Topic outline

  • Piping System and Specification

    This course provides an overview of all significant aspects and considerations of piping systems and specification for those who are involved in the inspection, repair, alteration and re-rating of in-service piping systems. Other engineers, managers, mechanical design draftsmen or technical staff who are dealing with piping systems will definitely benefit from this course.

    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain a comprehensive knowledge on piping system and specification Discuss ASME B31.3 process piping, piping development process and ASME piping system standards
      Recognize severe cyclic conditions and employ metallic pipe and fitting selection Identify the bases for selection and review flange P-T ratings
      Discuss reliability, robustness, fire resistance, blow-out resistance, tendencies to leak, corrosion resistance, corrosion under insulation and material toughness Describe piping component standards and recognize listed components and some unlisted components
      Identify fluid service requirements, pipe fluid service requirements, threaded joint fluid service requirements and solder, brazed joint fluid service requirements and requirements miter bend fluid service Illustrate important gasket characteristics and identify bolting fluid service requirements
      Employ pipe and fitting selection as well as apply impact test methods and acceptance Discuss specific material consideration as well as differentiate aluminium and aluminium alloys
      Describe pressure design of components, fittings, pipe bends, reducers, fabricated branch connections, flanges and blanks Identify code requirements, listed valves and P-T ratings
      • Course Description

        This E-learning course is designed to provide participants with a detailed and up-to-date overview of piping system and specification. It covers the ASME B31.3 process piping, piping development process and ASME piping system standards; the severe cyclic conditions, metallic pipe and fitting selection; the bases for selection and flange P-T ratings; the reliability, robustness, fire resistance, blow-out resistance, tendencies to leak, corrosion resistance, corrosion under insulation and material toughness; and the piping component standards, listed components and some unlisted components
        During this course, participants will learn the fluid service requirements, pipe fluid service requirements, threaded joint fluid service requirements and solder; the brazed joint fluid service requirements and requirements miter bend fluid service; the important gasket characteristics and bolting fluid service requirements; the pipe and fitting selection, impact test methods and acceptance; the specific material consideration, aluminum and aluminum alloys; the pressure design of components, fittings, pipe bends, reducers, fabricated branch connections, flanges and blanks; and the code requirements, listed valves and P-T ratings
        • Module 1 - Piping Systems and Specification

          Contents:
            • Course Objectives
            • ASME B31.3 Process Piping
            • Scope of B31 .3 Course
            • 1. Introduction
            • Definitions: (300.2)
            • More Definitions
            • Piping Development Process
            • Piping System Standards
            • ASME Piping System Standards
            • More ASME Piping System Standards
            • Other Piping System Standards
            • B31.3 Publication
            • B31.3 Interpretations
            • B31.3 Scope
            • Organization of the Code
            • B31.3 Fluid Service Definitions
            • B31.3 Definitions
            • Metallic Pipe & Fitting Selection
            • Bases for Selection
            • Pressure Class
            • Flange P-T Ratings— Gray Iron (psi)(Class Rated in accordance with ASME B16.1)
            • Flange P-T Ratings — Carbon Steel (psi) (Class Rated in accordance with ASME B16.5)
            • Cl 300 Flange Ratings — Several Materials (psi) (Class Rated in accordance with ASME B16.5, B16.24 and B31.3)
            • Reliability
            • Robustness
            • Fire Resistance
            • Blow-out Resistance
            • Tendencies to Leak
            • Corrosion Resistance
            • Corrosion Under Insulation
            • Material Toughness
            • Example of Brittle Fracture
            • Example of Ductile Deformation
            • Cost
            • Piping Component Standards
            • Some Listed Components - ASME
            • Some Listed Components - Other
            • Listed Components
            • Some Unlisted Components
            • Unlisted Components [302.2.3, 326.2.1]
            • Fluid Service Requirements
            • Piping Components
            • Pipe
            • Pipe - Seamless
            • Pipe - ERW
            • Weld Joint Quality Factor Ej
            • Pipe Fluid Service Requirements
            • Fittings
            • Fittings: Threaded
            • Threaded Joint Fluid Service Requirements
            • Fittings: Socket Welding
            • Fittings: Buttwelding
            • Fittings: OD Tubing
            • Fittings: Water Tube
            • Solder & Brazed Joint Fluid Service Requirements
            • Fittings: Grooved
            • Fittings: Compression for Pipe
            • Fittings: Hygienic
            • Fittings: Hygienic Clamp
            • Fittings: Hygienic Buttweld
            • Fittings for Severe Cyclic Conditions
            • Requirements Miter Bend Fluid Service
            • Branches
            • Fabricated Branches
            • Branches - Branch Connection Fittings
            • Flanges (ASME B16.5)
            • Slip-on Flange Fluid Service Requirements
            • Joints Similar to Lapped Joint
            • Flanges Facings (ASME B16.5)
            • Gaskets
            • Gaskets— Rubber
            • Gaskets — Reinforced Rubber
            • Gaskets - Fluoropolymer
            • Gaskets - Flexible Graphite
            • Gaskets - Spiral Wound
            • Gaskets - Kammprofile
            • Gaskets - Ring Joint
            • Bolting
            • 1st and 2nd degree burns
            • Bolting Fluid Service Requirements
            • More Bolting Fluid Service Requirements
            • Flanged Joints
            • Video: Flanged Joints
            • Pipe & Fitting Selection
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - Materials

