Topic outline

  • Oil Processing Facilities

    This course provides an overview of all significant aspects and considerations of oil processing facilities for those directly involved in supervising oil and gas production operations, production personnel, junior staff and other staff who want to increase their understanding of the oil & gas production operation
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain an in-depth knowledge on oil processing facilities Discuss API gravity, brent crude oil specification, oil processing facilities and oil production and treatment
      Illustrate production dehydration and desalting, oil stabilization, movement to GOSP and gas/oil separation Identify the major equipment of a GOSP, H.P. separator, L.P and water/oil separator
      Carryout dehydrating and desalting of wet crude oil, wet crude heating and scale inhibitor injection Review GOSP flow sheet as well as operation, maintenance and training manual
      Discuss the technical description for electrostatic desalter and identify the disadvantages of crude oil containing water and salt Increase the load of transportation and the load of storage for the crude oil
      Ensure the stabilization of operation during the process and determine the power consumption of the process Recognize cause scaling and block pipes to the equipment including corruption of pipeline and equipment
      Review result in catalyst poisoning in the follow-up processing and stocks formula for water drop settling Discuss the basic principles of electrostatic desalting as well as differentiate the connections between electrostatic dehydrating technology and electrostatic desalting technology
      Determine site and meteorological conditions, crude oil property of blend oil and mishrif formation Describe the design parameters and system of electrostatic desalter
      Recognize radio-frequency conductance level transmitter, guide-radar level transmitter, temperature gauge and temperature transmitter and differential pressure transmitter Employ zero load testing on the power supply unit, short circuit test or earthing of the transmitter, commissioning, operation and optimization
      Carryout general inspection before the operation and optimization for commissioning and operation Adjust the transformer output voltage and perform daily maintenance, periodic stop inspection and troubleshooting
      Discuss the basic theory of separation, the importance of demulsification and the principle of emulsion breaking
      • Course Description

        This E-learning course is designed to provide participants with a detailed and up-to-date overview of oil processing facilities. It covers the API gravity and brent crude oil specification; the production dehydration and desalting, oil stabilization, movement to GOSP and gas/oil separation; the major equipment of a GOSP, H.P. separator, L.P and water/oil separator; the dehydrating and desalting of wet crude oil, wet crude heating and scale inhibitor injection; the GOSP flow sheet, operation, maintenance and training manual; the technical description for electrostatic desalter and the disadvantages of crude oil containing water and salt; the load of transportation and the load of storage for the crude oil; the stabilization of operation during the process and the power consumption of the process; the result in catalyst poisoning in the follow-up processing and stocks formula for water drop settling; and the scaling and block pipes to the equipment including corruption of pipeline and equipment
        Further, the course will also discuss the basic principles of electrostatic desalting as well as the differences and connections between electrostatic dehydrating technology and electrostatic desalting technology; the site and meteorological conditions, crude oil property of blend oil and mishrif formation; the design parameters and system of electrostatic desalter; and the radio-frequency conductance level transmitter, guide-radar level transmitter, temperature gauge and temperature transmitter and differential pressure transmitter
        During this course, participants will learn the zero-load testing on the power supply unit; the short circuit test or earthing of the transmitter, commissioning, operation and optimization; the general inspection before the operation, optimizing for commissioning and operation; the adjustment of transformer output voltage; the daily maintenance, periodic stop inspection and troubleshooting; the basic theory of separation; and the importance of demulsification and the principle of emulsion breaking
        • Module 1 - API Gravity

          Contents:
            • Video: Introduction of API Gravity
            • Brent Crude Oil Specification 
            • Oil Production & Treatment 
            • Movement to GOSP
            • Gas/Oil Separation
            • Major Equipment of a GOSP
            • High Pressure Separator
            • Gas/Oil Separator
            • H.P. Test Separator
            • Water/Oil Separator
            • H.P. Separator & W.O. Separator
            • Knock Out Drum
            • L.P. Separator
            • Dehydrating & Desalting of Wet Crude Oil
            • Wet Crude Oil
            • Desalting
            • Wet Crude Heating
            • Wet Crude Heaters
            • Scale Inhibitor Injection
            • Dehydration
            • Dehydrator & Desalter 
            • GOSP Flow Sheet
            • Large Capacity Desalter 
            • Desalter Efficiency 
            • Desalter Highlights 
            • Crude Oil Stabilization 
            • Basic Crude Oil Stabilization 
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - Technical Description for Electrostatic Desalter

