Topic outline

  • Process Plant Monitoring, Optimization & Energy Conservation Skills

    This course covers systematic techniques on process plant monitoring, optimization and energy conservation skills for planning staff, instrumentation & control staff, production & operation staff, process engineers, mechanical engineers and project engineers. Management can also appreciate the importance of the new tools available to achieve the plant objectives of today and meet the challenges of tomorrow
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain an in-depth knowledge on process plant monitoring, optimization and energy conservation skills Identify the components of the process plant and carryout production and improving performance, performance monitoring and operating procedures
      Discuss catalyst and reactor, fundamentals of chemical reaction technology and the three most common types of reactors Apply heat transfer methods and identify the various types of evaporators and distillation column trays performance constraints
      Determine distillation column trays efficiency, crude unit optimization, optimizing crude unit design and absorption/desorption Recognize the three types of crystal seed formation including the fundamentals of hydrodynamics, centrifugal pumps, pumps selection guidelines, pumps and pumping systems and compressors
      Identify the types of cooling towers, efficiency of energy conversion, boiler components and the major N-product hazards Illustrate wastewater purification and disposal, measurement and control technology, temperature measurement, pressure measurement and flow measurement
      Apply level measurement, classification of control systems, PID control and feed forward control Carryout hazard identification, plant safety, protective measures to prevent an explosion and HAZOP study
      Define HAZOP guide words and meanings, illustrate HAZOP flow diagram and apply risk assessment plan Discuss the pareto principle, enterprise economics or financial returns and refinery and process plant optimization trends
      Optimize design and determine project methodology and the concept of the universal process Employ various approach to optimization, simple and complex configurations, refinery configurations and coking & hydro-conversion
      Illustrate other deep conversion processes, hydrogen recovery, hydrogen manufacturing process, classification of conversion processes, hydrogen addition processes and hybrid processes Carryout aromatics plant configuration and olefins plant configuration
      Describe ammonia and methanol synthesis and review the results of configuration optimization Optimize equipment & unit design, reflux ratio, crude unit design, utilities, insulation thickness and heat exchanger networks
      Recognize pinch technology composite curves, pinch technology rules, pinch limits and heavy crude composite curves Illustrate process unit heat integration, simplified schematic of crude/vacuum unit integration and investment modelling
      Explain the graphic definitions of capacity creep, debottlenecking and expansion Apply blending operations, feedstock selection, feasibility and optimality, delta-base modelling and feedstock and crude evaluation & ranking
      Illustrate process models, spreadsheet material balance models, optimizing process operations and process unit optimization parameters Identify the benefits of improved control, maximize the profit of a plant and apply multivariable process control and model predictive control
      Explain inferential temperature control for distillation columns, feedback correction for feed composition changes, statistical process control and probability of failure Employ root cause failure analysis, preserve failure data, order the analysis, analyze the data and communicate findings and recommendations
      Implement the basic procedure for FMEA or FMECA and the basic steps for performing an FMEA/FMECA analysis Apply fault trees, probability and criticality analysis, basic logic diagram, fault tree and basic reliability diagrams and risk evaluation methods
      Perform criticality analysis, quantitative criticality analysis method and spare parts and materials inventory management Determine turnaround management methodology, additional work approval process, the critical path method, risk management & optimization and tank farm layout
      Employ blending optimization, inventory management, utilities management, boiler management and steam and fuel gas system conventional control Discuss lean manufacturing, Six Sigma and Balanced Scorecard as well as perform benchmarking & best practices, performance measures & profitability, model validation and back-casting
      Differentiate plant optimization versus supply chain optimization and manufacture process supply chain
      • Course Description

