Topic outline

  • Gas Processing and Compression

    This course is intended for those seeking a complete and detailed overview of the various operations that take place in the oil and gas fields. This includes managers, engineers, supervisors and other technical staff. Further, the course is very useful for new recruits and for those who just started to handle responsibilities related to oil and gas operations
    • Training Methodology & Objectives

      Training Methodology

      This Trainee-centered course includes the following training methodologies:-

      • Talking presentation Slides (PPT with audio)
      • Simulation & Animation
      • Exercises
      • Videos
      • Case Studies
      • Gamification (learning through games)
      • Quizzes, Pre-test & Post-test

      Course Objectives

      After completing the course, the employee will:-

      Apply and gain a comprehensive knowledge on gas processing and compression Explain why it is necessary to process raw natural gas and identify pounds of air pollutants produced per billion Btu of energy
      Identify the environmental advantages of natural gas and the major natural gas reserves by country and world energy consumption by fuel Describe the distribution of natural gas from well head through consumption
      Determine the composition of natural gas resources of the lower-48 United States Employ natural gas classification and processing as well as identify the principal products
      Describe combustion characteristics, API gravity, brent crude oil specification, purification, and inlet liquid handling facilities Discuss the nature of hydrates and the major conditions affecting hydrate formation
      Predict hydrate formation using gas gravity (relative density) and employ hydrate inhibition and dehydration by absorption Explain how the molecules reach the interior of the adsorbent
      Differentiate typical concentration versus time curve at an adsorber outlet Identify the important properties of a silica gel and molecular sieve
      Carryout dehydration and mercury removal and explain the importance of de-hydration unit Review de-hydration schematic and discuss the reasons for dehydrating gas, choice of glycol and problems encountered
      Perform hydrostatic testing and gas processing as well as recognize types of water used and natural gas components
      • Course Description

        This E-learning course is designed to provide participants with an up-to-date overview of gas processing and compression. It covers the process raw natural gas and pound of air pollutants produced per billion Btu of energy; the environmental advantages of natural gas and the major natural gas reserves by country and world energy consumption by fuel; the distribution of natural gas from well head through consumption; the composition of natural gas resources; the natural gas classification. processing and the principal products; and the combustion characteristics, API gravity, brent crude oil specification, purification, and inlet liquid handling facilities
        During this course, participants will learn the nature of hydrates and the major conditions affecting hydrate formation; the prediction of hydrate formation using gas gravity (relative density), hydrate inhibition and dehydration by absorption; the process of molecules reaching the interior of the adsorbent; the typical concentration versus time curve at an adsorber outlet; the important properties of a silica gel and molecular sieve; the dehydration, mercury removal and the importance of de-hydration unit; the de-hydration schematic; the reasons for dehydrating gas, choice of glycol and problems encountered; the hydrostatic testing and gas processing; and the types of water used and natural gas components
        • Module 1 - Natural GAS Processing

          Contents:
            • Why it is Necessary to Process Raw Natural Gas? 
            • Overview 
            • Pounds of Air Pollutants Produced Per Billion Btu of Energy
            • Environmental Advantages of Natural GAS 
            • The World Picture for Natural Gas 
            • Major Natural Gas Reserves by Country
            • World Natural Gas Production
            • The World Production of Natural Gas is Summarized in the Following:
            • Natural Gas in the World 
            • FigureI-1 World Energy Consumption by Fuel
            • The Distribution of Natural Gas From Well Head Through Consumption 
            • Natural Gas in the United States
            • Origin
            • Composition 
            • Natural GAS Composition 
            • Composition of Natural Gas Resoures of The Lower-48 United Ststes
            • Natural GAS Classification 
            • Natural GAS Processing and Principal Production
            • Natural GAS Components 
            • Product Specifications 
            • Pipeline Quality Gas
            • Combustion Characteristics 
            • Video: Natural Gas
            • Module Quiz
          • Module 2 - API Gravity

            Contents:
              • Brent Crude Oil Specification
            • Module 3 - Purification

