Topic outline

  • Basics of Rotating Equipment / System

    This course provides a basic overview of all significant aspects and considerations of rotating equipment/system for mechanical engineers, rotating equipment engineers, supervisors and other technical staff. Further, the course is suitable to all other engineering disciplines who are dealing with rotating equipment such as process engineers, chemical engineers, electrical engineers, plant engineers, project engineers and instrumentation engineers
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain a basic knowledge on rotating equipment/system Describe turbo-machinery and machine that extract energy as well as differentiate gas turbines versus steam turbines and hydraulic turbines and wind turbines
      Recognize the classification of pumps and the advantages of dynamic, rotary pumps and reciprocating pumps Discuss the fluid and physics basics including energy, kinetic energy, potential (gravitational) energy, mechanical energy and pressure energy
      Describe the continuity equation (conservation of mass), Bernoulli’s principle, classification of pumps, theory of gas compression, Boyle’s law and Charles’s law Employ heat transfer and identify its applications
      Discuss heat transfer fundamentals, heat transfer methods and classification of pumps Carryout the typical operating regimes of various compressors that include dynamic, centrifugal and rotary compressors
      Describe the generation of centrifugal force and conversion of kinetic energy to pressure energy Recognize the classification and three categories of centrifugal pumps
      Identify opposite impellers multi-stage, impellers in row multi-stage, pump rotor axial thrust, balancing drum and balancing disk Employ centrifugal pumps construction and centrifugal pumps arrangement
      Differentiate single volute versus double volute and recognize discharge outlet, seals and wear rings Determine wear ring clearance, impeller size, liquid cleanliness and impeller RPM
      Discuss the principles of operation of rotary pumps comprising of external gear pumps, internal gear pumps, lobe pumps, vane pumps and screw pumps Differentiate horizontally split versus vertically split process centrifugal compressors
      • Course Description

        This E-learning course is designed to provide participants with a basic overview of rotating equipment/system. It covers the turbo-machinery and machine that extract energy; the gas turbines, steam turbines, hydraulic turbines and wind turbines; the classification of pumps and the advantages of dynamic, rotary pumps and reciprocating pumps; the fluid and physics basics; the continuity equation (conservation of mass), Bernoulli’s principle, classification of pumps, theory of gas compression, Boyle’s law and Charles’s law; the heat transfer and its applications; the heat transfer fundamentals, heat transfer methods and classification of pumps; the typical operating regimes of various compressors; the generation of centrifugal force and conversion of kinetic energy to pressure energy; the classification and three categories of centrifugal pumps; and the opposite impellers multi-stage
        During this course, participants will learn the impellers in row multi-stage, pump rotor axial thrust, balancing drum and balancing disk; the centrifugal pumps construction and centrifugal pumps arrangement; the single volute, double volute, discharge outlet, seals and wear rings; the wear ring clearance, impeller size, liquid cleanliness and impeller RPM; the principles of operation of rotary pumps comprising of external gear pumps, internal gear pumps, lobe pumps, vane pumps and screw pumps; and the horizontally split versus vertically split process centrifugal compressors
        • Module 1 - Overview of Rotating Equipment

          Contents:
            • What is meant by “Turbo-machinery”?
            • Machines that Extract Energy
            • Pumps Add Energy to Fluids
            • Classification of Pumps
            • Pumps Classification
            • Advantages of Dynamic (Centrifugal Pumps)
            • Advantages of Rotary Pumps
            • Advantages of Reciprocating Pumps
            • Fluid and Physics Basics
            • Energy
            • Kinetic Energy
            • Potential (Gravitational) Energy
            • Mechanical Energy
            • Pressure Energy
            • Pressure, Gage & Absolute
            • Fluid and Physics Basics
            • Fluid Mechanics
            • Flow Through Pipes
            • Example: Pressure Drop
            • The Continuity Equation (Conservation of Mass)
            • Fluid Flow
            • Bernoulli’s Principle
            • Vapor Pressure
            • Specific Gravity
            • Viscosity
            • Heat Transfer & Its Application
            • Temperature and Heat
            • The Temperature Units
            • Measuring Units of Heat 
            • Heat Transfer Fundamentals
            • Heat Transfer & Its Application
            • Heat Transfer Methods
            • Classification of Pumps
            • Theory of Gas Compression
            • Gas Compression
            • Air
            • Boyle’s Law
            • Theory of Gas Compression
            • Charles’s Law
            • Theory of Gas Compression
            • Combined Gas Law
            • How Compressors Work
            • Types of Compressors
            • Typical Operating Regimes of Compressors
            • 1- Dynamic compressors
            • Centrifugal Compressor 
            • Rotary Compressor
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - Centrifugal Pumps