        This E-Learning course is designed to provide participants with a detailed and up-to-date overview of process plant monitoring, optimization and energy conservation skills. It covers the components of the process plant; the performance monitoring and operating procedures; the catalyst and reactor, fundamentals of chemical reaction technology and the three most common types of reactors; the heat transfer methods; the various types of evaporators and distillation column trays performance constraints; and the distillation column trays efficiency, crude unit optimization, and absorption/desorption
        Further, the course will also discuss the types of cooling towers, efficiency of energy conversion, boiler components and the major N-product hazards; the wastewater purification and disposal, temperature measurement, pressure measurement and flow measurement; the level measurement, classification of control systems, PID control and feed forward control; and the hazard identification, protective measures to prevent an explosion, HAZOP study, guide words and meanings; and risk assessment plan 
        Moreover, the course will also cover the pareto principle and refinery and process plant optimization trends; the various approach to optimization, simple and complex configurations, refinery configurations and coking & hydro-conversion; the hydrogen recovery, hydrogen manufacturing process, classification of conversion processes, hydrogen addition processes and hybrid processes; the aromatics plant configuration and olefins plant configuration; the ammonia and methanol synthesis; the reflux ratio, crude unit design, insulation thickness and heat exchanger networks; the process unit heat integration, simplified schematic of crude/vacuum unit integration and investment modelling; the graphic definitions of capacity creep, debottlenecking and expansion; the blending operations, feedstock selection, evaluation and ranking; and the inferential temperature control for distillation columns, feedback correction for feed composition changes, statistical process control and probability of failure
        During this course, participants will learn the root cause failure analysis; the basic procedure for FMEA or FMECA; the fault trees, probability and criticality analysis, basic logic diagram, basic reliability diagrams and risk evaluation methods; the criticality analysis, quantitative criticality analysis method and spare parts and materials inventory management; the turnaround management methodology, additional work approval process, critical path method and tank farm layout; the blending optimization, inventory management, utilities management, boiler management and steam and fuel gas system conventional control; the lean manufacturing, Six Sigma and Balanced, benchmarking, model validation and back-casting; the plant optimization versus supply chain optimization; and the process supply chain
        • Module 1 - Introduction

          Contents:
            • Components of the Process Plant
            • Production and Improving Performance
            • Performance Monitoring
            • Video: What is the Pareto Principle - The 80 20 Rule? 
          • Module 2 - The Catalyst and the Reactor

            Contents:
              • Catalyst Performance
              • Kinetics of a Heterogeneous Catalyst Reaction
              • Catalyst Performance
              • Reactor Design
              • Fundamentals of Chemical Reaction Technology
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Product Processing

              Contents:
                • Heat Transfer
                • Heat Transfer & its Application
                • Temperature and Heat
                • Units of Heat
                • Heat Transfer Methods
                • Heat Transfer
                • Video: Heat Transfer - Conduction, Convection, and Radiation
                • Thermal Conductivity (K)
                • Evaporation
                • Condensation
                • Distillation
                • Distillation Column Trays Performance Constraints
                • Fractionation Tray Stability
                • Distillation Column Trays Efficiency
                • Crude Unit Optimization
                • Absorption/Desorption
                • Extraction
                • Crystallization
                • Adsorption
                • Drying
                • Membrane Separations
                • Filtration
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Pipelines, Pumps & Compressors

                Contents:
                  • Fundamentals of Hydrodynamics
                  • Video: Steady State Systems
                  • Pumps and Pumping Systems
                  • Equivalent Piping Length
                  • Recommended Velocity
                  • Pumps and Pumping Systems
                  • Centrifugal Pumps
                  • Centrifugal Pumps/Vanes
                  • Centrifugal Pumps – Information for Purchasing
                  • Pumps Selection Guidelines
                  • Centrifugal Pumps - Pump Curves
                  • Centrifugal Pumps - BHP, Head
                  • Centrifugal Pumps - Capacity, Head, Power
                  • Centrifugal Pumps - Cavitation
                  • Centrifugal Pumps - Avoiding Cavitation
                  • Pumps and Pumping Systems
                  • Compressors
                  • Compression Process
                  • Compressors & Gas Compression
                  • Compressors Process Operating
                  • Centrifugal Compressor
                  • What is Surge?
                  • Compressor Problem Solving Approaches
                  • Polytropic Head & Surging
                  • Polytropic Process
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 5 - Energy Supply

                  Contents:
                    • Steam and Condensate System
                    • Electrical Energy
                    • Cooling Water
                    • Refrigeration
                    • Compressed Air
                    • Video: 3 Reasons to Use Compressed Air to Power Your Control Valves
                  • Module 6 - Energy Efficiency

