Topic outline

  • A2060 Instrumentation: Fundamentals of Control

    This course provides an overview for all significant aspects and considerations of fundamentals of control in instrumentation for process control engineers and supervisors, instrumentation and control system engineers, automation engineers, instrumentation engineers and technologists. Further, process engineers, electrical engineers and supervisors and those involved in the design, implementation and upgrading of industrial control systems will also benefit from the practical aspects of this course
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain an in-depth knowledge on fundamentals of control in instrumentation Discuss P&ID symbols, typical applications, basic control concepts, basic control theory, pressure measurement and basic principles
      Recognize pressure elements, spring and bellows elements, diaphragm elements, pressure transducers and strain gauges Explain vibrating wire, piezoelectric, capacitance, installation considerations and future technologies
      Carryout temperature measurement, resistance temperature detectors, thermistors, non-contact measurement, infra-red measurement, radiation pyrometry and installation considerations Employ level measurement, ultrasonic level measurement, radar level measurement, radiation level measurement and electrical level measurement
      Apply typical tank level installations, flow measurement, installation considerations and selection guidelines Identify the various types of control valves and implement control valve selection, smart field measurement, calibration and commissioning
      Recognize system components, SCADA systems, levels of hierarchy, modes of control and stability Illustrate tuning methods, ratio control, cascade control, flow control, level control, pressure control and temperature control
      Discuss measurement technology, multi - variable transmitter, wireless transmitter, digital positioners, control system technology, communication technology and ethernet
      • Course Description

        Process control is becoming an increasingly important engineering topic, since the subject plays a crucial role in the design, operation and maintenance in areas such as power plants and chemical and industrial process plants. Control systems have advanced dramatically during the last decade. They become more modular and more sophisticated offering a vast variety of control functions for all the systems that operate within a modern "intelligent" facility. Enhanced functionality of the automation systems also means more complexity, interactive strategies, new technologies and systems management with resulting better control and improved reliability
        This E-Learning course is designed to provide participants with a detailed and up-to-date overview of fundamentals of control in instrumentation. It covers the P&ID symbols, typical applications, basic control concepts, basic control theory, pressure measurement and basic principles; the pressure elements, spring and bellows elements, diaphragm elements, pressure transducers and strain gauges; the vibrating wire, piezoelectric, capacitance, installation considerations and future technologies; and the temperature measurement, resistance temperature detectors, thermistors, non-contact measurement, infra-red measurement, radiation pyrometry and installation considerations
        During this interactive course, participants will learn the level measurement, ultrasonic level measurement, radar level measurement, radiation level measurement and electrical level measurement; the typical tank level installations, flow measurement, installation considerations and selection guidelines; the various types of control valves and implement control valve selection, smart field measurement, calibration and commissioning; the system components, SCADA systems, levels of hierarchy, modes of control and stability; the tuning methods, ratio control, cascade control, flow control, level control, pressure control and temperature control; and the measurement technology, multi - variable transmitter, wireless transmitter, digital positioners, control system technology, communication technology and ethernet
        • Module 1 - Introduction

          Contents:
            • Theory & Application 
            • Basic Measurement Definitions
            • Video: Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams
            • P&ID Symbols
            • Applications
            • Basic Control Concepts
            • Basic Control Theory
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - Pressure Measurement

            Contents:
              • Basic Principles
              • Definition of Terminology
              • Pressure Elements
              • Diaphragm Elements
              • Advantages - Diaphragm
              • Pressure Transducers - Electrical  
              • Installation Considerations
              • Future Technologies
              • Video: Pressure Measurements
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Temperature Measurement

              Contents:
                • Principles
                • Thermocouples
                • Resistance Temperature Detectors
                • Thermistors
                • Video: What is a Thermistor
                • Non-Contact Measurement
                • Non-Contact Pyrometers
                • Installation Considerations
                • Impact on The Overall Loop
                • Future Technologies
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Level Measurement

                Contents:
                  • Case Study: Main Types
                  • Main Types
                  • Buoyancy Tape Systems
                  • Hydrostatic Pressure
                  • Ultrasonic Level Measurement
                  • Radar Level Measurement
                  • Video: Process Control Basics - Level Measurement
                  • Vibrating Switches
                  • Radiation Level Measurement
                  • Electrical Level Measurement
                  • Installation Considerations
                  • Level Measurement
                  • Future Technologies
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 5 - Flow Measurement