            Contents:
              • Strength of Materials
              • Bases for Design Stresses
              • B31.3 Material Requirements
              • Listed and Unlisted Materials
              • Temperature Limits
              • Table 323.2.2
              • Carbon Steel Lower Temperature Limits
              • Figure 323.2.2A
              • Fig.323.2.2B
              • Impact Test Methods and Acceptance
              • Fluid Service Requirements (323.4.2)
              • Deterioration in Service
              • Pressure Design
              • Pressure Design of Metals
              • Design Pressure & Temperature
              • Weld Joint Quality Factor E
              • Weld Joint Strength Factor
              • Pressure Design of Components
              • Straight Pipe
              • Coefficient Y
              • Straight Pipe Wall Thickness
              • Pipe Wall Thicknesses
              • Fittings
              • Fittings - Listed Fitting Example
              • Pipe Bends
              • Reducers
              • Fabricated Branch Connections
              • Flanges and Blanks
              • Bolt Loads - Section VIII, Div. 1
              • Gasket Factors
              • Other Components [304.7.2]
              • Straight Pipe - External Pressure
              • Piping Material Specifications
              • Piping Material Specification Workshop
              • Video: API 6D "specification for Pipeline and Piping Valves"
              • Module Quiz
            • Module 3 - Valve Selection

              Contents:
                • Video: Valve Selection for a Gas Pipeline Block Station
                • Code Requirements
                • Gate Valve
                • Gate Valve Stems
                • Gate Valve Stem Pull Test
                • Gate Valve Trim
                • Gate Valve Discs
                • Extended Body Gate Valve
                • Knife Gate Valves
                • Gate Valve Attributes
                • Globe Valve
                • Needle Instrument Valve
                • Globe Valve Attributes
                • Check Valve
                • Dual-Plate Wafer Check Valves
                • Check Valve Attributes
                • Types vs. P-T Ratings
                • Types vs. Manufacturers
                • Types vs. Attributes
                • Butterfly Valve - Low Pressure
                • Butterfly Valve - High Pressure
                • Ball Valve
                • Ball Valve Attributes
                • Plug Valve
                • Plug Valve Attributes
                • Pinch Valve
                • Pinch Valve Attributes
                • Diaphragm Valve
                • Diaphragm Valve Attributes
                • Flexibility Analysis
                • What are we trying to achieve?
                • Sustained Loads
                • Sustained Loads - Weight
                • Sustained Design Criteria
                • Displacement Loads
                • Displacement Design Criteria
                • Allowable Stress Range Workshop
                • Reaction Design Criteria
                • Design Criteria Summary
                • Flexibility Analysis Example
                • Flexibility Analysis
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Layout and Support

                Contents:
                  • General Considerations
                  • Support Spacing
                  • Sagging Due to Creep (100,000 hrs)
                  • Support Locations
                  • Simple Support
                  • Guide
                  • Spring Hangers
                  • Special Purpose Supports
                  • Support Element Selection
                  • The Sustained Load Analysis
                  • Fixing Problems
                  • Reactions
                  • General Considerations
                  • Fabricated Equipment
                  • Calculation Methods
                  • Reaction Limits
                  • Nozzle Flexibility
                  • Rotating Equipment
                  • Calculation Methods
                  • Temperature Range Examples
                  • Calculation Methods
                  • Reaction Limits
                  • Supports
                  • Calculation Methods
                  • Reaction Limits
                  • Support Flexibility
                  • Flanged Joints
                  • Cold Spring
                  • Module Quiz
                • Module 5 - Designing with Expansion Joints