                    Contents:
                      • Efficiency of Energy Conversion
                      • Illustration
                      • Efficiency of Some Common Devices
                      • Vehicle Efficiency – Gasoline Engine
                      • Heat Engine
                      • Carnot Efficiency
                      • Illustration
                      • Inference
                      • Schematic Diagram of a Power Plant
                      • Boiler Components
                      • Overall Efficiency
                      • System Efficiency
                      • Efficiency of a Light Bulb
                      • System Efficiency of an Automobile
                      • Efficiency of a Space Heater
                      • Heat Mover
                      • Heat Pump Heating Cycle
                      • Coefficient of Performance (C.O.P)
                      • Example
                      • Solution
                      • Consequences
                      • More C.O.P’s
                    • Module 7 - Product Supply and Storage

                      Contents:
                        • Product Supply and Storage
                      • Module 8 - Waste Disposal

                        Contents:
                          • Off-Gas Collection System and Flares
                          • Major N-Product Hazards
                          • Proposed  Flue Gas Treatment
                          • Non-Catalytic Process (SNCR)
                          • Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction (SNCR)
                          • Carbon Dioxide
                          • Industrial Hazards
                          • Use Filters, Cyclone Scrubbers & Electrostatic Precipitators
                          • Also Flue Gas Water Scrubbers (Desulfurizer)
                          • Wastewater Purification and Disposal
                          • Solid Waste Disposal
                          • Video: Solid Waste Management
                          • Module Quiz
                        • Module 9 - Measurement and Control Technology

                          Contents:
                            • Metrology
                            • Temperature Measurement
                            • Pressure Measurement
                            • Flow Measurement
                            • Level Measurement
                            • Control Technology
                            • Classification of Control Systems
                            • PID Control
                            • PID Control- How Proportional Control Works
                            • PID-Reset Action or Integral Control - I
                            • Derivative Action - D
                            • Derivative Action or Rate Control
                            • Other Control Action Features
                            • Fundamentals: PID Controller
                            • Limitations of Conventional PID Controllers
                            • Types of Feed-back Controllers-FB
                            • Simple Feedback Control
                            • Feed Forward Control
                            • Feedforward + Feedback  Control Action
                            • Cascade Control
                            • Other FB-FF Example
                            • Module Quiz
                          • Module 10 - Plant Safety

                            Contents:
                              • Health, Safety & Environment at Personnel Level
                              • The Plant Safety & Philosophy
                              • Hazard Identification
                              • Plant Safety
                              • Video: Simply explained – Plant safety
                              • Other Unsafe Conditions on the Job
                              • HAZOP Study
                              • Consequences to be Considered
                              • HAZOP Guide Words
                              • HAZOP Guide Words and Meanings 
                              • When Timing Matters
                              • HAZOP Flow Diagram
                              • Successful HAZOP Criteria
                              • What to do When HAZARD is Identified?
                              • A Method for Foreseeing Deviations- HAZOP
                              • Risk-Based Applicability
                              • Risk Assessment Plan
                              • Module Quiz
                            • Module 11 - Optimization Fundamentals

                              Contents:
                                • What is Optimization?
                                • Video: Introduction to Optimization: What Is Optimization?
                                • Optimization Characteristics
                                • Common Misconceptions
                                • Maxima and Minima
                                • What can Optimization Achieve?
                                • How Big is the Pie? 
                                • As Cost, Size & Capacity Increase the Pie Gets Bigger 
                                • Cost, Size & Complexity Impact ROI 
                                • How is the Pie Sliced? 
                                • Items Contributing to the Optimum 
                                • The Pareto Principle or 80-20 Rule 
                                • The Pareto Principle 
                                • The Pareto Principle in Action 
                                • Operational Economics
                                • Investment Economics
                                • Enterprise Economics or Financial Returns 
                                • ROCE 
                                • Optimizing Operational Economics
                                • Optimizing Investment Economics
                                • Module Quiz
                              • Module 12 - Refinery & Process Plant Optimization Trends

                                Contents:
                                  • Optimization Trends
                                  • The Overall Goal: Decrease or Increase? 
                                  • Optimise Distillation
                                  • Optimise Reactors
                                  • Crude Unit Optimization Case Study
                                  • Crude Unit Expansion - Background
                                  • Original Design
                                  • Crude/Vacuum Unit Revamp - Before
                                  • Crude Distillation U. Revamp Philosophy
                                  • Crude/Vacuum Unit Revamp - After
                                  • VacuumDist.U. Revamp Philosophy
                                  • MVPC Optimization
                                  • CDU/VDU Yields Before & After
                                  • Video: Plant Performance Optimisation
                                  • Module Quiz
                                • Module 13 - Optimizing the Design