                  Contents:
                    • Principles of Flow Measurement
                    • Basic Principles
                    • Differential  Pressure Flow Measurement
                    • Basic Flow Theory
                    • Differential Pressure Flowmeters
                    • Oscillatory Flow Measurement
                    • Video: Coriolis Effect 
                    • Non-intrusive Measurement
                    • Mass Flow Measurement
                    • Mass Flow
                    • Positive Displacement Flow Measurement
                    • Positive Displacement
                    • Installation Considerations
                    • Future Technologies
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Module 6 - Types of Control Valves

                    Contents:
                      • Rotary Valves
                      • Butterfly Valves
                      • Eccentric Disk Valves
                      • Eccentric Rotary Plug Valves
                      • Rotary Plug Valves
                      • Ball Valves
                      • Plug Valves
                      • Linear Valves
                      • Globe Valves
                      • Hygenic Applications
                      • Cage Valves
                      • Diaphragm Valves
                      • Pinch Valves
                      • Control Valve Selection
                      • Video: Types of Control Valves
                      • Control Valve Types
                      • Decision Criteria
                      • How to Choose the Right Valve  
                      • Selection Guidelines
                      • Control Valve Selection
                      • Application  Comparisons
                      • Leakage Rates
                      • Valve Characteristics
                      • Cage Guided Globe 
                      • Application Examples
                      • Turndown vs. Rangeability
                      • Module Quiz
                    • Module 7 - Actuator Selection

                      Contents:
                        • Types of Actuators
                        • Linear Actuators
                        • Rotary Actuators           
                        • Actuator Forces
                        • Positioners
                        • Fail Safe Actuators
                        • Video: Rotary Actuators
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Module 8 - Basic Control Concepts

                        Contents:
                          • Variables      
                          • Basic Elements
                          • Video : On and Off Temperature Control - Programmable Logic Control
                          • Manual Control
                          • Feedback Control        
                          • System Responses        
                          • On – Off Control     
                          • Three Term Control
                          • Proportional Plus Integral Control        
                          • Three Term Control
                          • Module Quiz
                        • Module 9 - Digital Field Communications

                          Contents:
                            • Data Highway
                            • Fieldbus Communications
                            • Advantages of Fieldbus
                            • Fieldbus Technologies
                            • HART
                            • Foundation Fieldbus
                            • ProfiBus
                            • Videos: HART Communication Loop Resistance 
                            • Module Quiz
                          • Module 10 - Smart Field Measurement

                            Contents:
                              • Introduction
                              • Smart Sensor Basics
                              • A Smart Transmitter
                              • Smart Field Measurement 
                              • Video: Smart Sensor – How it Works
                              • Brief Specification
                              • Overview
                              • Calibration 
                              • Commissioning
                              • Wiring Detail
                              • Module Quiz
                            • Module 11 - Distributed Control Systems

                              Contents:
                                • Introduction
                                • Traditional Process Controllers
                                • Video: Industrial Control Systems - Understanding ICS Architectures
                                • Architecture of Controllers
                                • Software
                                • Programming
                                • Execution Time
                                • Organizing Execution Time for Control Action
                                • Programming vs. Configuration
                                • Function Blocks
                                • Object-orientated
                                • Soft-wiring
                                • Analogue vs. Microprocessor
                                • Connections to the Controller
                                • Module Quiz
                              • Module 12 - Programmable Logic Controllers

                                Contents:
                                  • Introduction
                                  • History
                                  • Today’s Position
                                  • Principles of Operation
                                  • System Components
                                  • I/O Interfaces
                                  • Configuration
                                  • Module Quiz
                                • Module 13 - SCADA Systems

                                  Contents:
                                    • Basic Definitions
                                    • Levels of Hierarchy
                                    • Video: What is SCADA? (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) 
                                    • SCADA Configuration
                                    • Module Quiz
                                  • Module 14 - Modes of Control

                                    Contents:
                                      • Stability
                                      • Ultimate Gain
                                      • Video: Controlling Water Level in the PLC Ladder Logic Program
                                      • Tuning Methods                     
                                      • Ratio Control
                                      • Cascade Control
                                      • Application Examples
                                      • Module Quiz
                                    • Module 15 - New Trends

                                      Contents:
                                        • Measurement Technology
                                        • Wireless Transmitter
                                        • Digital Positioners
                                        • Video: Troubleshooting a Flowserve Digital Positioner
                                        • 3 Beam Ultrasonic Flowmeter
                                        • Control System Technology
                                        • Communication Technology
                                        • Ethernet
                                        • Module Quiz
                                      • Post-Test

                                        Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.