              Contents:
                • Brent Crude Oil SpecificationIntroduction 
                • Inlet Liquid Handling Facilities 
                • Dehydration 
                • Hydrates 
                • The Nature of Hydrates 
                • Hydrate Inhibition 
                • Dehydration by Absorption
                • Glycol Absorption Unit 
                • Dehydration by Adsorption 
                • The Best General Description of Adsorption Is
                • How the Molecules Reach the Interior of the Adsorbent?
                • Adsorption Disadvantages
                • Properties of Industrial Adsorbents
                • Module Quiz
              • Module 4 - Dehydration and Mercury Removal

                Contents:
                  • Presentation Content
                  • The Purpose of the De-hydration Unit
                  • Process Introduction
                  • Process Description
                  • De-hydration Schematic
                  • Video: Gas Dehydration System
                • Module 5 - Glycol Units

                  Contents:
                    • Reasons for Dehydrating Gas
                    • Choice of Glycol
                    • Gas Dehydration
                    • Problems Encountered
                    • Treatment
                    • K-437
                    • Summary
                    • Gas Sweetening Units / Amine Units
                    • Amine Units
                    • Typical Alkanolamines
                    • Gas Scrubbing Unit
                    • Problems
                    • Treatment
                    • Summary
                    • Hydrostatic Testing
                    • Introduction
                    • Types of Water Used
                    • Problems Encountered
                    • Recommendations
                    • Discharging Hydrotest Waters
                    • Treatment
                    • Similar Applications
                    • Summary
                    • Video: Glycol Gas Dehydration System
                    • Module Quiz
                  • Module 6 - Gas Handling Facilities

                    Contents:
                      • Gas-Handling Facilities
                      • Natural Gas Components
                      • GAS Impurities 
                      • Video: Oil & Gas Services - Natural Gas Processing
                      • Module Quiz
                    • Module 7 - Gas Processing

                      Contents:
                        • Principles of Gas Processing 
                        • Separation
                        • Typical Meter Station
                        • Water
                        • Liquid Desiccants 
                        • Solid Bed Desiccants
                        • Molecular Sieve Bed
                        • Tow-tower Solid Desiccant Dehydration Unit
                        • Chemical Reaction Processes 
                        • Basic Process 
                        • Batch Processes
                        • Principles of Gas Processing Operation
                        • Cryogenic Processing
                        • Refrigerant
                        • Lean Oil Absorption 
                        • Glycol Dehydration Unit Operation 
                        • Liquid Desiccants
                        • Gas Flow 
                        • Dew Point
                        • Dew Point Temperature 
                        • Dew Point Depression 
                        • Process Variables
                        • Water Vapor Content of Natural Gas at Saturation
                        • Inlet Glycol Temperature 
                        • Glycol Concentration 
                        • Glycol Circulation Rate 
                        • Glycol Dehydration Control 
                        • Contactor Column
                        • Gas-Condensate-Glycol Separator 
                        • Regenerator
                        • Surge Tank
                        • Glycol/Gas Heat Exchanger 
                        • Water Content 
                        • pH: 
                        • Mono Ethanol Amine (MEA) 
                        • DI Ethanol Amine (DEA) 
                        • TRI Ethanol Amine (TEA) and Methyl Di Ethanol Amine (MDEA) 
                        • Absorption
                        • Heat Transfer 
                        • Basic Process
                        • Inlet Separator 
                        • Flash Tank
                        • Lean/Rich Heat Exchanger
                        • Stripper Column 
                        • Re-boiler 
                        • Reclaimer 
                        • Surge Tank 
                        • Module Quiz
                      • Module 8 - Gas/Liquid Separators

                        Contents:
                          • (A) Separators
                          • Types of Separators
                          • Recycling Separator
                          • Internals
                          • Separator Internals
                          • Knitted Wire Mesh
                          • Disengaging Space
                          • Cyclone Separators
                          • Types of Separators
                          • Separator Sizing
                          • Gas Capacity - Vertical Separators
                          • Gas Capacity - Horizontal Separators
                          • Residence Time (Liquid Retention Time)
                          • Internals
                          • Products
                          • Separator Case Studies
                          • (B) Slug Catcher
                          • Surge/Slug Capacity
                          • Flow Regimes
                          • Flow Regime Map
                          • Vertical Flow Regimes
                          • Vertical Flow Regime Map
                          • Surge/Slug Capacity
                          • (C) Twister Supersonic Separator 
                          • Video: Eaton Gas_Liquid Separator - Type 30L
                          • Module Quiz
                        • Module 9 - Principles of Gas Processing Part 1

