Topic outline

  • ABB Generator-Session 1

    This course provides an overview of all significant aspects and considerations of ABB generators for engineers, supervisors, foremen and other technical maintenance and operational staff
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain an in-depth knowledge on ABB generators Describe electrical generators, electromagnetism, basic principle of a generator, electromagnetic effect, commutator and brushes
      Identify DC generator components, basic DC generator, alternators and the three phase alternators Perform typical alternator assembly, alternator coil (winding) connection and rotor assembly
      Recognize the two types of rotors comprising of the salient-pole rotor and the cylindrical rotor Determine winding temperature and review winding insulation ratings
      Describe neutral earthing resistor and insulated bearings as well as employ excitation of generators, conventional excitation, static excitation and brushless excitation Recognize the three phase’s synchronous generator and explain the advantage of 3-phase generator
      Apply electromotive force for each stator winding and carryout generator protection in accordance with ANSI codes for protection Employ typical one line diagram generator protection and discuss the details for generator protections
      Regulate voltage as well as parallel and synchronize generators Carryout coupling operations with a synchronoscope and parallel control operation
      Start and stop generator sets and apply machine protection
      • Course Description

        This E-learning course is designed to provide participants with a detailed and up-to-date overview of ABB generators. It covers the electrical generators, electromagnetism, basic principle of a generator, electromagnetic effect, commutator and brushes; the DC generator components, basic DC generator, alternators and the three phase alternators; the typical alternator assembly, alternator coil (winding) connection and rotor assembly; the two types of rotors comprising of the salient-pole rotor and the cylindrical rotor; the winding temperature and winding insulation ratings; and the neutral earthing resistor and insulated bearings
        During this course, participants will learn the excitation of generators, conventional excitation, static excitation and brushless excitation; the three phase’s synchronous generator and the advantage of 3-phase generator; the electromotive force for each stator winding and generator protection in accordance with ANSI Codes for protection; the typical one line diagram generator protection and the details for generator protections; the regulation of voltage, paralleling and synchronizing of generators; and the coupling operations with a synchronoscope and parallel control operation; and the startup and stopping of  generator sets and machine protection
        • Module 1 - Electrical Generators

          Contents:
            • Introduction
            • Generators
            • Video: How a electrical generator works
            • Basic Principle of a Generator 
            • Electromagnetic Effect 
            • Commutator & Brushes 
            • DC Generator
            • Conditions for Paralleling
            • Distribution with Several Generators in Parallel
            • Four Conditions to Parallel Generators
            • Procedure to Synchronize a Generator 
            • Coupling Operations with a Synchronoscope 
            • Tolerances for Coupling/Synchronizing
            • Parallel Control Operation
            • Taking the Load 
            • Load Sharing
            • Operation of Generator Sets
            • Starting and Stopping of Generator Sets
            • Starting Means of Generators
            • Machine Protection
            • Information Interface – Generator to Switchgear
            • Warnings and Cautions
            • Warnings
            • Caution
            • Conclusion
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - Damage Curves in Generator

            Contents:
              • Damage Curves
              • Insulated Power Cable Damage Curves
              • Video: How to repair damage cable insulation
              • Generator Thermal Limit Curves
              • Overcurrent Coordination Setting Guidelines Generators
              • MV Generator Switchgear Feeder Unit with Voltage Controlled 51V
              • LV Generator Molded Case Circuit Breaker or Power Circuit Breaker Feeder Unit 
              • Transformer Overcurrent Protection 
              • Overcurrent Coordination Setting Guidelines Transformers
              • MV Transformer Switchgear Feeder Unit
              • LV Transformer CB Feeder Unit
              • MV Motor Overcurrent Protection
              • Overcurrent Coordination Setting Guidelines Motors
              • MV Motor Switchgear Feeder Unit
              • MV Motor Fused Starter Feeder Unit 
              • LV Motor Circuit Breaker Feeder Unit 
              • LV Motor MCP Starter Feeder Unit 
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Basic Fault Calculations

