Mineral Composition of Shale and Sandstone
            • Clastic Rocks
            • Sedimentation
            • Clastic Sedimentary Environments
            • Depositional Environment - Delta
            • Rivers
            • Fan Deposition
            • Sandstone Composition Framework Grains
            • Porosity in Sandstone
            • Effects of Clays on Reservoir Quality
            • Carbonate Reservoirs
            • Carbonate Types
            • Depositional Environment Carbonates
            • Diagenesis
            • Video: Petroleum - Modern History of Oil
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - Hydrocarbon Generation, Migration, and Accumulation

            Contents:
              • Source Rocks
              • Hydrocarbon Migration
              • Organic Matter in Sedimentary Rocks
              • Interpretation of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) (Based on Early Oil Window Maturity)
              • Plate Tectonics and Structural Geology
              • Sedimentary Basin and Stress Fields
              • Structural Features
              • Folded Structures
              • Fold Terminology
              • Faults
              • Faulting (Normal Faults)
              • Strike Slip Fault (Left Lateral)
              • Heterogeneity
              • Scales of Geological Reservoir Heterogeneity
              • Hydrocarbon Traps
              • Video: Hydrocarbon Traps
              • Traps General
              • Structural Hydrocarbon Traps
              • Fault Traps
              • Stratigraphic Traps
              • Petroleum Exploration: Geophysical Application to Petroleum Geology
              • Petroleum Exploration – Geophysical Methods
              • Principle of Gravity Surveys
              • Principle of Magnetic Surveys
              • Seismic Surveys
              • Pre-Drilling Knowledge Exploration
              • Marine Acquisition System
              • Crossline 470 (East)
              • Applications of Seismic Data
              • Seismic Amplitude Map of a Horizon
              • 4-D Seismic Surveys
              • Exercises: Petroleum Geology
              • Exercise 1
              • Exercise 2
              • Exercise 3
              • Exercise 4
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Fundamentals of Petroleum Geology

              Contents:
                • Exploration
                • Exploration – Visualizing and Testing the Subsurface
                • Global-Basin-Play-Prospect-Reservoir
                • Datasets: Seismic Acquisition
                • 2D Seismic Acquisition
                • 2D Regional Seismic Fine Across the North Sea Sedimentary Basin
                • 2D Seismic Acquisition Geoseismic Section
                • 3D Seismic Acquisition
                • Basic Principles of Exploration Geology
                • Source
                • Stratigraphy - History of Depositional Environments
                • Source Rocks - Decaying Organic Matter (Terrestrial Vegetation, Plankton, algae, bacteria )
                • Source Rock
                • Kerogen Types
                • Maturation of Organic Material
                • Reservoir Rocks - Porous Rocks (Sandstones, Limestones)
                • Clastic Reservoirs : Aolian Sandstones
                • Clastic Reservoirs : Alluvial Fans and Deltas
                • Clastic Reservoirs: Fluvial (River) Sandstones
                • Carbonate Reservoirs
                • Reservoirs: From Outcrop to Model
                • Reservoir Properties (Clastics)
                • SEAL: Impermeable Rock (i.e Shale, Mudstones, Salt)
                • Trap - Geological Features that Focus and Trap Hydrocarbons Under the Seal
                • Trap Types
                • Trap Types — Seismic Sections
                • Prospect Analysis Volumetric
                • Play Risk: Critical Risk Maps (Traffic Light Maps)
                • Prospect Analysis : Risking
                • Prospect Analysis : Volumetric Output from Montecarlo Simulation
                • Technical & Economical Evaluation
                • The Exploration Value Chain
                • The Exploration Funnel
                • Process in a License Round
                • Summary
                • Ultimate Aim: Exploration Success!
                • Unconventional Hydrocarbons
                • Video: Fundamentals of Petroleum Geology
              • Module 4 - Petroleum Industry

                Contents:
                  • Petroleum
                  • The Origin and Generation of Petroleum
                  • The Origin and Generation of Petroleum (Chemistry)
                  • The Origin and Generation of Petroleum (Plankton)
                  • The Origin and Generation of Petroleum (Oceanic Micro-Organisms)
                  • The Origin and Generation of Petroleum (Cooking)
                  • "The Origin and Generation of Petroleum 
                  • (Ancient Earth)"
                  • Kerogen
                  • Evolution of Kerogen in Petroleum Formation
                  • Kerogen in Petroleum Formation
                  • Bitumen in Petroleum Formation
                  • Principal forms of Petroleum
                  • Crude Oil
                  • Video: What is Crude Oil?
                  • Asphalt
                  • Natural Gas
                  • Petroleum System
                  • Petroleum System Elements
                  • Petroleum System Processes
                  • Generation, Migration, and Accumulation of Hydrocarbons
                  • Buoyancy
                  • Hydrodynamics
                  • Capillary Action
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 5 - Petroleum Source Rocks

                  Contents:
                    • Structure Geology
                    • Primary Structures of Igneous Rocks
                    • Secondary Structures
                    • Joints - Fractures
                    • Faults
                    • Fault Terminology
                    • Components of Fault Displacement
                    • Stress Types and Faults
                    • Faults Description
                    • Dip-slip Faults
                    • Strike-slip Faults
                    • Fault Associations
                    • Evidence of Faulting
                    • Indirect Evidence of Faulting
                    • Folds
                    • Folds Terminology
                    • Types of Folds
                    • Description of Folds
                    • Plunging Folds
                    • Folds in The Field
                    • Folds and Faults in the Field
                    • Video: Folds and Faults
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Module 6 - Petroleum Traps

                    Contents:
                      • Petroleum Traps
                      • Anticline Trap
                      • Structural Trap
                      • Salt Dome and Shale Structure Trap
                      • Unconformity Trap
                      • Limestone Reef Trap
                      • Facies Change Trap
                      • Different Stratigraphic Traps
                      • Combination Stratigraphic/Structural Trap
                      • Video: How is Oil Trapped Underground
                      • Module Quiz
                    • Module 7 - Rocks

                      Contents:
                        • Rock Types
                        • Igneous Rocks
                        • Common Igneous Rocks
                        • Sediment
                        • Sedimentary Rocks
                        • Metamorphic Rocks
                        • Common Metamorphic Rocks
                        • Rock Types
                        • The Rock Cycle
                        • Rock Types
                        • Structures of Sedimentary Rocks
                        • Sedimentary Rocks Interpretation
                        • Video: Sedimentary Rocks Interpretation
                        • Plate Tectonics and Sedimentary
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Module 8 - Reservoir Rock and Petroleum

                        Contents:
                          • Reservoir Rocks
                          • Video: Formation Of Reservoir Rock | Oil & Gas
                          • Porosity
                          • Evolution of Some Dolomite Textures and Pore Types
                          • Permeability
                          • Physical Characteristics of a Reservoir
                          • Module Quiz
                        • Module 9 - Exploration Techniques for Petroleum

                          Contents:
                            • Exploration Techniques
                            • Geological Concepts
                            • Geophysical Exploration
                            • Seismic Refraction
                            • Surface Exploration
                            • Down Hole Logging Surveys
                            • Resistivity
                            • Direct Exploration Methods
                            • Funds Flow in Upstream Operations
                            • Oil Traps
                            • Reservoir Rocks
                            • Seismic Surveys
                            • Prospect Evaluation
                            • Drilling the Well
                            • Enhanced Recovery
                            • Transport
                            • Uses of Crude Oil and Natural Gas
                            • At the Refinery
                            • Video: Oil Exploration Techniques
                            • Module Quiz
                          • Post-Test

                            Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.