            Contents:
              • Disadvantages of Crude Oil Containing Water and Salt
              • Droplets Accumulate Electric Force Formula
              • Differences Between Electrostatic Dehydrating Technology & Electrostatic Desalting Technology 
              • Connections Between Electrostatic Dehydrating Technology & Electrostatic Desalting Technology 
              • AC and DC Desalting Technology
              • Design Basis & System Description
              • Design Basis Data
              • Site and Meteorological Conditions
              • Crude Oil Property of Mishrif Formation 
              • Design Parameters of Electrostatic Desalter
              • System Description of Electrostatic Desalter
              • Description of Main Equipment
              • Electrostatic Desalter Vessel
              • Structural Skid, Stair and Platform
              • Strong Electric Field
              • Bushing
              • Insulated Hanger
              • Crude Oil Inlet Distributor and Treated Oil Collector 
              • Transformer
              • Control Valve
              • Flow Transmitter
              • Radio-frequency Conductance Level Transmitter
              • Guide-Radar Level Transmitter
              • Pressure Gauge and Pressure Transmitter
              • Temperature Gauge and Temperature Transmitter
              • Differential Pressure Transmitter
              • PSV
              • Closed Sampler
              • Corrosion Coupon and Corrosion Detector
              • Installation and Testing
              • Installation
              • Installation of the Structural Skid, Vessel, Stairs and Platform
              • Installation of the Pipelines
              • Installation of the HV Electric Field Component
              • Installation of Transformer, Anti-Explosion Power Distribution Cabinet, LCP and JBS
              • Installation of Instrument
              • Cable
              • Electric Test
              • Zero Load Testing On the Power Supply Unit
              • Short Circuit Test or Earthing of the Transformer 
              • Video: How To Crude Oil Desalting Process In Refinnery 
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Commissioning, Operation and Optimization Operating

              Contents:
                • Operation
                • Operation the Valve Open or Closed State Checklist 
                • Operating Parameters Set Checklist
                • Optimizing for Commissioning and Operating
                • Operating Temperature 
                • Operating Pressure
                • Demulsifier Type and Injection Rate
                • Wash Water
                • Mixing Intensity
                • Stop, Maintenance and Inspection
                • Stop Procedure
                • Purge
                • Daily Maintenance
                • Periodic Stop Inspection
                • Troubleshooting
                • Video: Operations Optimization
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Dual Polarity Electrostatic Treater Improves Crude Oil Dehydration

                Contents:
                  • Innovative AC/DC Design Accelerates Coalescence, Improves Efficiency
                  • Dual Polarity Outperforms the Single Field Systems
                  • The Benefits of this Unique Design are:
                  • DC field Forces Water Droplets Into Collision Course for Faster Coalescence
                  • Lower Operating Temperatures Mean Lower Fuel Costs
                  • Also Reduces Volume Loss, Produces More Oil to Sales
                  • Increased Throughout Rates
                  • Benefits
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 5 - Oil Reception and Process- Separators

                  Contents:
                    • Introduction
                    • Basic Theory of Separation
                    • The Separation Process 
                    • Video: Oil and Water Separator Principle
                    • Construction of Separators
                    • Separator Instrumentation and Control
                    • The Separation Process
                    • Separation in Stages
                    • Classification of Separators
                    • Separation Process
                    • Introduction
                    • Separation Theory
                    • Separation Classifications
                    • Separators Types
                    • Slug Catcher/Surge Vessel
                    • Separator Accessories
                    • Instrumentations Facilities
                    • Liquid-Liquid Separation
                    • Emulsion - (Emulsion Formation)
                    • Emulsion - Water in Oil Emulsion Type
                    • 1. Normal Oil Field Emulsions
                    • 2. Reverse Emulsion
                    • Factors Affecting Stability of Oil/Water Emulsions
                    • Emulsion Breaking
                    • Settling Velocity (Stock’s low)
                    • Where Water Droplets are Settling
                    • Principles of Electric De-hydration
                    • Heater Treater Operation
                    • Electric De-hydration – Troubleshooting
                    • Treater Maintenance
                    • Heat Exchanger
                    • Heat Exchangers Types
                    • Fired Heaters Types
                    • Fired Heaters
                    • Cleaning and Maintain For Heater Tubes /devices
                    • Crude Oil Process Plant 
                    • Vessels Types 
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Module 6 - Oil Reception and Process - Oil Dehydration and Desalting

                    Contents:
                      • Introduction 
                      • Oil Field Emulsions 
                      • Emulsifying Agents
                      • Emulsion Stability 
                      • Principle of Emulsion Breaking 
                      • Emulsion Treatment Equipment 
                      • Video: Oil & Gas - Dehydration
                      • Module Quiz
                    • Module 7 - Water Treatment Process - Chemical Composition

                      Contents:
                        • Introduction 
                        • Water Properties/Contamination 
                        • Main Water Problems 
                        • The Different Water Sources for Water Injection 
                        • Required Treatment for Water Injection 
                        • Chemicals for Water Injection (Raw River Water)
                        • Chemicals for Water Injection 
                        • Video: Water Treatment in Oil and Gas - Waste Water Recycling and Reuse
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Module 8 - Atmospheric Pressure