                          Contents:
                            • Overview 
                            • Separation 
                            • Metering 
                            • Gas Gathering 
                            • Processing 
                            • Contaminants
                            • Water
                            • Hydrogen Sulfide
                            • Non-Combustible Inert Gases 
                            • Removal of Water
                            • Liquid Desiccants 
                            • Solid Bed Desiccants 
                            • Molecular Sieve Bed
                            • Solid Desiccant Dehydrators 
                            • Methanol Injection 
                            • Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) 
                            • Chemical Reaction Processes 
                            • Membrane Separation Process 
                            • Batch Processes
                            • Removal of Non-Combustible Inert Gases 
                            • Principles of Gas Processing Operation
                            • Overview 
                            • Cryogenics 
                            • Cryogenic Process
                            • Refrigeration 
                            • Refrigerant
                            • Lean Oil Absorption 
                            • Fraction Flow
                            • Fractionation 
                            • Glycol Dehydration Unit Operation 
                            • Overview 
                            • Liquid Desiccants
                            • Glycol Dehydration Process
                            • Gas Flow 
                            • Glycol Flow 
                            • Dew Point
                            • Dew Point Temperature 
                            • Dew Point Depression 
                            • Process Variables
                            • Inlet Gas Temperature
                            • Inlet Gas Pressure
                            • Gas Flow Rate 
                            • Inlet Glycol Temperature 
                            • Glycol Concentration 
                            • Glycol Circulation Rate 
                            • Glycol Dehydration Control
                            • General 
                            • Inlet Separator
                            • Contactor Column 
                            • Gas-Condensate-Glycol Separator
                            • Filters
                            • Solids Removal 
                            • Dissolved Contaminants Removal 
                            • Regenerator 
                            • Surge Tank 
                            • Pumps 
                            • Heat Exchangers 
                            • Glycol/Gas Heat Exchanger
                            • Module Quiz
                          • Module 10 - Principles of Gas Processing Part 2

                            Contents:
                              • Glycol Conditioning Reducing Glycol Losses
                              • General 
                              • Temperature and Pressure Conditions
                              • Inlet Gas Temperature 
                              • Inlet Glycol Temperature 
                              • Re-boiler Temperature 
                              • Still Overhead Temperature 
                              • Heat Exchanger Temperature 
                              • Contactor Pressure 
                              • Regenerator Pressure
                              • Filter Pressure 
                              • G-C-G Separator Pressure: 
                              • Reducing Glycol Losses 
                              • Glycol Tests 
                              • Glycol Weight Percentage 
                              • Water Content 
                              • Hydrocarbon Content 
                              • Salt Content 
                              • Solids Content
                              • PH: 
                              • Iron Content
                              • Foaming
                              • The Main Problems Associated with Foaming Are:
                              • Principles of Amine Sweetening 
                              • Acid Gases in Natural Gas
                              • Gas Sweetening 
                              • Alkanol Amines 
                              • Mono Ethanol Amine (MEA) 
                              • Di Ethanol Amine (DEA) 
                              • TRI Ethanol Amine (TEA) and Methyl di Ethanol Amine (MDEA) 
                              • Absorption
                              • Istillation 
                              • Heat Transfer 
                              • Basic Process
                              • Amine Sweetning: Process Flow and Components  
                              • Overview 
                              • Inlet Separator 
                              • Contactor Column 
                              • Flash Tank 
                              • Filters 
                              • Lean/Rich Heat Exchanger 
                              • Stripper Column 
                              • Reflux Condenser/Accumulator 
                              • Re-Boiler 
                              • Reclaimer 
                              • Surge Tank 
                              • Trim Cooler 
                              • Video: Overview of a Natural Gas Sweetening Plant
                              • Module Quiz
                            • Module 11 - Sulfinol Sweetening Unit