              Contents:
                • Single Line Diagram
                • Need for Protection 
                • Faults, Types and Effects 
                • Simple Calculations of Short Circuits 
                • Video: Short Circuit Calculations and Symmetrical Components 
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Generator Protection

                Contents:
                  • Differential Protection (87)
                  • Stator Ground Fault Protection (64 or 59n)
                  • Rotor Ground Fault Protection (64)
                  • Phase Unbalance or Negative Phase Sequence Protection (46)
                  • Interturn Protection (60)
                  • Underfrequency and Overfrequency Protection (81)
                  • Out-of-Step Protection (21-78)
                  • Loss of Excitation Protection (40)
                  • Overexcitation Protection (59)
                  • Reverse Power Protection (32)
                  • Supplementary Start Protection (50)
                  • Phase Back-up Protection (21B)
                  • Generator Overcurrent Protection Voltage Controlled & Voltage Restrained
                  • Generator Short-Circuit Current
                  • Video: Generator Protection in test universe and CMC relay tester
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 5 - Generator Testing

                  Contents:
                    • Standard Tests
                    • Standard Test Sheet
                    • Voltage Transient Test Sheets
                    • Special Tests
                    • Application Specific Special Tests
                    • Generator Efficiency Test
                    • Voltage Transients
                    • Reactances
                    • Inspection of Generator
                    • Certification Requirements 
                    • State Licensure Requirements 
                    • Maintenance and Testing – Applicable Standards 
                    • Maintenance and testing – General 
                    • Weekly Inspections 
                    • Monthly Testing 
                    • 3-Year Testing 
                    • Automatic Transfer Switches (ATS) 
                    • Some Words of Caution on Testing
                    • Document Your Inspections and Tests
                    • Test Equipment
                    • General Principles
                    • Ammeters, Voltmeters and Ohmmeters
                    • Clamp Meters
                    • Multimeters
                    • Phase Meters
                    • Oscilloscopes
                    • Phasing Sticks
                    • Voltage Testers
                    • Cable Fault Locators
                    • Instrument Transformers Test Equipment
                    • Relay and Meter Test Equipment
                    • Insulation Testers (MEGGER)
                    • Earthing Test Equipment
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Module 6 - Industrial Power Management System For Industrial Plants

                    Contents:
                      • Business Drivers for PMS
                      • Operational Drivers for PMS
                      • Architecture
                      • Typical Electrical Network of Industries
                      • Electrical Distribution Equipment
                      • Video: How Electrical Distribution Equipment Fits Together
                      • Industrial System 800xA Architecture for PMS
                      • PMS Functionality
                      • Load Shedding: The Types
                      • Load Shedding: Keywords
                      • ABB’s Starting-Point for Load Shedding
                      • Contingency Load Shedding
                      • Technical Data Load Shedding
                      • Display Load Shedding Overview
                      • Display Generator Capability Diagram
                      • Active and Reactive Power Control
                      • Power Control Example Displays
                      • Display Calculated Control Margins
                      • Generator Capability Diagram Display
                      • Generator Dialogue Faceplates
                      • Display Grid Capability Diagram
                      • Display Maximum Demand Monitoring
                      • Display Tie-line Billing Calculation
                      • Display Monitoring Tie-line
                      • Display Mark V Vibration
                      • Display Mark V Gas Turbine Generator Overview
                      • Mode Control
                      • Display Governor Mode Control
                      • Supervision, Control and Data Acquisition
                      • Integration with Supervisory Systems
                      • Integration with Subordinated Systems
                      • Integrated Protection & Control Units
                      • Re-Acceleration/Re-Starting
                      • Synchronisation
                      • Display Synchronisation (Jamnagar)
                      • Power Management Functionality: Summary
                      • Tertiary Control
                      • PMS Benefits
                      • ABB Industrial PMS Allows You To
                      • Why ABB Industrial PMS?
                      • Module Quiz
                    • Module 7 - SwitchgearSurvival Guide: Ten Tips to Optimize Switchgear Life and Enhance Reliability