            Contents:
              • Introduction
              • How Do Centrifugal Pumps Work?
              • How the Centrifugal Pumps Work?
              • Video: How Does a Centrifugal Pump Work?
              • Classification of Centrifugal Pumps
              • Classification With Respect To The Liquid Flow 
              • The Centrifugal Pump Spectrum
              • Centrifugal Pumps Construction
              • Centrifugal Pump 
              • Impeller – Open Type
              • Impeller – Closed Type
              • Impeller Vanes
              • Impeller Suction
              • Impeller Positioning 
              • Impeller Number
              • Unbalance on Each Impeller = Pd - Ps 
              • Other Centrifugal Pumps 
              • Centrifugal Pumps Arrangement 
              • ANSI Pump Unit
              • Premium Fabricated Steel
              • Shaft
              • Casing
              • Diffuser
              • Seals
              • Wear Rings
              • Wear Ring Clearance
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Positive Displacement Pumps

              Contents:
                • Video: What is a Positive Displacement Pump?
                • Positive Displacement Pumps
                • Rotary Pumps
                • Rotary Pumps – External Gear Pumps
                • Rotary Pumps – Internal Gear Pumps
                • Rotary Pumps – Lobe Pumps
                • Rotary Pumps – Vane Pumps
                • Rotary Pumps – Screw Pumps
                • Rotary Pumps – Advantages
                • Rotary Pumps – Disadvantages
                • Reciprocating Pumps
                • Double Acting Piston Pump
                • Pressure Pulsation Dampener on the Discharge Side 
                • Pressure Pulsation Dampener
                • Reciprocating Pumps
                • Reciprocating Pumps – Bent Axis Piston Pump
                • Reciprocating Pumps – Swash Plate Piston Pump
                • Diaphragm Pumps
                • Reciprocating Pumps – Advantages
                • Reciprocating Pumps – Disadvantages
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Centrifugal Compressors

                Contents:
                  • How Centrifugal Compressor Works?
                  • Video: How Does a Centrifugal Compressor Work
                  • Centrifugal Compressor Components
                  • Centrifugal Compressors
                  • Compressor Casing
                  • Guide Vanes
                  • The Function of the Guide Vanes
                  • The Compressor Rotor
                  • Diaphragms
                  • Centrifugal Compressors Surge Protection
                  • Surge Point
                  • Dynamic Compressors - Centrifugal
                  • Surge - Definition
                  • Surge Protection
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 5 - Positive Displacement Compressors

                  Contents:
                    • Reciprocating Compressors
                    • Positive Displacement Reciprocating Compressors
                    • Reciprocating Compressors - Theory
                    • Reciprocating Compressors – Main Parts
                    • Reciprocating Compressors - Advantages
                    • Reciprocating Compressors - Disadvantages
                    • Video: How a Reciprocating Compressor Works and Its Accessories
                    • API Standards 
                    • Summary 
                    • Reciprocating Compressor 
                    • Rotary Compressors
                    • Rotary Compressors – Screw Type
                    • 1.2.1 Screw Compressor
                    • Rotary Screw Compressors
                    • Rotary Compressors – Lobe Type
                    • Rotary Compressors – Rotary Vane Type
                    • Vane Compressors
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Module 6 - Condensing

                    Contents:
                      • Steam Turbine - Introduction 
                      • Steam Turbine – Theory of Operation 
                      • Steam Turbine - Introduction 
                      • Steam Turbine – Theory of Operation 
                      • Steam Turbine - Introduction 
                      • Video: How Does a Steam Turbine Work 
                      • Classification of Steam Turbines
                      • Classification of Steam Turbines Condensing
                      • Classification of Steam Turbines Non-Condensing / Back Pressure
                      • Classification of Steam Turbines Extraction
                      • Classification of Steam Turbines Induction
                      • Steam Turbines
                      • Classification of Steam Turbines
                      • Steam Turbines
                      • Type of Steam
                      • Components of Steam Turbines
                      • Steam Turbines
                      • Components of Steam turbine 
                      • Fixed Nozzle
                      • Rotating Blades
                      • Steam Turbines Seals
                      • Shaft Sealing, Labyrinth Seals vs Carbon Seals
                      • Steam Turbines Standards
                      • API Standards 
                      • Module Quiz
                    • Module 7 - Gas Turbines