                        Contents:
                          • Pressure Exerted by Liquids 
                          • Pressure Units 
                          • Pressure Scale 
                          • Pressure Measurements 
                          • Bourdon Tube Pressure Gauges
                          • Diaphragm Pressure Gauges 
                          • Pressure Transmitter 
                          • Standard Transmitter Set Up Diagram 
                          • Control Loop – Case Study
                          • Pressure Switches 
                          • Level 
                          • Dip Tapes And Dip Sticks 
                          • Gauge Glasses 
                          • Magnetic Float Indicators 
                          • Differential Pressure Cells (DP Cells) 
                          • Displacer 
                          • Back Pressure Method 
                          • Ultrasonic Sound Waves Method 
                          • Nucleonic Level Measurement System 
                          • Level Switches 
                          • Flow Measurement 
                          • Introduction 
                          • Volumetric and Mass Flow Rate Flow 
                          • Flow Patterns 
                          • Flow Measurement Devices 
                          • Orifice Plate Flow Meter 
                          • Venturi Tube Flow Meters 
                          • Pitot Tube Flow Meters 
                          • Turbine Flow Meters 
                          • Paddle Wheel Flow Meters 
                          • Ultrasonic Flow Meters 
                          • Positive Displacement [PD] Flow Meters 
                          • Variable Area Flow Meters 
                          • Temperature Measurement 
                          • Temperature Units 
                          • Measurement Devices 
                          • Glass Capillary Thermometers 
                          • Bimetallic Thermometers 
                          • Gas And Liquid Filled Thermometers 
                          • Vapour Tension Thermometers 
                          • Thermocouple 
                          • Resistance Temperature Devices (Rtds) 
                          • Radiation Temperature Detectors 
                          • Temperature Switches 
                          • Video: Atmospheric Pressure
                          • Module Quiz
                        • Module 9 - Oil Reception and Process – Storage & Metering

                          Contents:
                            • Introduction 
                            • Fixed Roof Tanks 
                            • Floating Roof Storage Tanks
                            • Dome Roof Storage Tanks
                            • Spherical Tank
                            • Bullet Tanks
                            • Measuring Meters 
                            • Module Quiz
                          • Module 10 - Oil Reception and Process – Storage & Metering

                            Contents:
                              • Introduction 
                              • Fixed Roof Tanks 
                              • Floating Roof Storage Tanks
                              • Dome Roof Storage Tanks
                              • Spherical Tank
                              • Bullet Tanks
                              • Measuring Meters 
                              • Module Quiz
                              • Condensate Stabilization 
                              • Fixed Roof Tanks (Limitation of Use) 
                              • Video: Stabilized Condensate
                              • Module Quiz
                            • Module 11 - Types of Tanks, Accessories of Tanks, Corrosion and Cathodic Protection & Methods of Gauging Tanks

                              Contents:
                                • Types of Tanks
                                • Cone Roof Tanks
                                • Floating Roof Tanks
                                • Types of Floating Roof Tank
                                • Accessories
                                • Cone Roof Tank – Floating Suctions and Skimmers
                                • Internal Floating Roof Tank
                                • Dome Roof Tanks
                                • Pressure Vessels
                                • Spheroids
                                • Spheres
                                • Cylinders
                                • Accessories
                                • Corrosion & Cathodic Protection 
                                • Methods of Gauging Tanks
                                • Tank Gauging
                                • Manual Gauging of Tanks
                                • Manual Tank Gauging
                                • Manual Sampling of Tanks
                                • Automatic Gauging of Tanks
                                • Mechanical Float Gauges
                                • Servo Tank Gauges
                                • Radar Tank Gauges
                                • Radar Tank Level Gauges
                                • Video: Introduction Types of Storage Tanks
                                • Module Quiz
                              • Module 12 - Tank Mixers

                                Contents:
                                  • Flow Pattern for Blending or Homogenizing
                                  • Flow Pattern for Sludge Removal
                                  • Tank Mixing Power Requirements
                                  • Tank Mixing Pattern
                                  • Tank Mixing Requirements
                                  • Tank Blending with Fixed Angle Mixer
                                  • Correct Angle to Achieve Flow Pattern
                                  • Sludge Build-up in Tank with Fixed Angle Mixer
                                  • Tank Mixing Requirements
                                  • Multiple Mixers
                                  • Swivel Mixer
                                  • Side Entry Mixer
                                  • Tank Jet Mixers
                                  • Module Quiz
                                • Module 13 - Process Relief & Flare - Relief & Blowdown Valves