                                  Contents:
                                    • Project Methodology 
                                    • Concept of the Universal Process 
                                    • The Universal Process 
                                    • Approach to Optimization 
                                    • Simple & Complex Configurations 
                                    • Refinery Configurations 
                                    • Topping Refinery 
                                    • Schematic of Topping Refinery 
                                    • Hydroskimming Refinery 
                                    • Schematic of Hydroskimming Refinery 
                                    • Cracking Refinery 
                                    • Schematic of Cat Cracking Refinery 
                                    • Schematic of Hydrocracking Refinery 
                                    • Video: Crude oil refining (Distillation, Cracking & reforming)
                                    • Full Conversion 
                                    • Coking & Hydro-Conversion 
                                    • Schematic of Coking Refinery 
                                    • Schematic of Resid Hydrocracking Refinery 
                                    • Full Conversion 
                                    • Coking & Hydro-Conversion 
                                    • Other Deep Conversion Processes 
                                    • Hydrogen Manufacture 
                                    • Hydrogen Recovery 
                                    • Hydrogen Manufacturing Process 
                                    • Classification of Conversion Processes 
                                    • Specialty Products 
                                    • Traditional Base Oil Production 
                                    • State of the Art Lube Plant 
                                    • Aromatics Plant Configuration 
                                    • Olefins Plant Configuration 
                                    • Integrated Refining – Petrochemical Complex 
                                    • Basic Hydrogen Manufacture 
                                    • Ammonia Synthesis 
                                    • Methanol Synthesis 
                                    • Maximizing NPV 
                                    • Results of Configuration Optimization 
                                    • Optimizing Equipment & Unit Design 
                                    • Optimum Reflux Ratio 
                                    • Optimizing Crude Unit Design  
                                    • Crude Unit Design 
                                    • Crude Column Loadings 
                                    • CDU Column Loadings No PA’s 
                                    • The Impact of Pumparounds 
                                    • CDU Column Loadings One PA 
                                    • Adding More Pumparounds 
                                    • CDU Column Loadings Two PA’s 
                                    • Optimizing Utilities 
                                    • Optimizing Insulation Thickness 
                                    • Basic Crude Preheat Train Layout 
                                    • Crude Preheat Train Layout with 2PA’s First Trial (Not Optimized) 
                                    • Crude Preheat Train Layout with 2PA’s Second Trial 
                                    • Crude Preheat Train Layout with 2PA’s Optimum Pre-heat Temp Heavy Crude 
                                    • Crude Preheat Train Layout with PA’s Optimum Pre-heat Temp Light Crude 
                                    • Optimizing Heat Exchanger Networks 
                                    • Optimum Heat Exchanger Network 
                                    • Optimizing the Design 
                                    • What is Pinch Technology? 
                                    • Composite Curves 
                                    • Pinch Technology Composite Curves 
                                    • Pinch Technology Concept 
                                    • Finding the Pinch 
                                    • Pinch Technology Rules 
                                    • Pinch Limits 
                                    • Heavy Crude Composite Curves 
                                    • Light Crude Composite Curves 
                                    • Hot & Cold Utilities 
                                    • Grand Composite Curve Crude Oil 
                                    • Benefits of Pinch Technology 
                                    • Process Unit Heat Integration 
                                    • Simplified Schematic of Crude/Vacuum Unit Integration 
                                    • Investment Modeling 
                                    • Integer or Mixed Integer Programming (IP or MIP) 
                                    • Example of Integer Programming 
                                    • Choosing Between Crude Units 
                                    • Capacity Creep & Plant Debottlenecking 
                                    • Design Flexibility 
                                    • Capacity Creep, Debottlenecking & Expansion 
                                    • Graphic Definitions of Capacity Creep, Debottlenecking & Expansion 
                                    • Are Capacity Creep, Debottlenecking & Expansion the Same? 
                                    • What Makes Capacity Increases Possible? 
                                    • Some Capacity Increase or Debottlenecking Examples 
                                    • More Capacity Increase or Debottlenecking Examples 
                                    • Debottlenecking Furnaces 
                                    • Capacity Increase Philosophy 
                                    • Module Quiz
                                  • Module 14 - Optimizing Operations Planning