                  Contents:
                    • Types of Expansion Joints
                    • Pressure Thrust
                    • Installation of Expansion Joints
                    • Bellows Movement
                    • Universal Expansion Joint
                    • Hinged Expansion Joint
                    • Gimbal Expansion Joint
                    • Pressure Balanced Expansion Joint
                    • Bellows Expansion Joint Types
                    • Metal Bellows Expansion Joints
                    • Bellows Shapes (EJMA)
                    • Metal Bellows Failure Modes
                    • Flixborough Disaster
                    • Metal Bellows Fatigue
                    • Special Designs
                    • Designer Responsibilities
                    • Metal Bellows Design Conditions
                    • Piping Design for Metal Bellows
                    • Installation and Testing
                    • Manufacturer Responsibilities
                    • Other Considerations
                    • Problems to Avoid
                    • Fabrication and Installation
                    • Welder Qualification
                    • Brazer Qualification
                    • Welding Processes — Fusion Weld
                    • Welding Processes — Electric Arc
                    • Shielded Metal Arc Welding
                    • Gas Metal Arc Welding
                    • Flux Cored Arc Welding
                    • Gas Tungsten Arc Welding
                    • Welding Processes
                    • Welding Processes Accepted
                    • Weld Preparation
                    • Typical Welds
                    • Untypical Welds
                    • Typical Welds
                    • Preheating
                    • Heat Treatment
                    • Bending and Forming
                    • Typical Owner Added Requirements
                    • Installation
                    • Flange Joints
                    • Video: Why is so much information needed to design an expansion joint-
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Module 6 - Inspection, Examination & Testing

                    Contents:
                      • Inspection
                      • Examination
                      • Typical Weld Imperfections
                      • Examination Methods
                      • Examination Requirements
                      • Examination Requirements - VT
                      • Examination Requirements - Other
                      • Acceptance Criteria for Welds
                      • Testing
                      • Leak Test Methods
                      • Other Leak Test Provisions
                      • Systems
                      • Instrument Piping [322.3]
                      • Pressure Relieving Systems
                      • Video: SNUP Ultrasonic Testing Machine - SAW pipe inspection
                      • Module Quiz
                    • Module 7 - Nonmetallic Piping

                      Contents:
                        • General
                        • Thermoplastics
                        • Reinforced Thermosetting Resins [RTR]
                        • Reinforced Concrete
                        • Vitrified Clay
                        • Borosilicate Glass
                        • Piping Lined with Nonmetals
                        • Limitations
                        • Category M Fluid Service
                        • General
                        • Design Requirements
                        • Fabrication Requirements
                        • Examination Requirements - VT
                        • Examination Requirements - Other
                        • Metallic Leak Test Requirements
                        • Nonmetallic Examination and Testing Requirements
                        • Typical Owner Added Requirements
                        • Video: Nonmetallic Piping - Exploration into Technology
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Module 8 - High Pressure Piping

                        Contents:
                          • General
                          • Materials
                          • Pressure Design — Straight Pipe
                          • Pressure Design [K304.7.2]
                          • Limitations
                          • Flexibility Analysis
                          • Fabrication
                          • Examination Requirements - VT
                          • Examination Requirements - Other
                          • Testing
                          • Overpressure Protection
                          • Module Quiz
                        • Module 9 - In-Service Piping

                          Contents:
                            • API 570 Piping Inspection Code
                            • Responsibilities
                            • What to Inspect
                            • Video: API 570 - Injection Point - Piping
                            • What to Inspect
                            • External Inspection Checklist
                            • Types of Inspection
                            • Inspection Practices
                            • Frequency and Extent of Inspection
                            • Inspection Intervals
                            • Extent of CUI Inspections
                            • Extent of Small Bore Piping Inspection
                            • Remaining Life Calculation
                            • Corrosion Rate Calculations [LT or ST]
                            • Maximum Allowable Working Pressure
                            • Required Minimum Thickness
                            • Assessment of Inspection Findings
                            • Repairs and Alterations
                            • Temporary Repairs
                            • Fabrication and Examination
                            • Leak Testing
                            • Rerating
                            • Module Quiz
                          • Module 10 - ASME B31.3 Code Interpretations

                            Contents:
                              • ASME B31.3 Code Interpretations
                            • Post-Test

                              Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.