                                  Contents:
                                    • Introduction 
                                    • Pressure Terminology 
                                    • Types of Pressure Relief Devices 
                                    • Conventional Pressure Relief Valves 
                                    • Pilot - Operated Pressure Relief Valve 
                                    • Piston - Type Pilot - Operated Pressure Relief Valve
                                    • Diaphragm - Type Pilot - Operated Pressure Relief Valve
                                    • Balanced Bellows Pressure Relief Valve
                                    • Balanced Bellows with Auxiliary Balancing Piston
                                    • Power - Actuated Pressure Relief Valves 
                                    • Temperature - Actuated Pressure Relief Valves 
                                    • Video: Pressure Relief Valves
                                    • Pressure Vacuum Vent Valves
                                    • Rupture Disk
                                    • Application of Rupture Disks
                                    • Types of Rupture Disks
                                    • Conventional Rupture Disks
                                    • Scored Tension - Loaded Rupture Disks
                                    • Composite Rupture Disks
                                    • Reverse - Acting Rupture Disks
                                    • Graphite Rupture Disks
                                    • Rupture Pin Relief Valves
                                    • Buckling Pin Relief Valves
                                    • Blowdown Valve
                                    • Module Quiz
                                  • Module 14 - Process Control Valves

                                    Contents:
                                      • Wellhead & Choke 
                                      • Choke 
                                      • Flowlines 
                                      • Remote Gathering Manifold Station (RGMS)
                                      • Trunkline
                                      • Inlet Manifold
                                      • Module Quiz
                                    • Module 15 - Process Control Valves

                                      Contents:
                                        • Linear Rising Stem 
                                        • Rotary Action Control Valves 
                                        • Video: Butterfly Valve How it works?
                                        • Pneumatic Diaphragm Actuators 
                                        • Piston Hydraulic Actuators 
                                        • Piston Pneumatic Actuators 
                                        • Electrical Actuators 
                                        • Solenoid Valves 
                                        • Valve Positioner 
                                        • I/P Converter 
                                        • Process Control System
                                        • Process Control Elements 
                                        • Level Control System 
                                        • Flow Control System 
                                        • Temperature Control System 
                                        • Types of Signals 
                                        • Pneumatic Signal Transmission 
                                        • Electronic Signal Transmission 
                                        • Open Loop Control 
                                        • Closed Loop Control 
                                        • Cascade Control 
                                        • Module Quiz
                                      • Module 16 - Flowlines - Pigging

                                        Contents:
                                          • Pigging 
                                          • Introduction
                                          • Pigging History 
                                          • Uses & Types of PIG 
                                          • Pig Launchers and Receivers 
                                          • Pigging Operation 
                                          • Video: Pigging
                                          • Module Quiz
                                        • Module 17 - Safety

                                          Contents:
                                            • Fire and Explosion
                                            • Ignition Sources
                                            • Oxygen
                                            • Combustible Material
                                            • Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) Awareness
                                            • Nitrogen (N2) Awareness
                                            • Personal Protective Equipment (P.P.E)
                                            • Positive Isolation 
                                            • Safe Draining 
                                            • Vessel Entry 
                                            • Temporary Hose Connections 
                                            • Static Electricity 
                                            • Pyrophoric Iron Sulphide 
                                            • Purging 
                                            • Video: Oil and Gas Safety 101: ⚠️ Being Aware of Hazards While Working in the Oil Field
                                            • Module Quiz
                                          • Module 18 - Filtration

                                            Contents:
                                              • Dual Flow Filter
                                              • Media Loading
                                              • Acceptance of the System
                                              • Media Loading Sequence
                                              • Typical Dual Media Filter 
                                              • Typical Disposable Filter Cartridges 
                                              • Diatomaceous Earth Filtration 
                                              • Removal of Dissolved Mater 
                                              • Silt Density Index (SDI) 
                                              • Statistical Process Control 
                                              • Ion Exchange
                                              • Classifications of Ion Exchange Resins: 
                                              • Sodium Zeolite Softening
                                              • Softener Operation 
                                              • Sodium Zeolite Softener
                                              • Softener Backwash 
                                              • Brining
                                              • Slow Rinse 
                                              • Fast Rinse
                                              • Source of Water
                                              • Common Sources of Water
                                              • Ground Water
                                              • Surface Water (Rains, Rivers, Sea Water) 
                                              • The Nature of Water
                                              • Osmotic Equilibrium
                                              • Reverse Osmosis
                                              • Video: Gas Filtration
                                              • Module Quiz
                                            • Module 19 - Water Treatment

                                              Contents:
                                                • Sources of Water
                                                • Raw Water Contaminants 
                                                • Common Impurities Found In Water 
                                                • Water Treatment Overview 
                                                • Water Treatment Processes 
                                                • Module Quiz
                                              • Post-Test

                                                Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.