                              Contents:
                                • Amine Gas Sweetening Unit
                                • Case Study & Troubleshooting 
                                • MEA Case Study
                                • DEA Case Study
                                • DGA Case Study
                                • MDEA Case Study
                                • Troubleshooting 
                                • Specific Process and Troubleshooting
                                • The Seeds of Destruction
                                • Dirty Amine Ruins Operation
                                • Corrosion Inhibitors
                                • Reboiler Corrosion
                                • Regenerator Feed Temperature
                                • Reclaimer Operation
                                • Washing The Reclaimer
                                • Extending Reclaimer Tube Life
                                • Using a Reclaimer Instead of a Filter
                                • Foaming
                                • Early Warning System
                                • Causes and Cures or Foaming
                              • Module 12 - Pumps

                                Contents:
                                  • Water Jackets
                                  • Positive Displacement
                                  • Positive Displacement Pump
                                  • Packing Lubrication
                                  • Water Jackets
                                  • Safety Loop
                                  • Acting Steam – Driven Piston Pump
                                  • Power Plunger Pump
                                  • Calssification of Reciprocating Pump
                                  • Piston Pump
                                  • Backstroke 
                                  • Forward Stroke
                                  • Single – Acting Pump
                                  • Bouble – Acting Pump
                                  • Dampener
                                  • Stuffing Box
                                  • Plunger Pump
                                  • Diaphragm Pump
                                  • Suction Strocke
                                  • Discharge Stroke
                                  • Lobe Pump
                                  • Two – Screw Timed Pump
                                  • Three Screw Pump
                                  • Casing with Seal
                                  • Rotor Shaft Bearings
                                  • Plunger Pumps 
                                  • Power Driven Plunger Pump Cross-Section
                                  • Power Driven Triplex Pump 
                                  • Piston Pumps
                                  • Mechanically Actuated
                                  • Rotary Pumps
                                  • Volute Centrifugal Pump
                                  • Fluid Velocity Within A Volute Pump
                                  • Single- Stage, Single- Inlet Volute Pump
                                  • Diffuser Pump 
                                  • Impeller Designs
                                  • Vertical Pumps 
                                  • Horizontal Single Stage Centrifugal With Ball Bearings
                                  • Double Suction Pump
                                  • Opposed Impellers 
                                  • Multi-Stage Pumps
                                  • Split Casings 
                                  • Barrel Casings High Pressure Nine-Stage Barrel- Type Feed Pump
                                  • Barrel Pump Casing Arrangement 
                                  • Vertical Axial Flow Pump
                                  • Mixed Flow Pump
                                  • Wearing Rings 
                                  • Impeller and Casing Wearing Rings 
                                  • Stuffing Boxes 
                                  • Pumped Liquid to Seals
                                  • Shaft Sleeve 
                                  • Rotating Mechanical Seal 
                                  • Stationary Mechanical Seal 
                                  • Self-Aligning Shell Bearing 
                                  • Ball and Roller Bearings 
                                  • Axial Thrust 
                                  • Balanced Axial Thrust 
                                  • Balancing Drum 
                                  • Balancing Disc 
                                  • Pump With Check Valve and Separate Recirculation Control Valve 
                                  • Pump with Automatic Recirculation Valve 
                                  • ARC Valve Cutaway 
                                  • Pump Priming Methods 
                                  • Pump Head Calculations 
                                  • Pump Static Head Arrangements 
                                  • Static Discharge Head Above Liquid Level 
                                  • Pressure Heads on a Pump 
                                • Module 13 - Gas Dehydration & TEG Regeneration Units First Impression

                                  Contents:
                                    • Gas Dehydration & TEG Regeneration Units First Impression
                                  • Module 14 - Condensate Stabilization

                                    Contents:
                                      • Fixed Roof Tanks (Limitation of Use)
                                    • Module 15 - Safety

                                      Contents:
                                        • Fire and explosion
                                        • Oxygen
                                        • Combustible Material
                                        • Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) Awareness
                                        • Nitrogen (N2) Awareness
                                        • Personal Protective Equipment (P.P.E)
                                        • Positive Isolation
                                        • Safe Draining
                                        • Procedures
                                        • Vessel Entry
                                        • Temporary Hose Connections
                                        • Static Electricity
                                        • Where it occurs
                                        • Pyrophoric Iron Sulphide
                                        • Purging
                                      • Post-Test

                                        Kindly complete the post-test to assess your knowledge about the topic after the course.