                                    Contents:
                                      • Production Plans - General 
                                      • Feasibility & Optimality 
                                      • Production Plans - Objectives 
                                      • Linear and Non-Linear Models 
                                      • Feasibility 
                                      • Model Types 
                                      • Single Plant Model 
                                      • Time Period Model 
                                      • Multi-Plant Model & Distribution 
                                      • Extreme Operating Mode LP 
                                      • Extreme Operating Mode Model 
                                      • The Real World is Non-Linear 
                                      • The Pooling Problem 
                                      • Swing Cuts 
                                      • Delta-Base Modeling 
                                      • Convexity Constraints 
                                      • Feedstock Evaluation & Ranking 
                                      • Crude Evaluation & Ranking 
                                      • Crude Break Even Values - Example 
                                      • Crude Price Differentials - Example 
                                      • Optimizing Unit Performance 
                                      • Process Models – Fixed Yield 
                                      • Process Models – Modes & Simulation 
                                      • Spreadsheet Material Balance Models 
                                      • Example Excel Refinery Model 
                                      • Marginal Economics
                                      • Exceeding 100% Capacity 
                                      • Linear Incremental Yields Run to Recover Incremental VOC 
                                      • Real Incremental Yields
                                      • Planning versus Scheduling 
                                      • Schedule Optimization 
                                      • Example Blending Model Uses an NLP Recursively 
                                      • Schedule Feasibility 
                                      • Example of Monte Carlo Probability Analysis 
                                      • Optimizing Process Operations 
                                      • Process Unit Optimization Parameters 
                                      • Crude Unit Cut Points - LSR 
                                      • Crude Unit Cut Points – HSR to Kerosene 
                                      • Crude Unit Cut Points – Diesel to HVGO 
                                      • Crude Flash Curves 
                                      • Crude Flash Curves - Diagram 
                                      • Reformer Severity 
                                      • Graphical Optimization of Reformer RON 
                                      • FCCU Conversion 
                                      • Some Other Key Parameters 
                                      • Module Quiz
                                    • Module 15 - Process Controls

                                      Contents:
                                        • Benefits of Improved Control 
                                        • Example of Improved Constraint Control 
                                        • Maximizing the Profit of a Plant 
                                        • Control with Wide Variation 
                                        • Control with Narrow Variation 
                                        • Multivariable Process Control 
                                        • Model Predictive Control 
                                        • Multi-Pass Furnace Controls
                                        • Computed Manipulated Variable Control 
                                        • Computed Reboiler Duty Control 
                                        • Internal Reflux Control 
                                        • Inferential Control 
                                        • Inferential Temperature Control for Distillation Columns 
                                        • Feedback Correction for Feed Composition Changes 
                                        • Neural Networks 
                                        • Neural Networks - History 
                                        • Neural Networks - Advantages 
                                        • Neural Networks vs Conventional Computers 
                                        • How Neural Networks Function 
                                        • Neural Network - Schematic 
                                        • Neural Network - Description 
                                        • Soft Sensors Based on Neural Networks 
                                        • Fuzzy Logic Controls 
                                        • Conventional Controller Logic 
                                        • Fuzzy Controller Logic 
                                        • Dynamic versus Steady State 
                                        • MBPC Optimization 
                                        • Statistical Process Control 
                                        • Control Charts 
                                        • Cusum 
                                        • Shewart vs Cusum 
                                        • Moving Average 
                                        • Shewart vs Moving Average 
                                        • CuSum Control Charts 
                                        • Optimizing Reliability 
                                        • Reliability Centred Maintenance (RCM) 
                                        • Application of RCM 
                                        • Failure Rates 
                                        • Weibull Distribution Function 
                                        • Reliability 
                                        • Probability of Failure 
                                        • Characteristics of Weibull Slope β 
                                        • Reliability vs Runlength Different Weibull Slopes 
                                        • Reliability vs Runlength – Log Plot 
                                        • Root Cause Failure Analysis
                                        • Cause Tree Example 
                                        • FMEA and FMECA
                                        • Basic Procedure for FMEA or FMECA 
                                        • Fault Trees, Probability & Criticality Analysis 
                                        • Basic Logic Diagram 
                                        • Fault Tree and Basic Reliability Diagrams 
                                        • Fault Tree Example
                                        • Risk Evaluation Methods
                                        • Spare Parts and Materials Inventory Management 
                                        • Reorder Point System (ROP) 
                                        • Periodic Reorder System 
                                        • Reorder Point System 
                                        • Reorder Quantity 
                                        • Parts & Materials Usage 
                                        • Example Calculation 
                                        • Moderate Penalty Costs 
                                        • High Penalty Costs 
                                        • Low Penalty Costs 
                                        • Very Low Penalty Costs 
                                        • Turnaround Management Methodology 
                                        • Controlling Additional Costs 
                                        • Additional Work Approval Process 
                                        • The Critical Path Method 
                                        • The Network Diagram 
                                        • The Critical Path 
                                        • Possible Paths & Durations 
                                        • Video: What is Process Control
                                        • Module Quiz
                                      • Module 16 - Management & Information Systems