                      Contents:
                        • Gas Turbines Components
                        • Video: How a Gas Turbine Works
                        • Axial-Flow Compressors
                        • Axial-Flow Compressors Function Description
                        • Compressor Design and Operation
                        • Compressor Extraction
                        • Axial Compressors - Compressor Surge
                        • Axial-Flow Compressors - Inlet Guide Vanes (IGV)
                        • Variable Inlet Guide Vane System
                        • Axial-Flow Compressors - Bleed Valves
                        • Compressor Bleed Valves
                        • Axial-Flow Compressors - Exit Guide Vanes (EGV)
                        • Combustors
                        • Combustion Section
                        • Combustion Liner
                        • Combustors Fuel Nozzles
                        • Combustors Spark Plugs 
                        • Combustors Cross Fire Tubes
                        • Combustors Flame Detectors
                        • Combustors Transition Piece
                        • Transition Piece
                        • Combustion Processes
                        • Power Turbine
                        • Power Turbine Function Description
                        • Turbine Stationary Nozzles
                        • Development of Gas Turbines
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Module 8 - The Facts of Unsatisfactory Bearing Life We Have To Deal With…

                        Contents:
                          • The Importance of Lubricating Why do we Lubricate?
                          • Temperature Monitoring
                          • Preventive Maintenance (PM)
                          • Lubrication Storage and Handling 
                          • Preventive Maintenance (PM)
                          • Lubrication Storage and Handling 
                          • Preventive Maintenance (PM)
                          • Lubrication Storage and Handling 
                          • Temperature Monitoring
                          • Effect of Temperature on Viscosity
                          • What is Grease?
                          • Hydrodynamic Lubrication
                          • Methods of Supply
                          • Hybrid Lubrication
                          • Video: SKF Bearing Lubrication
                          • Oil Analysis
                          • Bearings 
                          • Bearings - Introduction
                          •  Anti-Friction Bearings
                          • Bearing loads
                          • Journal Bearings
                          • Hydrodynamic Journal Bearings
                          • Hydrodynamic Bearings – Working Principle
                          • Journal or Plain Bearings
                          • Tilting-Pad Journal Bearings
                          • Thrust Bearings
                          • Tilting Pad Thrust Bearings
                          • Equalizing Tilting-Pad Thrust Bearings
                          • Combined Radial and Thrust Bearings
                          • Harmful Temperature Increase
                          • The Following are the Effects of Vibration:
                          • 1-Improper Installation and Handing
                          • Describe the Causes of Bearing Failure
                          • Brinelling
                          • The Correct Amount of Lubricant
                          • Fatigue
                          • Look
                          • Anti-Friction Bearing Removal and Installation 
                          • Bearing Life
                          • Bearings Are Designed To Last ! 
                          • General Relationships on Bearing Life
                          • Do your bearings survive under the following conditions?
                          • Most Bearings Fail Early – Why?
                          • Performance Criteria and The Correct Grease
                          • How Much Moisture is TOO MUCH?
                          • Effects of Corrosion  The Primary Challenge to Bearings in Industry
                          • The Facts of Unsatisfactory Bearing Life We Have To Deal With… 
                          • Attack the Root Causes and Maximize Bearing Life!
                          • Ball and Roller Bearing
                          • Overheating
                          • Failure Modes
                          • True Brinelling
                          • False Brinelling
                          • Normal Fatigue Failure
                          • Contamination
                          • Failure Modes
                          • Lubricant Failure
                          • Failure Modes
                          • Corrosion
                          • Failure Modes
                          • Misalignment
                          • Loose Fits
                          • Tight Fits
                          • Table Plain (Journal) Bearing Failure Modes and their Causes
                          • Troubleshooting Journal Bearings
                          • Module Quiz
                        • Module 9 - Case Studies

                          Contents:
                            • Case 1
                            • Case 2
                            • Case 3
                            • Case 4
                            • Case 5
                            • Case 6
                            • Case 7
                            • Case 8
                            • Case 9
                            • Case 10
                            • Case 11
                            • Case 12
                          • Post-Test

                            Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.