Topic outline

  • Basics of Instrumentation and Measurement

    This course provides an overview of all significant aspects and considerations of instrumentation and measurement for senior engineers, operation engineers, operational and maintenance staff.
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain a basic knowledge on instrumentation and measurement Define basic measurement and discuss the range of operations, performance terms, hysteresis, linearity and repeatability
      Identify instrument symbols, instrument installation-guidelines, elements of a process control system, transmitters and controller Recognize the final control element, basic control concepts – variables, controlled and manipulated quantities and elements of a process control system
      Carryout process, measurement, evaluation, control element, manual control and feedback control Discuss the general requirements of a control system, cyclic response to a process disturbance and evaluation of control loop response
      Determine the ultimate gain and period and apply modes of control - tuning methods, ratio control and cascade control Illustrate flow control, level & pressure control and temperature control
      Recognize the various type of control valves and perform butterfly valve body assembly, flashing and cavitation Describe valve flow characteristics, linear characteristics, valve accessories and principles of flow measurement
      Apply flow measurement, liquid flow measurement, gas flow measurement, steam flow measurement and flowmeter classification Recognize the type of flowmeters, volumetric, basis of operation and selection and sizing
      Employ installation techniques, temperature rise method, temperature measurement, typical thermal well installation and typical applications Carryout level measurement, continuous measurement, point detection, application limitations and gauging rod method
      Recognize, buoyancy tape systems, typical applications, ultrasonic measurement and radar measurement Identify the main types of antenna, magnetic gauges, radiation level measurement and conductive level detectors
      Apply selection and sizing, installation techniques, typical applications, pressure measurement, installation considerations, selection guidelines, sensor characterization and smart technology
      • Course Description

        This E-learning course is designed to provide participants with a basic overview of instrumentation and measurement. It covers the basic measurement, range of operations, performance terms, hysteresis, linearity and repeatability; the instrument symbols, instrument installation-guidelines, elements of a process control system, transmitters and controller; the final control element, basic control concepts – variables, controlled and manipulated quantities and elements of a process control system; and the process, measurement, evaluation, control element, manual control and feedback control
        Further, the course will also discuss the general requirements of a control system, cyclic response to a process disturbance and evaluation of control loop response; the ultimate gain and period; the modes of control - tuning methods, ratio control and cascade control; the flow control, level and pressure control and temperature control; the various type of control valves; the butterfly valve body assembly, flashing and cavitation; the valve flow characteristics, linear characteristics, valve accessories and principles of flow measurement; the flow measurement, liquid flow measurement, gas flow measurement, steam flow measurement and flowmeter classification; the type of flowmeters, volumetric, basis of operation and selection and sizing; and the installation techniques, temperature rise method and temperature measurement
        • Module 1 - Theory and Application - Basic Measurement Definitions

          Contents:
            • Basic Measurement Definitions
            • Accuracy
            • Range of Operations
            • Budget
            • Performance Terms
            • Hysteresis
            • Linearity
            • Repeatability
            • Response
            • Instrument Symbols
            • Instrument Installation-Guidelines
            • Control History
            • Basic Control Theory
            • Transmitters
            • Controller
            • Elements of a Process Control System
            • Final Control Element
            • Basic Control Concepts - Variables
            • Variables
            • Variables Involved
            • Controlled Quantities
            • Manipulated Quantities
            • Disturbances
            • Manipulated Variable
            • Basic Elements
            • Basic Control Concepts
            • Process
            • Measurement
            • Evaluation
            • Control Element
            • Basic Control Concepts
            • Manual Control
            • Typical Manual Control
            • Feedback Control
            • Advantages of Feedback Control
            • Video: Instrumentation and Process Control - Basic Measurement Concepts
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - Basic Control Concepts

            Contents:
              • General Requirements of a Control System
              • ON – OFF Control
              • System Responses
              • Modes of Control - Stability
              • Stability of the Feedback Loop
              • Modes of Control - Ultimate Gain
              • Determining the Ultimate Gain and Period
              • Modes of Control - Tuning Methods
              • Tuning for Quarter Decay Response
              • Modes of Control - Ratio Control
              • Ratio Control
              • Modes of Control - Cascade Control
              • Cascade Control
              • Video: Introduction to Cascade Control
              • Feed Heater Control –Single Loop Control
              • Principles
              • Advantages
              • Disadvantages
              • Modes of Control - Application Examples
              • Application Examples
              • Flow Control
              • Level & Pressure Control
              • Temperature Control
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Control Valves

              Contents:
                • Type of Control Valves
                • CV of a Control Valve
                • Butterfly Valve Body Assembly
                • Flashing and Cavitation
                • Valve Plugs According to Flow Characteristics
                • Valve Flow Characteristics
                • Linear Characteristics
                • Valve Accessories
                • Measurements - Flow Measurement
                • Principles of Flow Measurement
                • Viscosity
                • Density
                • Specific Gravity
                • Rangeability
                • Velocity
                • Liquid Flow Measurement
                • Gas Flow Measurement
                • Steam Flow Measurement
                • Flow Rate
                • Volume Flow Rate
                • Mass Flow Rate
                • Principles of Flow Measurement
                • Flowmeter Classification
                • Type of Flowmeters
                • Flow Measurement
                • Oscillatory Flow Measurement
                • Turbine Flowmeters
                • Basis of Operation
                • Selection and Sizing
                • Vortex Flowmeters
                • Secondary Element
                • Advantages
                • Disadvantages
                • Installation Considerations
                • General - Installation Techniques
                • Future Technologies
                • Thermal Type Flowmeters
                • Principle of Temperature Rise Method
                • Video: Control Valves
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Temperature Measurement

                Contents:
                  • Principles
                  • Temperature Measurement
                  • Resistive Temperature Devices (RTD)
                  • Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTD)
                  • Video: Resistance Temperature Device (RTD)
                  • Typical RTD and Thermowell Construction
                  • Field-Mounted Thermometers
                  • Thermocouples
                  • Installation Techniques
                  • Application Details
                  • Typical Applications
                  • Advantages
                  • Disadvantages
                  • Summary
                  • Level Measurement - Main Types
                  • Main Types
                  • Simple Sight Glasses
                  • Application Limitations
                  • Gauging Rod Method
                  • Buoyancy Tape Systems
                  • Ultrasonic Measurement
                  • Radar Measurement
                  • Magnetic Gauges
                  • Radiation Level Measurement
                  • Basic Principles
                  • Electrical Measurement
                  • Conductive
                  • Conductive Level Detectors
                  • Advantages
                  • Disadvantages
                  • Capacitive Level Measurement
                  • Selection and Sizing
                  • Installation Techniques
                  • Installation Considerations
                  • Atmospheric Vessels
                  • Pressurized Vessels
                  • Future Technologies
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 5 - Pressure Measurement

                  Contents:
                    • Basic Principles
                    • Pressure Sources
                    • Dynamic Pressure
                    • Pressure Variations
                    • Low Pressure Spring & Bellows Element
                    • Spring & Bellows Elements
                    • Diaphragm, Bellows and Piston
                    • Application Limitations
                    • Manometer
                    • Atmospheric Reference
                    • Pressure Transducers & Elements (Electrical)
                    • Strain Gauges
                    • Typical Application - Force
                    • Advantages
                    • Disadvantages
                    • Piezoelectric
                    • Pressure Transducers - Electrical
                    • Capacitance
                    • Installation Considerations
                    • Sensor Construction
                    • Temperature Effects
                    • Selection Guidelines
                    • Future Technologies
                    • Sensor Characterisation
                    • Smart Technology
                    • Video: Pressure Measurements
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Post-Test

                    Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.