                                        Contents:
                                          • Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) 
                                          • Risk Management & Optimization 
                                          • Optimization & Risk Management 
                                          • Risk Management Methods 
                                          • HAZOP Study 
                                          • HAZOP Objectives 
                                          • Consequences to be Considered 
                                          • HAZOP Guide Words 
                                          • HAZOP Team Review Process 
                                          • Successful HAZOP Criteria 
                                          • Hedging 
                                          • Optimizing Offsites Operations 
                                          • Tank Farm Layout 
                                          • Optimum Storage Volume 
                                          • Blending Optimization 
                                          • Inventory Management 
                                          • Utilities Management 
                                          • Boiler Management 
                                          • Steam System Conventional Control 
                                          • Steam System Control 
                                          • Steam System Advanced Control 
                                          • Fuel Gas System Conventional Control 
                                          • Fuel System Control 
                                          • Fuel Gas System Advanced Control 
                                          • Continuous Improvement 
                                          • It Started With Deming 
                                          • Total Quality Management (TQM) 
                                          • Deming Cycle 
                                          • Continuous Improvement 
                                          • Kaizen
                                          • Lean Manufacturing 
                                          • Just in Time 
                                          • Six Sigma 
                                          • The Balanced Scorecard 
                                          • Comments on Continuous Improvement 
                                          • Some Inconsistencies & Contradictions 
                                          • Improvement Slows Down 
                                          • Continuous Improvement 
                                          • Module Quiz
                                        • Module 17 - Benchmarking & Best Practices

                                          Contents:
                                            • Performance Measures & Profitability 
                                            • Key Performance Indicators 
                                            • Relative Energy Intensity Index – Example
                                            • Relative Maintenance Index US$/EDC
                                            • Key Performance Indicators Refinery Example 
                                            • Best Practices 
                                            • Model Validation 
                                            • Back-Casting 
                                            • Model Validation & Back-Casting 
                                            • Other Considerations 
                                            • Plant Optimization versus Supply Chain Optimization 
                                            • Manufacturing Process Supply Chain 
                                            • Supply Chain Management
                                            • Supply Chain Optimization 
                                            • Supply Chain Optimization - Schematic 
                                            • Refinery & Process Plant Optimization Trends 
                                            • Optimization Trends 
                                            • The Overall Goal 
                                            • Crude Unit Optimization Case Study 
                                            • Crude Unit Expansion - Background 
                                            • Crude/Vacuum Unit Original Design 
                                            • Crude/Vacuum Unit Revamp Before 
                                            • CDU Revamp Philosophy 
                                            • Crude/Vacuum Unit Revamp After 
                                            • CDU Loadings at Original Design 
                                            • CDU Loadings by Adding a Pumparound Increases Capacity by 15% 
                                            • Potential Revamp Capacity Increase = 85% 
                                            • Actual Revamp Adds 40% Capacity 
                                            • VDU Revamp Philosophy 
                                            • Flashed Crude Composite Curves 
                                            • MVPC Optimization 
                                            • CDU/VDU Yields Before & After 
                                            • Benefits – Margin & Capture 
                                            • Video: Benchmark Costs of oil and gas
                                            • Module Quiz
                                          • Post-Test

                                            Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.