                      Contents:
                        • Introduction
                        • Ten Tips to Optimize the Life of Electrical Switchgear
                        • Conclusion
                        • System Earthing
                        • What Will Happened in Case of Short Circuits?
                        • Zero Sequence Current
                        • Types of Faults
                        • Consequences
                        • Solutions
                        • Benefits 
                        • Earthing Methods
                        • Video:  The advantages of an ungrounded system
                        • Extract from a Code of Practice on Neutral Earthing of MV Power Systems
                        • Extract From Code of Practice
                        • Touch Potentials
                        • Effects of Electricity on Humans
                        • Dangerous Current Flows
                        • Effects of a Current Flow Through the Body
                        • Normal Electrocardiogram
                        • Resistance of the Human Body
                        • Principles of Core-balance Protection
                        • Protection on Direct Contact
                        • Connection of Core Balance CT in a Three Phase System
                        • Protection Against Unsafe Voltage Rise
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Module 8 - Substation Grounding and Bonding

                        Contents:
                          • Design of a Substation Grounding System
                          • The Mathematical Model
                          • Design and Optimize Substation Grounding Grid Based on IEEE STD. 80 - 2000 using Market Software 
                          • Bonding
                          • The Key? –Just Bond It Together!
                          • Bonding
                          • Preparations -  Crimping & Exothermic Welding
                          • Preparation – Busbag Lug Connection
                          • Bonding
                          • Hazardous Area Classification And The Selection of Equipment
                          • Definitions
                          • ATEX Directive 94/9/EC
                          • What is ATEX?
                          • Directive 137
                          • Who Needs to Comply with the ATEX Directive?
                          • ATEX Directive Scope
                          • ATEX Groups and Categories
                          • Group II
                          • ATEX Zones
                          • ATEX 137
                          • Hazard - Gas, Mists or Vapors
                          • Hazard - Dusts
                          • 1-Jul-03
                          • Mandatory
                          • Requirements
                          • Coverage
                          • Groups and Categories of Apparatus
                          • CE Marking of Equipment
                          • ATEX Markings
                          • ATEX Product Markings
                          • Marking
                          • Module Quiz
                        • Module 9 - Hazardous Area Classification (HAC) Standards

                          Contents:
                            • Equipment Enclosures NEMA vs IP Ratings
                            • Conversion of Nema Enclosure Type Numbers To IP Classification
                            • Shell Deluge Test
                            • ATEX - The New European Approval Process
                            • The CE Mark
                            • ATEX Concept Categories
                            • ATEX Approvals for OEM(Original Equipment Manufacture)
                            • ATEX Approvals for OEM
                            • The IEC Ex Scheme
                            • HAC - Relevant International Standards
                            • Standards for Installation
                            • Standards for Various Protection Techniques
                            • Hazardous Area Standards EC
                            • CENELEC (Comité Européen de Normalisation ELECtrotechnique)
                            • Relationship Between CENELEC and IEC Standards
                            • Examples of Hazardous Area Classification
                            • Video: Hazardous area classification in Australia/NZ
                            • Module Quiz
                          • Module 10 - De-Energized Work

                            Contents:
                              • Introduction
                              • Policies and Procedures
                              • Voltage Detection Equipment
                              • Lock and Tag Out
                              • Permit to Work (PTW) and Work Assignment
                              • Grounds and Personal Protective Grounds
                              • Personnel Protection
                              • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
                              • PPE for Arc Flash
                              • Emergency Planning
                              • Emergency Plan
                              • Communications and Phone Numbers
                              • Panic Button
                              • Electrical Fires and Fire Fighting
                              • Video: What is an Arc Flash Study
                              • Additional Resources
                              • Additional Material#1 AMG Synchronous Generator Marine Application Series
                              • Additional Material#2 Permanent Magnet Generator (PMG) User’s Manual Type
                              • Additional Material#3 Automatic Voltage Regulator User’s Manual
                              • Module Quiz
                            • Post-Test

                              Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.